【单词】英语不规则动词表,期末考前必须全背会,太重要!
发布于 9个月前 作者 一只绿色的🍋 2070 次浏览 来自 中考

快要期末考试了,还没背熟不规则动词表的同学抓紧时间了啊,期末英语试卷上对不规则动词的考查简直无处不在啊! book.jpg

一. AAA型(原形→原形→原形)

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 read read read 读 cut cut cut 切,割 let let let 让 put put put 放 cost cost cost 花费,值 hit hit hit 撞,击 set set set 安排,安置 hurt hurt hurt 使…伤痛 bet bet bet 赌博,打赌 cast cast cast 抛

二. ABA型(原形→过去式→原形)

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 become became become 成为 come came come 来 run ran run 跑 throw threw thrown 扔

三. ABC型

  1. ow →ew →own

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 blow blew blown 吹 draw drew drawn 画 grow grew grown 生长 know knew known 知道

  1. i→a →u

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 begin began begun 开始 drink drank drunk 喝 sing sang sung 唱 swim swam swum 游泳 ring rang rung 打电话

  1. 原形→过去式→过去式+(e)n

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 wear wore worn 穿 forget forgot forgotten 忘记 speak spoke spoken 说 freeze froze frozen 冻 choose chose chosen 选择 drive drove driven 驾驶 mistake mistook mistaken 误解 rise rose risen 上升 shake shook shaken 摇

  1. 原形→过去式→原形+(e)n

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 eat ate eaten 吃 forbid forbade forbidden 禁止 give gave given 给 ride rode ridden 骑 see saw seen 看见 write wrote written 写 fall fell fallen 落下 break broke broken 打破,折断 forgive forgave forgiven 原谅;宽恕

  1. 无规律

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 am/is was been 是 are were been 是 do did done 做 go went gone 走 take took taken 拿

四. ABB型

  1. 原形→ought →ought

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 bring brought brought 带来 buy bought bought 买 fight fought fought 打架 think thought thought 思考 seek sought sought 寻求

  1. 原形→aught →aught

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 catch caught caught 捉,抓 teach taught taught 教

  1. 变其中一个元音字母

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 feed fed fed 喂 meet met met 遇见 get got got 得到 hold held held 拥有 babysit babysat babysat 临时照看 sit sat sat 坐 win won won 赢 find found found 发现 bend bent bent 使弯曲 dig dug dug 挖 lead led led 引导 sell sold sold 卖

  1. 原形→□t→□t

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 feel felt felt 感到 keep kept kept 保持 leave left left 离开 sleep slept slept 睡 sweep swept swept 扫 smell smelt smelt 闻;发出气味 retell retold retold 复述

  1. 变其中一个辅音字母

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 build built built 建造 hear heard heard 听见 make made made 制造 mean meant meant 意思 send sent sent 送,寄 spend spent spent 花费 deal dealt dealt 处理 rebuild rebuilt rebuilt 重建 lend lent lent 借贷

6.辅音字母和元音字母都变

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 have had had 有,吃 lay laid laid 放置,产卵 lose lost lost 丢失 pay paid paid 付钱 say said said 说 sell sold sold 卖 tell told told 告诉 stand stood stood 站 misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood 误解 shoot shot shot 放炮;开枪 understand understood understood 理解 五. AAB型

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 beat beat beaten 打败

六. 有两种形式

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 bear bore born 生 bore borne hang hanged hanged 吊死 hung hung 挂 learn learned learned 学 learnt learnt lie lied lied 说谎 lay lain 躺 show showed showed 给……看 showed shown spell spelled spelled 拼写 spelt spelt burn burned burned 烧 burnt burnt smell smelled smelled 闻 smelt smelt shine shined shined 照耀 shone shone dream dreamed dreamed 做梦 dreamt dreamt wake waked waked 醒 woke woken hide hid hid 躲藏 hid hidden bite bit bit 咬 bit bitten light lighted lighted 点着 lit lit prove proved proved 证明 proved proven quit quit quit 放弃 quited quited rid rid rid 免除;去掉 ridded ridded saw sawed sawed 锯 sawed sawn sew sewed sewed 缝纫 sewed sown shine shone shone 发光;闪亮 shined shined sink sank sunk 下沉 sank sunken sow sowed sowed 种植 sowed sown spit spat spat 吐 spit spit spring sprang sprung 跳跃 sprung sprung wet wet wet 浸湿;弄湿 wetted wetted

七. 情态动词

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 can could ∕ 能 may might ∕ 也许 must ∕ ∕ 必须 shall should ∕ 将要 will would ∕ 会


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