【语法】高中英语副词语法都在这了!
发布于 24天前 作者 知米妞 485 次浏览 来自 高考

1.high / highly

high:“高”,比较具体。highly:“高度地”,比较抽象。例如:

例709:He can jump very high. (他能跳得高。)

例710:He was highly thought of. (他深受赞誉。)

2.deep / deeply

deep:“深”,比较具体。deeply:“深深地”,比较抽象。例如:

例711:Still water runs deep. (静水流深。)

例712:We were deeply moved. (我们深受感动。)

3.wide / widely

wide:宽,大。widely:广泛地。例如:

例713:The fox lay dead, with its mouth wide open. (张大嘴巴)

例714:The Chinese language is widely used. (广泛使用)

4.late / lately

late:晚,迟。lately:最近。例如:

例715:He came home late last night.

例716:Have you heard from him lately?

5.hard / hardly

hard:努力。hardly:几乎不。例如:

例717:Work hard, and you’ll succeed.

例718:We can hardly imagine that.

6.near / nearly

near:在附近。nearly:几乎。例如:

例719:I live near.(我住在附近。)

例720:Nearly 1,000 people were trapped in the fire. (将近有一千人被困大火中。)

7.close / closely

close:靠近。closely:紧紧地,密切地。例如:

例721:Come close to me. (请靠近我。)

例722:Watch him closely. (请密切关注他。)

8.free / freely

free:免费,自由地。freely:自如地。例如:

例723:The show was arranged to admit free the students from Senior III.

(安排高三学生入内免费参观展览。)

例724:He can communicate freely with the native speakers. (他能与当地人自如交谈。)

9.most / mostly

most:最,相当。mostly:大多数。例如:

例725:Lesson One is a most difficult lesson. (第一课很难。)比较:

例726:They are mostly visiting scientists. (他们大多是来访的科学家。)

10.just / justly

just:刚刚,仅仅,正好。justly:公正地。例如:

例727:I’ve just arrived.

例728:I want to be treated justly. (我需要公正对待。)

11.a little / a bit

用作副词词组时,a little和a bit都有“一点儿”的意思,都可以直接修饰形容词或副词。用作形容词词组时,a little可以直接修饰不可数名词,a bit则必须先加介词of,再加不可数名词;not a little与not a bit的意思相反,前者是“非常”的意思,后者则是“一点儿也不”的意思,分别相当于very much和not at all。例如:

例729:I’m feeling a little / a bit nervous.

例730:There is still a little / a bit of water left in the jar. (形容词性)

例731:—Are you feeling hungry? (饿吗?)

—Not a bit, for I’ve just had a rich meal. (不饿,刚吃过大餐。)

—Not a little, it’s high time we had lunch. (很饿,早该吃午餐了。)

例732:He was not a little tired, so he fell asleep the moment his head touched the pillow.

(他很累,所以一躺下就睡着了。)

例733:After climbing the mountain, he was a little / a bit thirsty, but not a bit tired.

(爬山后,他有点渴,但一点也不累。)

12.ago / before

ago:在……以前。指从此刻起若干时间以前,通常与过去时态连用。例如:

例734:It happened two days ago.

before:在……以前。指从那时起若干时间以前,通常与过去完成时态连用。例如:

例735:He said that he had seen her two days before.

此外,before 也可以泛指以前,与完成时态或过去时态连用。例如:

例736:I’ve never heard of such a man before.

例737:I met him somewhere before.

13.almost / nearly

almost:差不多,几乎。有very nearly的意义。例如:

例738:He has almost finished his work.

例739:Almost no one took any rest.

nearly:几乎,将近。所指的差距一般比almost大。例如:

例740:It’s nearly five o’clock.

注:almost有时可与nearly通用,但almost后可接no, none, nothing, nobody等不定代词,而nearly前则可用not。

14.aloud / loud / loudly

aloud:出声地(有使能听得到的意味);高声地(有使远处能听得到的意味)。例如:

例741:Please read the story aloud.

例742:They were shouting aloud.

loud:高声地,大声地,响亮地。常指在说笑等方面。例如:

例743:He was giving his lecture loud enough.

例744:Speak louder.

loudly:高声地。有时可与loud通用,但含有喧闹的意味。例如:

例745:Someone knocked loudly at the door.

例746:I can hardly hear; they are talking loudly.

15.altogether / all together

altogether:总共(相当于in all)。 all together:一起(比together语气强,相当于completely together)。例如:

例747:Altogether there are sixty-six of us here. Now let’s go (all) together.

16.always / often / frequently / usually

always:永远,总是。与进行式连用时,表示“再三地、老是”等意思,有时表示生气或不耐烦等感情色彩。例如:

例748:The sun always rises in the east.

例749:The boy is always talking in class. (这孩子老在课堂讲话!)

often:时常,常常。强调经常性。例如:

例750:He often comes here to see me.

例751:Do you often go to the library?

frequently:时常,屡次。与often通用,但是强调次数频繁,相当于very often。例如:

例752:Business frequently brings him to Shanghai. (因商务,他常到上海来。)

例753:He frequently comes here to see her.

usually:通常,往常。强调习惯性。例如:

例754:He usually comes here at seven o’clock.

17.before long / long before

before long:很快,不久。可用于各种时态。例如:

例755:Before long he had to move on again.

例756:I think I’ll meet him before long.

long before:很久以前,老早。可单独使用,也可带从句。例如:

例757:He said he had seen the film long before. (他说他早看过这部电影。)

例758:I had seen the film long before he saw it. (在他看这部电影之前,我早就看过。)

注意,以下的long before在意义上是分开的:

例759:It won’t be long before we meet again. (我们不久还会见面。)

例760:It was not long before he returned to his motherland. (不久他回到祖国。)

18.late / later / latest / lately / last / latter

late:晚,迟。later:以后,后来(与late的比较级同形)。latest:最新的。lately:最近。last:上一次,最末了。latter:后者。例如:

例761:—Have you heard from Jack lately?

—Yes, he went to Jamestown on business last week. One night he returned to his hotel late, and met with a robber in the street. He fought bravely. Later, the police came and the latter was seized.

—Well, this is the latest news for me!

19.no longer / no more

no longer:不再,已不。侧重于时间关系,相当于not any longer,当状语。例如:

例762:The Greens no longer lives here.

no more:不再,再也不。侧重于数量关系;当状语时,相当于not any more,还可以当定语。例如:

例763:Since we’ve got no more chances, we’ll not go there any more.

(既然我们不再有机会,我们就不再去那里了。)

20.still / yet

still:仍然,还。表示某事仍在继续之中,多用于肯定句中,常与一般时态、进行时态或完成时态连用;在修饰比较级或加强语气时,可放在被修饰词的前面或后面,此时是“更加”的意思。例如:

例764:Just at that moment, he woke up, still shaking from the terrible dream.

例765:It was cold yesterday, but today it is still colder / colder still.

(昨天很冷,但是今天更冷。)

例766:After two hours the dog was still there.

例767:The plane still has not taken off. (飞机还没起飞。)

例768:Tom’s brother suffered a still worse fate. (汤姆的兄弟命运更糟。)

yet:仍然,还(强调某事尚未完成,但不一定要继续,多用于疑问句和否定句中);然而。例如:

例769:My task is not yet finished.

例770:Though he is over sixty, yet he is strong.

21.too / also / as well / either

too:也。通常用于肯定句中;常放在句末,但有时为了不引起含糊不清的感觉,把它紧放在所修饰的词之后。例如:

例771:Mother was angry too.

例772:I, too, have been to Paris. (这里明确表示人家去过巴黎,我也去过。而不是我除了去过某地以外,还去过巴黎。)

also:也。通常用于肯定句中;一般靠近动词。例如:

例773:He also asked to go.

as well:也。通常用于肯定句中;常放在句末,除了在may / might as well搭配中。如:

例774:He knows English, and Japanese as well.

例775:You might as well take a taxi, if no bus for you. (如果没有公交车,你也可以打的。)

either:也。通常用于否定句中,而且要放在句末。例如:

例776:If you do not go, I shall not either.

22.too much / much too

too much:太多(后接不可数名词);太过分(后接for短语)。

例777:There is too much work today.

例778:The problem is too much for the five-year-old boy.

much too:太。比too语气强,相当于far too,rather too等;其后接形容词和副词。例如:

例779:The problem is much too difficult for the five-year-old boy.

23.very / quite / fairly / rather

very,quite,fairly和rather都有“十分”的意思。rather可用于修饰形容词或副词比较级,也可放在too(太)之前,very,quite和fairly则不可以。另外,very通常不修饰以a字母开头的形容词(如afraid, alone, asleep, aware, ashamed等,而要用much修饰),也不直接修饰动词;quite侧重于“完全地、彻底地”,相当于completely或entirely,可修饰形容词、副词或动词;fairly侧重于“还算”,通常修饰“使人感到愉快的”形容词或副词;rather侧重于“极,相当”,通常修饰表示“使人感到不愉快的”的形容词或副词。例如:

例780:—Instead of using “I very like English”, we often express “I like English very much.”

(我们不说“I very like English.”,通常说“I like English very much.”。)

—Quite right. It’s very important. (完全正确。这一点很重要。)

例781:—His pronunciation is fairly good, but his handwriting is rather poor.

—I quite agree with you.


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