【单词】十大魔鬼动词,记准了,2018高考英语至少提高30分!
发布于 5个月前 作者 一只绿色的🍋 3960 次浏览 来自 高考

动词(或谓语结构)是句子的灵魂。无论是对话还是段落,对句意的把握很大程度上依赖对句中谓语结构的理解。看似简单、幼稚的小词只要搭配不同,其含义便有天壤之别。正是这种动词的多变性,给我们的解题带来了巨大干扰,因而掌握和突破这些动词显得犹为重要。

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一. Catch

catch a cold 感冒;受凉

catch fire 着火;变得流行,火起来

catch hold of 抓住

catch on 流行;领会

catch on to 理解

catch one’s breath喘气;休息

catch one’s eye /attention 引人注目/引起注意

catch sight of 看见

catch up with 赶上

二. Come

come along 过来;进展,发展

come along with 随同

come across 偶尔遇见,偶尔发现

come at 袭击;拜见

come by 从旁走过

come around 到来/苏醒,恢复/改变看法或立场

come around / round to 赞成;同意

come back 回来/想起,记起

come by获得,得到;拜访,串门

come between 离间,使分开,使产生隔阂

come down with 因……而病倒;患…病

come down 流传

come to the point 抓住要点

come into contact with 与……接触

come in for 遭到,受到(责备等):The reporter’s work came in for criticism.

come on 发生,赶快

come off 发生,举行 come off it 别傻了,别闹笑话了,别出洋相了

come out 发行;被告知;结果是;公开宣称

come into operation 启用

come to a standstill 停止

come to a stop 停止;到站

come to an end 结束

come to light 真相大白;显露

come true 梦想成真

come through 按要求(或期望)做:I asked for their help, and they came through.我向他们求助,他们就帮了我。

come up to达到;符合;不辜负(live up to)

come up with 提出;赶上

come upon 偶然发现(或遇见)

come a long way 取得进展;明显提高

come all the way 远道而来;大老远跑来

come in handy 迟早有用

come into being 诞生,形成

come out of 从(某场所)出来;出自

come to one’s mind 想起

come to think of it 回头想起

come to an agreement 达成协议

come what may 无论如何

三. Do

do a favor 帮忙

do good to 有益于

do harm to 有害于

do damage 使受到损失

do (one) in 使精疲力竭;杀死

do (one) out of 骗取:His partners did him out of his fair share of the money.他的生意伙伴把他该得的那笔钱骗走了。

do away with 废除;去掉

do (one’s) own thing 做自己最喜欢(最擅长的事)的事

do or die 需要拼命,需要全力以赴

do over 重做,返工;重新装饰(或装修)

do one’s best 竭尽全力

四. Get

get across 穿过;清楚表达;使理解

get accustomed to = get used to 习惯于

get along 进展;相处;度日

get at 暗示;够得着,触及;

get away with 逃脱

get bored doing 厌倦做某事

get by (勉强)对付过去,(勉强)过活;溜走;勉强过得去

get down to 开始处理;开始认真对待

get down 使难过

get hurt 受伤

get one’s hopes up 使某人产生希望

get even with 扯平

get going 开始

get hold of 掌握;了解

get in the way 挡道

get in 进入,被允许进入;到达

get in touch with 与……建立联系

get somewhere/nowhere 有(无)进展

get off the ground 有所进展;突破

get off 被允许离开;逃脱惩罚,逃避义务;

get on one’s nerves 使……心烦

get on 和睦相处;变老;继续,继续进行,进步;

五. Go

go about 流传;开始做(复杂的事);继续

go after 追求;追逐

go along 配合:she decided to go along with their plans for the surprise party.

go around 足够供应,谣言流传;四处走动

go beyond 超出;胜过

go back on 违背(诺言等)

go by 凭……判断;顺便拜访

go down 下降;下跌;消肿;被记住(铭记)

go Dutch 各付个的;AA制

go in (into) 详细调查;从事

go in for 赞成;参加(考试);热衷于

go off 消失;变质;爆炸,发出响声

go off on me 对我发脾气

go on with = go ahead 继续

go out 出去;泄密;过时;停止运转,熄灭;约会

go out of one’s way to do sth.不辞辛苦做…

go over 参观;复习;仔细检查;被接受(得到赞许);

go through 通过;经历;完成

go through with 把…进行到底,完成,实现

go steady (和某人)正式确定恋爱关系

go up 上升;增长;上涨

go under 倒闭,失败,垮掉

go all out 全力以赴;竭尽全力

go out of business 歇业;停业

go without saying 不用说,不言而喻

on the go 忙个不停的

go through a lot of money 花了很多钱

六. Keep

keep an eye on sth. 照看;密切注视

keep in mind 记住

keep in touch with 与……保持联系

keep pace with 与……同步前进

keep off 避开

keep back 隐瞒(信息),拒不告诉;保留,储存

for keeps 永久地

keep on (doing) 继续(做某事)

keep one’s finger crossed 祝……好运

keep (one’s) eyes open or peeled 密切注视

keep (one’s) head above water (通过持续努力)生存,继续;勉强对付

keep track of 追踪;知道;理解

keep (one’s) sanity 保持镇静

keep up with 跟上;继续

keep up one’s spirits 振作精神

keep cool 保持冷静

keep count on 保持联系

keep sth. in mind 把……记在心上

keep sb. from doing sth 阻止某人做某事

keep(sth.)to oneself 不与人交往;保守某事

keep one’s opinion / idea to oneself 不把想法告诉别人

七. Make

make a fuss 大惊小怪;小题大做

make advances 取得进展

make war 发动战争

make an effort 努力

make a night of it 痛快的玩一晚

make a day of it 做了一整天

make a living 谋生

make a comeback 东山再起

make a face 扮鬼脸

make away with 拿走,偷走

make a point of 坚持要

make believe 假装,假扮

make certain 肯定;确认

make do 凑合,将就

make ends meet 收支平衡

make friends 交朋友

make for 有利于,有助于

make it 成功

make light of 认为…不重要

make much of 重视

make the deadline 赶上最后期限

make a fortune = make big bucks 挣大钱

make no difference 毫无区别

make a difference 有影响,有关系

make out 辨认出;理解;填写

make off with (迅速)拿走,偷走

八. Put

put an end to = put a stop to 终止

put aside 撇开

put across 沟通,交流,被理解

put away 把……放回原处;收起来

put by 留存,积蓄

put down 把……记下来;镇压;贬低,看不起;

put forward 提出

put off 延期

put into practice 实践

put on 穿上;上演

put sth. in order 把……弄整齐

put to use 使用

put up举起;安顿;参与;建立

put up with 容忍;忍受

put up to (doing)怂恿,唆使

put out 熄灭;解雇;给…添麻烦,冒犯

put out with 对某人生气

put out by 由于某事而生气

put through to 电话接通

put over on 欺骗,愚弄

九. Take

take action 采取行动

take advantage of 利用

take after 仿效;(相貌、脾气或性格)与…相似,像

take care of 照顾

take effect 生效

take(sb.)for a ride 欺骗,蒙骗(某人)

take charge of 负责;管理

take in 接待;减小,改小;理解,明白;欺骗

take into account = take account of 把……考虑进去

take into consideration 考虑到

take it easy 不要紧张;慢慢来

take it for granted 把……当成理所当然

take measures = take steps 采取措施;步骤

take off 起飞

take one’s time doing sth.从容不迫做某事

take over 接管;接收

have what it takes 有能力,能够

take part in 参加 take potshots at 拐弯抹角地批评,指桑骂槐

take place 代替;发生,出现

take out sth. on sb. 向某人出气

take turns 轮流

take up占有;着手

take a break 休息,放松

take a close look 仔细看一看

十. Turn

turn around 转身

at every turn 到处,时时

in turn 轮流地→(反义)out of turn

turn down 关小;拒绝

turn in = hand in上交

turn into 把……变成

turn off 关闭

turn away 把(某人)打发走 turn blue/green 冻得青紫/羡慕,嫉妒

turn on 打开

turn over 移交;再三考虑;翻转

turn over a new leaf 改变,(尤指)改过自新

turn to 翻到;转向;求助于

turn(one’s) stomach 使恶心;使作呕

turn up 突然发现;找到;出现 turn up (one’s) nose 拒绝

turn out 结果是;培养;生产;打扮


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