【短语】高中英语重点短语大汇总,历次大小考都在考,一定要记牢(下)
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labour force 劳动力

land on its legs 用脚着地

land on 降落

Lantern Festival 元宵节(灯笼节)

laugh at sb. 嘲笑某人

laugh sb. off one’s fears 使某人发笑来减轻恐惧

lay the person on his/her back 把一个人仰卧/平放在某处

lead a simple life 朴素地生活

lead to 引起、导致、带来

leave for sp. 到某地

leave sb. alone 把……留下

leave sb. doing 使某人一直处于某种动作状态

leave sth. to chance ……靠运气、……听天由命

leave sth. to sb./sth. 把……留给……

leave the hotel by (the nearest exit) 从(最近的出口)离开宾馆

let in 让……进来

let sb. down 让……失望

lie around 闲置、到处都是

lie in ①位于(内部) ②在于、源于

lie on ①与……接壤 ②(城市)位于(河、湖、海边)

lie on one’s back 仰卧着

lie still 一直躺着

lie to 与……接壤或接近

light up 放光芒、放光彩

like doing 喜爱做(指经常发生)

like to do 愿意做(特指某一次)

line up to 满足……的要求

listen for 等着听(钟声、节目等)

live a simple life 朴素地生活

live in separate rooms 住在两个分离的房间里

live on sth. 以……为生

load with 承载、负担

long before 很久以前(常用于一般过去时、过去完成时)

look by 旁观

look down upon 轻视、鄙视、看不起

look ahead 向前看

look for 寻找

look forward(s) to doing/sth. 期待

look into 往里看,调查研究

look on sb./sth. as 把……当作

Look out. 小心。

look over ①检查②视察

look sb./sth. up and down 仔细打量……

look through 浏览

lose heart 失去信心

lose one’s life/lives 丧命

lose one’s sight 失明

lose one’s temper 发脾气

lose one’s way 迷路

lose touch with 与……失去联系

lose weight 减少体重

M

make (good) use of (充分地/很好地)利用

make a (phone) call 打电话

make a choice 作出选择

make a decision 下决心

make a fire 生火

make a fool of oneself 出丑、丢脸

make a fresh start 作出一个新的开始

make fun of sb. 对某人开玩笑

make a good effort 作出很大的努力

make a hit 受……欢迎

make a part in 在……起作用

make a plan for 为……制订计划

make a promise 许下诺言

make a search for 寻找

make a trip (因公)旅行

make an effort to do 努力去做

make arrangements 做安排

make contributions to sth./doing 为……做出贡献

make ends meet oneself 维持生计

make for 朝……冲去

make no answer 不回答

make noise 发出噪音

make one’s living (by doing) (以……)谋生

make one’s way 开辟道路

make out 辨认出

make progress 取得进步

make room for sb. 给某人留个地方

make sb./sth. do/done/adj./n. 使……、让……(如名词做宾补,则仅指职位)

make sense of sth. 使……有意义、讲得通

make sth. into sth. 把……变成……

make sth. out of sth. 用……做……

make sth. to one’s own measure 按某人身材做(衣服等)

make sth./sp. the base for sth. 把……作为……的基地

Make sure(certain) that… 确信……(祈使句)

make up ①编造 ②和好 ③凑足(钱)、使……完整 ④构成、组成 ⑤打扮

make up one’s mind (to do) 下决心(去做)

make use of sth. 使用、利用……去做某事

manage to do 设法做成……

man-made project/satellite 人造工程/卫星

many a 许多(接可数名词单数,谓语动词用单数)

many happy returns of the day 每天都快乐

marry A to B 把A嫁(娶)给B

may/might have done 可能做完了(某事)

mean doing 意味着……

mean that 意味着……(接从句)

mean to do 打算……

meet one’s needs/demands/requirements 满足某人的需求

meet the demands/needs/requirements of sb. 满足某人的需求

meet the standard of 满足……的要求

meet with ①碰见、偶然遇见 ②符合、迎合、契合

mention sth. to sb. 向某人提起……

mention to sb. sth. 向某人提起……

middle ages 中世纪

mix A with B 用B与A混合

mix sb. up sth. 把某人卷入某事中

more than one 不只一个(接可数名词单数,谓语动词用单数)

move around 绕着……来回转

much more interesting 更有趣

much less expensive 更便宜

much too 太(接形容词)

must have done 一定做完了(某事)

must/might be doing 一定在……(对正在发生的情况推测)

must/might have been doing 一定是一直在…… (对发生在过去,现在仍在进行的情况进行推测)

N

name out 说出

name plate 标牌、胸卡

named after 以……命名

natural gift 天赋

need doing/to be done 需要(被)……

need have done 本来需要做的(却没做)

need sb. to do 需要某人去做……

needn’t have done 本来不需要做的(却做了)

neither A nor B 既不是A也不是B(谓语动词就近一致)

next to 紧挨着、靠近

no better than 与……一样差

no later than 不迟于

no longer 不再(表动作或状态)

no matter how = however 不管、不论(引导让步状语从句)

no matter what = whatever 不管什么(引导让步状语从句)

no matter when = whenever 不管什么时候(引导让步状语从句)

no matter where = wherever 不管在哪里(引导让步状语从句)

no matter who = whoever 不管谁(引导让步状语从句)

no more than ①两者都不…… ②只有、仅

no more 不再(表次数)

No sooner…than… 一……就…… (部分倒装句式,前句倒装后句不倒装)

no wonder 怪不得、难怪

Nobody but A… 除了A以外没有人(谓语动词与nobody一致,用单数)

nod to 向……点头

not a bit 一点也不

Not A but B… 不是A而是B……(谓语动词与B一致)

not a little 很、非常

not all 不都

not any longer 不再(表动作或状态)

not any more 不再(表次数)

not both 不都

Not only A but (also) B… 不但A,而且B……(谓语动词与B一致)

Not only…, but also… 不仅 …… ,而且……(部分倒装句式,前句倒装后句不倒装)

Not until…did… 直到……才…… (部分倒装句式,前句不倒装后句倒装)

not…at all 一点也不

not…in the least 一点也不

not…other than 没有……,除了……

nothing but/except 除了……没有别的

notice sb./sth. do 注意到……做过……

notice sb./sth. doing 注意到……正在……

notice sb./sth. done 注意到……被……

now and then 有时;不时地

now that 既然(引导原因状语从句)

O

obey the rules 遵守规则

object to sth./doing 反对、不赞成

of one’s own 属于某人自己的

of oneself 自动地……

of+no/great+interest/help/value/use/important/…+to sb. ……对某人(没)有……

offer (sb.) money for sth. 出价、买

offer (sth.) for money 要价、卖

offer sb. sth. 提供……给某人

offer sth. to sb. 提供……给某人

offer to do 提出要做……

Olympic Games 奥林匹克运动会

on (the) television 从电视上

on arrival 一到那里

on average 平均

on condition that 以……为条件

On doing……,…… 一……就……(后接从句)

on earth ①在地球上 ②究竟

on one’s arrival 在某人抵达的路上

on one’s feet 走路

on one’s own 自己、靠自己

on one’s way to sp. 在某人去……的路上

on purpose 故意地、特意地

on sale 正在出售

on the (west) coast of some country 在某国(西)海岸

on the contrary 相反

on the earth 在地球上

on the edge of 在……的边缘

on the left 在左边

on the other side 在另一边

on the radio 从收音机里

on the right 在右边

on the sands 在沙滩上

on the two sides 在两边

on the whole 整体上

on time 准时、按时

once a while 有时、偶尔

once again 再次、又一次

once in a while 偶尔、有时

once more 再次、又一次

once upon a time 很久以前

one after another 一个接一个地

one and a half years 一年半

one another 互相、彼此

one day 某一天

one person in ten 十个人中有一个

one person out of ten 十个人中有一个

one such+n. 这样一个……(名词用单数)

one’s attitude to/towards sth. 某人对……的态度

one-sided view 片面的看法

only to find 结果却发现…

only/but/all too pleased/happy/thankful to do 做……太高兴/感谢了

operate on sb. 给某人做手术

operate on sp. 在某位置动手术

opposite direction 相反方向

or rather 或者说、更进一步说

order (that) sb. (should) do 命令某人应该做某事(虚拟语气)

ought not to have done 不应该做(却做了)

ought to have done 应该做(却没做)

out of breath 上气不接下气地

out of one’s reach 够不着

out of order 坏了、无秩序、乱放

out of the reach of sb. 某人够不到

over and over again 一次又一次、再三

over the radio 从收音机里

over the years 这几年里

owe one’s success to sb. 把某人的成功归功于别人

owe one’s thanks to sb. 感谢某人

owe sb. sth. 欠某人某物

owe sth. to sb. 把……归于……

P

pass away 去世

pass down 继承、传下去

pass on a message to sb. 给(收信人)留/传个信

pass on 传递

pass the exam 考试及格

pay (special/little/much) attention to sth./ doing 对……(特别/不/很)注意

pay a visit to sp. 游览、参观某地

pay back the money 还钱

pay money for sth. 付……的钱

pay off the money/debt 还清钱/债务

pay one’s way 付……的路费

permit doing/sb. to do 允许(某人)做某事

persist in 坚持(行动等)、固执己见

personal affairs 私事

persuade sb. (not) to do 说服某人(不)去做

persuade sb. into doing 说服某人去做

persuade sb. out of doing 说服某人不去做

pick on 挑选;挑剔

pick out 挑选;选出

pick up ①捡起 ②接收(广播等) ③接某人 ④学会 ⑤购买

plan a bicycle trip 计划一次自行车旅行

plan to do 计划做……

play a joke with sb. 对某人开玩笑

play a part in 在……起作用

play a trick on sb. 捉弄某人

play against sb. 与……比赛

play on words 语言游戏

play the part of sb. 演……的角色

plenty of 大量(接可数、不可数名词)

pocket money 零用钱、零花钱

point at 指……(人)(有不礼貌的含义)

point of view 观点

point out 指出

point to 指向……

pour in 使流入;蜂拥而入

power failure 停电

practise sth./doing 练习……

prefer doing… to doing… 比起做(后者)宁愿做(前者)

prefer sb. to do… 想让某人去做……

prefer sth. to sth. 和后者比更喜欢前者

prefer to do… 更愿意……

prefer to do…rather than do… 比起……更愿意……

prepare oneself for 为……作准备(接抽象事物)

pretend to be doing 假装正在做……

pretend to do 假装……

prevent sb./sth. from doing 阻止……做某事

promise (sb.) to do 承诺做某事

promise sb. sth. 把……借给某人

promise sth. to sb. 把……借给某人

propose (that) sb. (should) do 建议某人应该做某事(虚拟语气)

protect sb./sth. from being done/sth. 保护……免于

prove sb. to be 证实某人……

provide sb. with sth. 为某人提供……

provide sth. to sb. 为某人提供……

pull on 匆忙穿上

purified water 纯净水

push over 推倒

put a question 提出问题

put a stop to sth. 停止、结束……

put a tax on sth. 设……税

put aside 放一边、置之不理

put away ①收拾、整理 ②打消……(念头)

put down ①写下、记下 ②镇压

put forward 提出

put off ①推迟 ②去除

put on airs 忘乎所以、飘飘然

put on performances 演出

put on weight 增加体重

put on 穿、戴

put one’s heart into 用心于……、专心于……

put out the fire 扑灭火

put sb. in/into prison 把某人关进监狱

put sb. through to sb. 将电话接到……

put sb. to death 打死……

put sb. to the trouble of doing 麻烦某人做某事

put sth. into/in practice 投入(运用于)实践

put through 使……通过、完成

put up ①搭建、 建立 ②张贴 ③提供食宿

put up with 忍受

Q

quantities of 大量(接可数、不可数名词,谓语动词用复数)

quite a few 许多

quite a lot of 许多

R

rain drop 雨滴

raise a cheer 发出欢呼

raise a question 提出问题

range from sth. to sth. 包括从……到……

reach an agreement 达成共识

read between the lines 体会字里行间的意思

read for sb. 给某人读

read one’s thoughts 读懂某人(的心思)

read sb. sth. 给某人读……

read sth. to sb. 给某人读……

read through 浏览、看完

read well 读得好

receive (his doctor’s) degree 获得(博士)学位

reduce sb./sth. to sth./doing 使……沦落为、降格为

refer to ①指的是 ②指到、说到、提及、谈到

refer to sth. as 把……看作

regard sb./sth. as 当作、认为

regret doing 悔恨做过……

regret to do 遗憾去……

rely on sb. 依赖某人

remain in business 继续营业

remain in poor health 身体不好

remember doing 想起来做过

remember sb. to sb. 让某人记住某人

remember to do 想起来该做

remind sb. of sth./sb. 让某人想起……、提醒某人……

remind sb. that 提醒某人……

reply that… 回答说

reply to 答复

report sth. to sb. 向某人汇报……

report to sb. sth. 向某人汇报……

request (that) sb. (should) do 要求某人应该做某事(虚拟语气)

require (that) sb. (should) do 要求某人应该做某事(虚拟语气)

require doing/to be done 要求(被)……

require to do sth. 请求……

rest room 厕所

result from 由于

result in 导致

return sth. to sb. 把……归还……

return to normal 复原

return to sp. 回到……

right away 马上、立刻

right now 马上、立刻

ring back 回电话

ring off 挂断(电话)

rob sb. of sth. 抢某人的……

rot away 腐烂

round the clock 昼夜地

run about 到处跑

run around 到处跑

run at a speed of sth. 以……的速度前进

run at top speed 全速前进

run in 追捕

run off 跑开、跑掉

run out of sth. ……用光了

run out 用尽

run short 短缺

rush hour 交通拥挤时间

S

safe and sound 安然无恙

satisfy one’s needs/demands/requirements 满足某人的需求

save sth. for 节约、节省

say hello to sb. 向某人问好

say to oneself 心里想

sb. be determined to do 下决心去……

sb. be encouraged to do sth. 某人被鼓励……

sb. be familiar with sth. 某人对……熟悉

sb. be forced to do 某人被强迫……

sb. be likely to do 很可能……

sb. be married to sb. 与……结婚

sb. be not oneself 某人状态不好

sb. be pleased to do…/at doing… 很高兴……

sb. be pleased with sth. 对……感到高兴、满意

sb. be said to do 某人将要……

sb. be supplied with sth. 某人被提供……

sb. be supposed to do 某人应该去做

sb. be supposed to have done 某人本来应该做(却没做)

sb. be sure/certain of(about) sth./doing 某人对做某事有把握

sb. be sure/certain to do 某人一定会做……

sb. be thought of/as ……被当作

sb. be used to doing/sth. 习惯于……、适应……

sb. be wanted on the phone 打电话给某人

sb. do so/such…as to do 某人做……是为了……

sb. end sth. with sth. 某人以……结束……

sb. find sth. (hard) to do 某人发现(很难)做某事

sb. get used to doing/sth. 习惯于……、适应

sb. happen to do 某人恰好做某事

sb. have been married for (3 years) ……已经结婚(3 年)了

sb. have no doubt that… 某人对……不容怀疑

sb. have sth. for breakfast/lunch/supper 早/午/晚饭吃……

sb. knock oneself against sth. 某人撞到……上

sb. need sth. done 某人需要某事物被做

sb. seems to do/to have done 某人好像做(完)某事

sb. used to do 过去常常

sb. wonder if/whether… 某人想知道是否……

sb. would prefer to do… 宁愿去做

Scarcely…when… 还没……就…… (部分倒装句式,前句倒装后句不倒装)

scores of (people) 许多(人)

search for sb./sth. 寻找……

search sp. for sb./sth. 在……寻找……

seat oneself 坐在……

see about 考虑

see around 四处看、环顾

see New Year in 等待新年到来(单用)

see off 送行

see out 把……送出去

see over 检查

see sb. seated there 看见某人坐在那儿

see sb. sitting there 看见某人坐在那儿

see sb./sth. do/doing/done 看见某人做……

see to 负责、照料

seek for 寻找

seek the sun 赶潮流

seem to be+n./adj. 好像……

seem to do… 好像……

self-trust 自信

sell well 卖得好

send away ①派遣 ②开除、解雇

send back 退还

send for ①派人去请 ②邮购(不可分) ③送某人

send in 请进、领进

send off ①送行 ②寄出 ③派往

send one’s love/wishes/regards 给某人的……

send out ①派出 ②发出(气味、光线、声音等) ③寄出(邀请、通知等) ④发芽

send round/around 传递、传阅

send up 使……上升;发射

sentence sb. to death 判某人死刑(常用被动)

separate A from B 将A和B分开

set a good example to sb. 给某人树立了好榜样

set about doing 开始去做

set aside 放一边、置之不理

set fire to sth. 给……放火

set off for sp. 出发到某地

set out for sp. 出发去某地

set out to do 开始去做

set phrases 固定短语

set sb. free 把……释放

set up a record 创立纪录

set up for sp. 到某地

set up 建立组织(团体、机构等)

settle down 定居、安居

settle oneself 使某人自己稳定下来

settle the problem 解决问题

shake hands with sb. 与……握手

share sth. with sb. 与某人共享

shift round the clock 倒班、轮换值班

shock the whole world 震惊全世界

shoot at 朝……射击,瞄准

should have done 应该做(却没做)

shouldn’t have done 不应该做(却做了)

shout at sb. 向某人喊(有不礼貌的含义)

shout to sb. 向某人喊

show (sb.) around 带某人参观

show (sb.) in 带进、领进

show (sb.) out 带出、领出

show off 夸耀、显示

show one’s respect to sb. 向某人表达敬意、尊敬某人

since then 从此以后(用现在完成时)

sing high praise for 高度评价

slip out 悄悄地溜出去

smooth away 摆脱、去除

so as to do 为了……

So far as I know/see,… 据我所知,……

so far 至今为止

so few mistakes 这么少的错误

So it is/was with sb… ……也是这样。

So long. (口语)再见。

so that 以便(接从句)

so…that… 太……以致……(接从句)

solve the problem 解决问题

some day 某一天

some one 某个人/物

some time 一段时间

some times 几次

someone else’s (book) 别人的(书)

something as follows 以下东西

sooner or later 迟早

speak highly of sb. 高度评价某人、夸耀某人

speak in a high/low voice 大(小)声说话

speak into the telephone 通电话

speed up 加速

spend time in doing 在做……上花费时间(doing为现在分词)

spend time on sth./doing 在……上花费时间(doing为动名词)

spit out 吐出

stand for 代表、表示

stand still 一直站着

stare at 盯着

start a fire 生火

start doing 开始(继续)做(刚做过的事)

start for sp. 到某地

start to do 开始做(另一件事)

stay silent 保持沉默

stay still 一直呆着

stay up 挺立;熬夜

step by step 一步一步地

step into 走到……(内部)

step onto 走到……(表面)

sth. be being built ……正在建设

sth. be beyond question 毫无疑问

sth. be considered (to be) ……被看作/认为

sth. be familiar to sb. 某人对……熟悉

sth. be in question ……在考虑范围之内

sth. be on sale ……正被出售

sth. be out of question 毫无疑问

sth. be out of the question 不可能的、不合情理的

sth. be supplied to sb. 某物被提供给……

sth. be taken for ①被当作、被看作 ②误认为……

sth. be to the taste 适合……的口味、品味

sth. be used as ……被当作

sth. be used for ……被用作

sth. be used to do ……被用来做

sth. closed with sth. 以……结束……

sth. cost sb. some money ……花某人多少钱

sth. determine sb. to do ……使某人下决心做某事

sth. do/does/did not help ……不起作用

sth. had not done…when 某事还没做这时……

sth. happen to sb. 某人遇到某事

sth. last sb. some time 维持多长时间

sth. stand on end 直立、挺立

stick in 陷进……、困入……

stick to 坚持(信念、观点、原则、决定、计划、诺言);粘上

stop doing 停止做某事

stop sb./sth. (from) doing 阻止……做某事

store up 贮藏、储藏

strictly speaking 严格地说

strike a match 划一根火柴

struggle against 与……作斗争、与……交战

struggle for sth. 为了……而斗争

struggle to one’s feet 挣扎着站起来

struggle with 与……作斗争、与……交战

succeed in doing sth. 做……成功

such as 就像、比如

suffer from 遭受

suggest (that) sb. (should) do 建议某人应该做某事(虚拟语气)

suggest doing…/sth. 建议(做)……

suggest sth. to sb. 建议某人做某事

suggest that… 表明、暗示

suggest to sb. sth. 建议某人做某事

suit his act to the needs of the (students) 使他的行为符合对(学生)的要求

supply sb. with sth. 将……供应给……

supply sth. to sb. 将……供应给……

suppose sb. to be 猜想某人会……

suppose sb. to do 猜想某人会做……

suppose that… 猜想……

swim to sp. 向……游

switch off 切断(电源开关等)

T

take (an active) part in (积极地)参加

take a boat from across the (lake) 从(湖)的对面搭一艘船

take a deep breath 深呼吸

take a message for sb. 为(发信人)留个信

take a message to sb. 给(收信人)留/传个信

take a rest 休息

take a seat 坐下

take a taxi 找出租车、打的

take a trip (因私)旅行

take after ①长得像 ②追赶(美国英语)

take along 携带

take another two pills 再吃两粒药

take around 带人参观

take aside 把人带到一边

take away 拿走

take back ①拿回 ②退缩

take care 小心

take control of 控制

take down ①写下、记下 ②拿下

take from 从……取得

take in ①欺骗 ②收留 ③吸入、拿进来

take it easy 别紧张、放松

take it for granted that… 认为……是理所当然的

take measures 采取措施

take no notice of 没有注意

take notes 做记录

take notice that 考虑…、对……注意

take off ①起飞 ②脱下 ③离开

take office 就职

take on ①呈现、显现 ②雇佣 ③承担(工作)

take one’s attention 吸引某人注意

take one’s exam 某人考试

take one’s leave 告辞,离开

take one’s time 不着急、慢慢来

take out (of sp.) (从……)拿出

take over ①继承 ②接管

take photographs of sb./sth. 给……拍照片

take pity/mercy on sb./sth. 怜悯(可怜)……

take place 发生

take pride in 以……自豪

take sb. up to sp. 带某人去某地

take sb./sth. seriously 认真对待……

take sides in 参加、参与

take sides with 站在……一边

take sth. as 把……看作

take sth. for ①当作、看作 ②误认为……

take sth. for granted 认为……是理所当然的

take sth./sb. for ①把……当作(看作) ②误认为……是

take sth./sb./doing for example 把……做例

take the place of 取代、代替

take this street/road 走这条街(路)

take to ①喜爱 ②养成(某种恶习)

take turns at doing 轮流做……

take turns to do sth. 轮流做……

take two more pills 再吃两粒药

take up ①占据(时间、空间) ②拿起 ③跟着别人说 ④从事

talk of 谈到

talk to oneself 自己对自己说

talking of 谈起、谈到

tear oneself away from 爱不释手

tell lies/a lie 说谎

tell the difference between A and B 区分A和B的不同

tend to do 倾向

tens of thousands of 成千上万的(加可数名词复数)

than before 比以前

than usual 比平时

thanks for 多亏了

thanks to 幸亏、由于

That is (to say),… 也就是说,……

the answer/key to the question 问题的答案

the attitude to/towards sth. 对……的态度

the ban on sth./doing ……的禁令

the cost of living 生活的花费

the damage to 对……的毁坏

the entrance to sp. ……的入口

the first time 第一次(引导时间状语从句)

the first+n.+to do 第一次做

the key to doing 解决……的关键

the key to the door 门钥匙

the last sentence but one 倒数第二句

the level of the sea 海平面

the lines of the play 戏剧的台词

the majority of+c.n.pl. 大多数的……(接可数名词复数,谓语动词用复数)

the majority 大多数(谓语动词单复数视情况而定)

the minute 这一分钟(引导时间状语从句)

the moment 这一刻(引导时间状语从句)

the more…, the more… 越 …… ,越……(more指形容词比较级)

the number of the ……的数量(接可数名词复数;谓语动词用单数)

the other day (不久前)有一天

the other 另一个(有范围)

the others 其余全部(有范围)

the reason for sth. ……的原因

The reason why…is that… 之所以……是因为……

the rest of 剩下的

the road to sp. 到……的路

the same as 与……一样

the second 这一秒(引导时间状语从句)

the students’ union 学生会

the talk 话题

the two of sb. 两个人都……

the very thing 就是那个东西

the way to sp. ……的路

There is no doubt that… 毫无疑问……/……是确定无疑的。

There is no need for sb. to do… 对某人没有必要……

There is no need to do… 没有必要……

There is no point in doing sth. 做……没有意义

There is no trouble in doing… 做……没有困难。

There seem(s) to be… 看起来……

There used to be… 过去曾经有……

There’s no need for sb. to do… 对某人没有必要做某事

think about 考虑

think highly of 高度评价、夸耀

think of sb. as 把……当作

think of sth./sb./doing ①想到 ②考虑

think over 仔细想

think sb./sth. (to be) +n./adj. 认为某人(物)……

think well of sb. 对……评价很高

through the street 穿街过巷

throughout the world 全世界

throw away 扔掉

throw up 呕吐

tie A to B 把A绑到B上

time and time again 一次又一次

time to do 是做……的时候了

to one’s joy/delight 令……高兴的是……

to one’s surprise 令……惊奇的是……

to oneself 对自己

to tell the truth 说句实话

to the joy/delight of sb. 令某人高兴的是

too many 太多(接可数名词复数)

too much ①太多(接不可数名词) ②太多的事(作主语)

track down 侦察、追察

trade in sth. 进行、从事……贸易

trade sth. for sth. 为了获得……而出卖……

trade sth. with sb. 与某人交易……

translate…into… 将(一种语言)翻译成(另一种语言)

treat sb./sth. as if/though 对待……好像……(有虚拟语气形式)

treat sth. as 把……看作

trust in 信仰(宗教等)

try doing 尝试去做

try one’s best to do 尽某人最大的努力做……

try one’s fortune 试运气

try to do 努力去做

turn a blind eye to 对……视而不见、熟视无睹

turn a deaf ear to 对……听而不闻、置若罔闻

turn against 背叛

turn away 转身

turn down ①调小声 ②拒绝

turn for the worse 越来越坏了

turn into 变成

turn off 关闭

turn on 打开

turn out (to be)+adj./n. 结果是

turn out 出来

turn over 翻动、翻转

turn sth. into 把……变成

turn to sb. (for help) 向某人求助

turn to 把(注意力)转向……

turn up ①调大声 ②出现

turn yellow/green/… 变黄(绿、……)

two shoe stores 两家鞋店

two women doctors 两个女医生

U

under control 受控制

under management 被管理

under one’s direction 在某人的指导下

under the pressure 在压力之下

until recently 直到最近

upside down 颠倒地,混乱地(作状语)

use up 用尽

Used sb. to do sth.? 某人过去常常做……吗?

using ability 使用的能力

W

wait for sb. (to do) 等待某人(做……)

wake up 叫醒、唤醒

want doing/to be done 想要(被)……

want sb. to do 想让某人去做

warn sb. not/never to do 警告某人不要做……

warn sb. of sth. 向某人发出对……的警报

wash away (水)冲走

wash out 冲洗干净

wash well 耐洗

Watch out. 小心。

water closet 厕所

wave hello/goodbye to sb. 与某人挥手问好/道别

wave sb. hello/goodbye 与某人挥手问好/道别

way of life 生活方式

wear out ①穿坏了 ②消耗掉了、筋疲力尽

What a shame to do sth.! 做……多么令人感到可耻!

What did sb. use to do? 某人过去常常做什么?

What do you mean by the sentence? 你这句话什么意思?

What the hell is that! 什么鬼地方! 什么玩意儿!

What time is it by your watch? 你的表几点钟了?

What’s going on? 正在发生什么事?

what’s more. 更多的是;另外

What’s the population of sp.? ……人口是多少?

What’s up? 发生了什么事?

when and where 何时何地(谓语动词用单数)

whether … or … 不管…还是…

Why don’t you do…? 为什么不……?

Why not do…? 为什么不……?

win a majority 赢得大多数的(承认、同意、支持等)

wind one’s way 蜿蜒前行、迂回前进

wind sth. around sth. 把……缠绕在……上

wind the clock/watch 上(钟表的)发条

wipe out 擦净、了解、彻底摧毁

wish for sth. 希望得到……

wish sb. n./adj. 希望某人……

wish sb. to do 希望某人做……

wish that 希望(虚拟语气)

wish to do 希望做……

with great care 小心翼翼

with this method 用这种方法

within reach 够得着

wonder at/about 对……感到惊讶、疑虑

wonder to do 惊奇地……、对……感到惊奇

wonder+(疑问词)+to do 想知道……

Word came that… ……消息传来了。

work at sp. 在……工作

work on sth. 进行……工作

worry about 担心

worse still 更糟糕的是

would like sb. to do 想让某人去做

would prefer to do than do 与其做某事不如做某事

would rather sb. did… 更愿意让某人做……

would rather to do than do 与其做某事不如做某事

write articles for sth. 给……写文章

write articles on (many subjects) 写有关(许多学科)的文章

write down 写下、记下

write sth. for a newspaper 给报纸写文章

Y

year after year 年复一年(不变)

year by year 逐年(有变化)

You’d better do sth. 你最好做……。

You’ve got to… 你非做…不可。


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