【技巧】2019年高考英语短文改错答题技巧,别错过高分机会!
发布于 1个月前 作者 知米妞 833 次浏览 来自 高考

英语短文改错对考生的要求较高,是对语言知识综合运用能力的考查,检测考生发现、判断、纠正文章错误的能力,进而考查学生的词法、句法及行文逻辑等方面的水平。

考生在该项上往往失分较多,对该题感到束手无策。但是,如果解题时能从有效掌握解题思路、出题规律及破解题目关键两大处入手,此类题目就会迎刃而解。

解题思路

1.句中各部分的结构是否完整,特别是每个句子要有动词

2.谓语动词的时态、语态是否正确

3.非谓语动词的用法是否正确

4.名词的单、复数,格的使用是否正确

5.定冠词和不定冠词是否正确

6.代词的格和性的使用是否正确

7.定语从句中关系代词、副词是否准确

8.并列句中的并列连词、主从复合句中的从属连词用得是否得当

解题四原则

1.改动以最少为原则;

2.虚词以添加或删除为原则;

3.实词以改变词形为原则;

4.以保持句子原意为原则。

解题思路

三步解题法:

第一步:快速浏览全文,把握文章的主要时态、人称及文章的主旨大意,顺便标记自己一眼就能看出的错误。

第二步:细读文章,找出错误并改正。一般要结合文章的上下文以及出题规律来做题。

第三步:代入正确答案通读全文,看其是否通顺。

常见错误类型

1.动词的错误是历年考试的重点和热点,常见动词错误类型有:

(1)一般现在时与一般过去时错用,如:

They did not want me to do any work at home; they want me to devote all my time to my studies.(did 改为do)

(2)and 前后动词时态不一致,如:

As we climbed the mountain, we fed monkeys, visiting temples and told stories. (visiting 改为 visited)

(3)主谓不一致,如:

One evening she told me that something happened when her parents was out. (was 改为were)

(4)缺少动词,特别是be动词,如:

There will an important game next month. (will后加be)

(5)第三人称单数形式错用;

(6)主动语态和被动语态错用;

(7)固定搭配错用。

2.名词的常见错误:

(1)单复数名词错用;

(2)可数名词与不可数名词错用。

I’ll get good marks in all my subject.(subject 改为subjects)

Their word were a great encouragement to me.(word 改为words)

Without enough knowledges, you can never teach well.(knowledges改为knowledge)

3.连词错误:

连词包括关系代词、副词、并列连词and/ or/but等。关于连词,一般考查从句关系 who / whom / whose / what / which / how / why / when / where / if / whether等。

I have a good friend who’s name is Liu Mei. (错用了who的所有格形式,改为whose)

I teach them, play with them, but watch them growing up. (此处应该是并列的关系而非转折,but改为 and)

Clever as she is, but she works very hard.(as意为“尽管”,不能再跟but连用,所以去掉but)

4.冠词错误:

(1)误用 a、an和 the(根据单词的第一个音素来判定)

We may be one family and live under a same roof. (a 改为the,the same 是固定搭配)

(2)冠词多余,如:

So I went to sell newspapers after the school.(“放学后”应该用after school表示,故此处定冠词多余,应去掉the。)

(3)冠词遗漏,如:

As we all left home at early age, we met lots of problems in our daily life.

(at an early age表示“很小的时候”,故early前应加不定冠词。)

5.形容词和副词错误:

(1)系动词后用形容词(be / am / is / are / was / were / become / go / 感官性动词 smell / feel)

(2)词性的误用(形容词修饰名词;副词修饰动词、形容词)

I’m sure we’ll have a wonderfully time together. (time是名词所以要用形容词wonderful修饰)

My pronunciation was terribly.(was后用形容词,terribly改为terrible.)

6.代词错误:

(1)代词的主格和宾格(I / me; he/him; she/ her; we/ us they/ them )错误

(2)反身代词(myself / yourself / himself / herself / themselves / ourselves)使用错误

(3)代词的单数和复数使用错误

(4)代词指代错误

(5)多代词或少代词

Soon I began to enjoy talking to myself on paper as I was learning to express me in simple English. (me 改为 myself )

One day I wrote a little story and showed to my teacher. (to前加it)

If any one of us had any difficulty in our life and study, the other would help him out. (other后加s)

What’s more, you have to be friends with your pupils and take good care of him. (him改为them)

7.非谓语动词的常见错误:

(1)不定式、动名词作主语、宾语时

(2)and 连接的不定式或动名词前后不一致(尤其距离较远时)

(3)介词后用动名词形式作宾语;某些动词后要求接动名词或不定式。

Soon I began to enjoy talk to myself on paper. (enjoy 后需接动名词,talk改为talking)

But his parents think go to college is more important than playing sports. (go作主语,应改为 going )

Children may not develop the habit of read and the ability to enjoy themselves. (介词后用动名词形式作宾语,read改为reading)

I particularly enjoyed driving through the countryside with you and saw the changing colors of the leaves on the trees. (and 连接的不定式或动名词前后不一致,故saw改为seeing)

8.介词错误:

(1)固定搭配中的介词错用

(2)介词意思理解偏差

(3)介词的多用或少用

There are too many people among my family. (among 改为in ,in my family 为固定搭配)

I was so tired that I fell asleep at the moment my head touched the pillow. (去掉 at, the moment 引导从句)

解题注意要点

1.核对错项时,若的确有一时难以改出的地方,可以参考所改动项是否基本符合“1:1:8”的比例。即多一词1个,缺词1个,错词8个。

2.核对改正的语法项目是否有重复。因为短文改错往往覆盖面广,一般不会出现重复考查某个语法点的现象。

3.核对答题符号是否规范,位置是否准确,看看有无遗漏符号、忽略字母大小写和拼写等问题。


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