【翻译】四六级翻译例题干货来袭
发布于 1个月前 作者 知米妞 442 次浏览 来自 六级

昆曲. 请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

昆曲(Kunqu Opera)源于江苏昆山地区,至今已有600多年的历史,它是中国戏曲最古老的存在形式之一。昆曲有一个完整的表演体系并且有自己独特的腔调。昆曲在明朝初期得到发展。从16到18世纪,它一直主宰着中国戏曲。此外,昆曲还影响了许多其他的中国戏曲形式。今天,昆曲依然在中国的一些大城市被进行表演,受到了许多人的喜爱。

参考翻译:

Kunqu Opera originated in the Kunshan region of Jiangsu. It is one of the oldest existing forms of Chinese operas with a history of more than 600 years. Kunqu Opera has a complete system of acting characterized by its own distinctive tunes. During the early Ming Dynasty, Kunqu Opera got developed and it dominated Chinese theatre from the 16th to the 18th century. In addition, Kunqu Opera has influenced many other Chinese theatre forms. Today, Kunqu Opera is still played in some major cities of China and enjoys a popularity among many people.

词句点拨:

1.至今已有600多年的历史:“已有600多年的历史”可译为with a history of more than 600 years,其中with ahistory of意表示“有…的历史”,more than表示“多于,超过”。

2.昆曲在明朝初期得到发展:“发展”可译为develop,常用的短语有develop into, 意为“发展成为”。“明朝初期”可译为theearly Ming Dynasty,而“明朝末期”可译为the late MingDynasty。

3.此外,昆曲还影响了许多其他的中国戏曲形式:“此外”可译为in addition。“影响”可译为influence,也可译为have the influence of。

算盘

请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

算盘(abacus)是中国传统的计算工具,也是中国古代的一项重大发明。阿拉伯数字出现以前,算盘在世界各地广泛使用。算盘是矩形的木框,木框上固定着带算珠的木杆。木框中间的横梁(beam)将木杆分成两部分:木杆上方的两颗算珠 (counting beads)每个代表5,下方的五颗算珠每个代表1。随着算盘的应用,人们总结出很多计算技巧,提高了计算速度。由于算盘易于制造,而且计算口诀易于记忆和操作,因此算盘在中国十分流行。

参考翻译:

As a traditional Chinese calculation tool and an important ancient Chinese invention,the abacus was widely used before the invention of Arabic numerals in the world. The abacus is a rectangle with a wooden frame. Within the frame,rods with stringed beads are fixed. The beam in the middle of the frame divides each rod into two parts. The two counting beads in the upper part of each rod represent five and the rest five beads in the lower part represent one. With the application of the abacus, people summarized many calculation tips to help improve the speed of calculation. As the abacus is simple to produce, and its calculation tips are easy to memorize and operate, it is quite popular in China.

词句点拨:

1.广泛使用:可以用被动语态表示“被广泛使用”,即be widely used。 2.带算珠的木杆:可译为rods with stringed beads。其中rod意为“木杆”,stringed 意为“用带或绳绑或挂的”,beads意为“珠子”,故stringed beads意为“串起来的珠子”。 3.上方:即in the upper part;“下方”可译为in the lower part。 4.随着算盘的应用:可译为 with the application of the abacus。


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