【阅读】四六级阅读理解应考高分小tips(二)
发布于 1个月前 作者 知米妞 221 次浏览 来自 六级

一、速读文章,找重点词句

速读每一段,关注段首段尾句和段内重点单词区域(例如逻辑关系等)段首或段尾句可以迅速告知本段主要内容,而常见阅读重点词汇及短语区域则是段内重点信息的表达。

因果转折类:but, however, unfortunately, since, because, the reason… 让步关系:although, though 递进关系:not only…but also…, merely, but 比较关系类:more even, more than, most 选择关系:either…or…, or 事实罗列:for example, in fact 序数词:first, second, at last

【Eg 1】: 段尾句的转折关系:

But at the same time, the opening of national borders to the flow of goods, services, information and especially people has made universities a powerful force for global integration, mutual understanding and geopolitical stability.

定位至本句后,根据长难句中关注谓语宾语结构或表语结构,重点位置再次被定位至:has made universities a powerful force,以此句去匹配剩余题目即可。

浏览至54题,发现:

Present-day universities have become a powerful force for global integration.

【Eg 2】: F段重点句包含BUT:

The link between university-based science and industrial application is often indirect but sometimes highly visible.

浏览至53题,发现:

Around the world, governments encourage the model of linking university-based science and industrial application.

二、用同意替换解决速读无法解决的段落及题目

1、同意替换是阅读类题目终极解决方案,它包括单词或短语甚至句子用另一种含义表达的所有形式。相对而言,四级部分更多强调词语的同意替换,例如上题中,段落中的link变成题目中的linking。

当然,也有一定难度的题目来影响考生的分数。

【Eg】:

[E] Globalization is also reshaping the way research is done. One new trend involves sourcing portions of a research program to another country. Yale professor and Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator Tian Xu directs a research center focused on the genetics of human disease at Shanghai’s Fudan University, in collaboration with faculty colleagues from both schools. The Shanghai center has 95 employees and graduate students working in a 4,300-square-meter laboratory facility. Yale faculty, postdoctors and graduate students visit regularly and attend videoconference seminars with scientists from both campuses. The arrangement benefits both countries; Xu’s Yale lab is more productive, thanks to the lower costs of conducting research in China, and Chinese graduate students, postdoctors and faculty get on-the-job training from a world-class scientist and his U.S. team.

本段可以定位的位置有:

首句尾句;4,300,95(精确数字);Fudan University(非高频大写专有)等。仔细浏览完毕题目,发现没有任何明显信息可以进行匹配。

只有49题:

The way research is carried out in universities has changed as a result of globalization。包含一个globalization。

仔细分析,发现这句话对应的就是E段段首。其同意替换对应关系为:

Reshape-has changed; research is done-research is carried out.

2、同意替换因为有一定难度,于是成为匹配题最佳解决方案,这是一个需要积累和锻炼的能力。

● 平时背词汇时,多多注意目标词汇的同意词和近义词,以及短语。特别关注其英文解释,这会逐渐给大家省很多力气。

● 每次做完题目后,都积累阅读和听力科目中全部同意替换的方式,今后考试中被重复考到几率是很高的。

3、总结段落信息匹配题的做法:

● 先看题再回文章,包含两步:关注主题(主标题或副标题)+定位简单特殊明确的位置(如特殊数据)。

● 速读文章再看题,需要关注重点词汇区域。

● 最后使用同意替换能力来解决剩余题目。

三、常见段落信息匹配的高频考点位置

1、涉及到首段的提示词:

● overview /past/introduction ● initiation/orientation ● main idea/view/concept ● definition/cause/demonstration ● essence/explanation… + topic

2、涉及到尾段的提示词:

● future / in the future / solution ● conclusion / suggest or suggestion ● Summary/prediction/effect…+ topic

3、特殊词帮助定位:

● 含有rate / ratio / proportion / percentage等词的信息往往对应% 较多的段落

● 含有number / figure / amount statistical / demographics等词的信息往往对应数字集中的段落

● 含有financial / business / income / revenue / salary/ wage / commercial等词的信息往往对应¥ $ 符号多的段落。

● 含有time/ period等词的信息往往对应时间较多的段落


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