【词汇】四六级想要拿高分,这77个高级词汇你不能不会!(超详细)
发布于 17天前 作者 kinglism 1670 次浏览 来自 四级

每次四六级前夕,总会有小可爱在后台墙裂要求知米妞多整些作文相关的内容,毕竟作文是可以提分最快的。so这次给大家的超实用干货就是高级替换词2.0版本-不仅给你替换词,例句都给你准备好了~爱我,你怕了嘛!

一、高频形容词

  1. important =crucial ['kruʃəl] 决定性的,重要的 [(+to/for) (extremely important),significant(amount or effect large enough to be important) 例:The way you and I approach today, and each day, is crucial. 我们对待今天以及每一天的方式都是至关重要的。 例:Whether at work or at home, the goal is to engage in activities that are both personally significant and enjoyable. 无论在工作中还是在家里,我们的目标都是从事个人重大的并且令人愉快的活动。

  2. common=universal, ubiquitous [ju’bɪkwətəs] 到处存在的,普遍存在的 (if something is ubiquitous, it seems to be everywhere) 例:Music has been called the universal language. 人们称音乐为世界的语言. 例:Happiness is ubiquitous, may fall short of demand. 幸福无处不在,可还是供不应求.

  3. abundant=ample 大量的,丰富的,充裕的足够的宽敞的,宽大的 (enough and usually extra) 例:He has received ample praise for the work he did. 他所做的工作,使他获得了广泛的赞美。

  4. accurate=precise (precise is exact and accurate in all details) 例:We need to make precise estimate beforehand. 我们需要事先作出准确的估计.

  5. primary=radical(very important and great in degree),fundamental 例:Today, he is still bubbling with new ideas and radical initiatives. 今天,他依然能够冒出新的想法和激进的倡议。 例:The wisdom of human society to develop fundamental. 智慧是人类社会得以发展的根本。

  6. complex=intricate (if something is intricate, it often has many small parts and details) 例:Although the problem is intricate and complex, it can be solved very quickly with an electronic computer. 虽然问题虽然复杂难解,但用电子计算机很快就能解出。

  7. lonely=solitary (if someone is solitary, there is no one near him/her) 例:His childhood was repressed and solitary. 他的童年是压抑而孤独的。

  8. small=minuscule (very small), minute 例:Since speaking parts were mandatory, I had already received the most minuscule role in the entire play. 因为演讲是强制性的,我曾经演过在整个演出当中最为卑微的角色。 例:The minute happiness always stay with you, it is the heaven if you satisfy easily. 微小的幸福就在身边,容易满足就是天堂。

  9. hard-working=assiduous (someone who is assiduous works hard or does things very thoroughly) 例:If you cannot be assiduous, at least in your thought be like a sluggard. 如果你不是勤奋刻苦之人,那么,至少你在你的思想中犹如游手好闲之徒。

  10. difficult=arduous (if something is arduous, it is difficult and tiring, and involves a lot of efforts) 例:Although the work was arduous, he finished it in a short time. 虽然这项工作很费力,他仍然很快就做完了。

  11. fragile=brittle, vulnerable (someone who is vulnerable is easily hurt emotionally or physically) 例:He has a brittle temper. 他脾气急。 例:How does the UN defend vulnerable groups in society? 联合国如何保护社会中的弱势群体?

  12. big=massive (large in size, quantity, or extent), colossal (use this word, you emphasize something’s large), tremendous 例:The temple is supported by massive columns. 此庙由粗大的柱子支撑。 例:It requires government spending on a colossal scale. 这要求政府付出巨额开支。 例:He has a tremendous hold over his younger brother. 他对他弟弟很有影响。

  13. fair=impartial(someone who is impartial is able to give a fair opinion or decision on something.) 例:He was not an impartial witness because of his affinity with the accused. 他不是公正的见证人, 因为他与被告有姻亲关系.

  14. forever=perpetual(a perpetual state never changes), immutable (something immutable will never change or be changed) 例:A contented mind is a perpetual feast. 【谚】知足长乐。 例:An immutable class is one whose instances cannot be modified. 一个不可变类是指其实例不可修改的类。

  15. helpful=favorable ['feɪvərəbl], beneficial [benɪ’fɪʃ(ə)l],rewarding [rɪ’wɔːdɪŋ] 例:Such events occur only when the external conditions are favorable. 这种事情只有在外部条件有利时才会发生。 例:It can be beneficial to share your feelings with someone you trust. 向自己信任的人倾诉感情是很有益处的。 例:It is a very rewarding exercise to work this out oneself. 独自解决这个问题是一次受益匪浅的锻炼。

  16. famous= renowned [rɪ’naʊnd] ,noticeable ['nəʊtɪsəb(ə)l] ,notable ['nəʊtəb(ə)l] 例:The region is renowned for its outstanding natural beauty. 该地区以其无以伦比的自然风景闻名于世。 例:The class has made noticeable improvement. 这个班已有引人注目的进步。 例:The book stands out as one of the notable landmarks in the progress of modern science. 这部著作是现代科学发展史上著名的里程碑之一。

  17. reasonable=sound, rational,sensible 例:She gave me some very sound advice. 她给了我一些非常合理的建议。 例:There is no rational explanation for his actions. 对他的所作所为无法作出合理的解释。 例:It would seem more sensible to apply standards flexibly rather than rigidly. 灵活地运用标准比死守标准会显得更合情合理。

  18. brave=courageous [kə’reɪdʒəs] ,bold ,fearless ['fɪəlɪs] 例:The pioneers are courageous indeed, overcoming one difficulty after another. 这些开拓者的确有勇气, 他们克服了一个又一个的困难。 例:Big, successful moves need bold, masterful managers. 重大而成功的举措需要既大胆又善于控制局势的经理来实施。 例:To go in for technical innovation, one must have the fearless spirit of a path breaker. 搞技术革新就要有一股不怕困难的闯劲。

19.energetic=dynamic [daɪ’næmɪk],vigorous ['vɪg(ə)rəs],animated ['ænɪmeɪtɪd] 例:South Asia continues to be the most dynamic economic region in the world. 南亚仍然是世界上最具活力的经济区。 例:We urge vigorous action to be taken immediately. 我们强烈要求立即采取有力措施。 例:His observations gave rise to an animated and lively discussion. 他的言论引起了一场气氛热烈而活跃的讨论。

  1. good=excellent ,outstanding,extraordinary,remarkable 例:She has always had a high reputation for her excellent short stories. 她一直因其优秀的短篇小说享有很高的声望。 例:The girl who won the scholarship was quite outstanding. 得奖学金的女孩是相当优秀的。 例:Her strength of will was extraordinary. 她的意志力是非凡的。 例:The economic diplomacy of China is characterized by distinctive features and remarkable achievements. 中国的经济外交具有鲜明的特点和卓越的成就。

二、高频动词

  1. avoid=shun (if someone shuns something, she/he deliberately avoid that or keep away from it.) 例:Wise men love truth, whereas fools shun it. 【谚】智者热爱真理,愚者回避真理。

  2. dislike=abhor (abhor means you hate something to a extreme extent for moral reasons),loathe(dislike very much) 例:I abhor advertising that is blatant, dull, or dishonest. 我痛恨那些华而不实、平淡无奇、或自欺欺人的广告。 例:I behold the treacherous and loathe them, Because they do not keep your word. 我看见奸恶的人、就甚憎恶、因为他们不遵守你的话。

  3. ruin=devastate (it means damage something very badly, or utterly destroy it.) 例:She was devastated by his death. 她因他去世而悲痛欲绝。

  4. enlarge=magnify (magnify means make something larger than it really is) 例:He tried to magnify the part he played in the battle. 他想夸大他在那场战斗中所起的作用。

  5. show=demonstrate(to demonstrate a fact means to make it clear to people.) 例:I hope to demonstrate my ability and talents in my field adequately. 我希望能充分展示我在这个行业的能力和智慧。

  6. force=coerces[koʊˈɜ:rs] into (coerce means you make someone do something s/he does not want to), compel 例:After a period of time, her mother coerces her into attending piano lessons. 经过一段时间后,她母亲强迫她去上钢琴课。 例:I should assign you your share of labour, and compel you to accomplish it. 我要把属于你的那一份劳动分配给你,并且强迫你完成它。

  7. relieve=alleviate(alleviate means you make pain or sufferings less intense or severe) 例:If where depressed when alleviate with the simplest way the mood? 如何在郁闷的时候以最简单的方式缓解心情?

  8. complain=grumble[ˈɡrʌmbəl] (complain something in a bad-tempered way) 例:And householders generally grumble a lot if they have to pay extra to have their rubbish collected. 假如居民们不得不支付额外费用用于垃圾收集,他们会抱怨很多。

  9. insult=humiliate (do something or say something which makes people feel ashamed or stupid) 例:He felt humiliated when the teacher scolded him in front of the whole class. 老师在全班同学面前批评他使他感到羞辱。

  10. build=erect (you can erect something as buildings, FORMAL), establish 例:They erected their tent at the foot of the mountain. 他们在山脚下支起了帐篷。 例:I want to establish myself in the team. 我想要尽快确立自己在队内的位置。

  11. blame=condemn (if you condemn something, you say it is very bad and unacceptable) 例:We condemned him for his bad conduct. 我们责备他行为不检点。

  12. pursue=woo (man woos woman, old-fashioned), seek (if you seek sth, you try to obtain it. ) 例:He wooed and won her. 他向她求爱成功而结婚。 例:Older people may seek their own friends rather than become too emotionally dependent on their children. 老年人可以找自己的朋友而不会在情感上太依赖他们的子女。

  13. solve=tackle,cope with, dispose of 例:I don’t know how to tackle this problem. 我不知道该如何处理这个问题。 例:We have taken on extra staff to cope with the increased workload. 我们已经额外雇用员工来应付增加了的工作量。 例:You did us a great favor by disposing of that problem. 你解决了那个问题,可算是帮了我们一个大忙。

  14. encourage=motivate,stimulate,inspire 例:Stock options are a good way to motivate employees to work harder. 股票选择权是激励员工更努力工作的好方法。 例:They counted on foreign investment to stimulate their economy. 他们想依靠外国投资来刺激他们的经济。 例:Her work didn’t’ exactly inspire me with confidence. 她的工作并没有真正的使我产生信心。

  15. cause=result in,give rise to, trigger(to make something happen suddenly 例:The flood resulted in a considerable reduction in production. 这次洪水造成相当大的减产。 例:So many things concurred to give rise to the problem. 许多事情同时发生而导致了这一问题。 例:The current recession was triggered by a slump in consumer spending. 目前的经济衰退是由消费支出骤跌引起的。

  16. finish=fulfill, accomplish, complete 例:Unless we make a move soon, we shall not be able to fulfill our plan. 如果不赶快采取行动, 我们就不能完成计划了。 例:Though the task was difficult, they managed to accomplish it in time. 尽管任务困难, 他们仍按时完成了。 例:He pulled out all the stops to complete the work in time. 他竭尽全力及时完成了工作。

  17. support=advocate,argue for, in favour of 例:We advocate solving international dispute by negotiation, instead of appealing to arms. 我们主张通过协商解决国际争端, 而不主张诉诸武力。 例:Do directors see new risks that argue for a different approach? 董事们有没有看到可能支持不同做法的新风险? 例:The majority voted in favor of the proposal. 多数人投票赞成这项提案。

  18. object=argue against, be opposed to,frown on 例:Three considerations argue against increasing fee. 三种理由反对增加费用。 例:Mr. Clarke has shown himself to be resolutely opposed to compromise. 克拉克先生已表示自己坚决反对妥协。 例:He would frown on such a proposal. 他不会赞成这样的建议。

  19. think=deem,reckon,maintain 例:I deem it advisable to purchase the shares in the railway now. 我认为现在购买铁路股票是明智的。 例: I reckon she has good reason to feel smug. 我认为她洋洋得意必有其缘故。 例: She maintains that the accusation is groundless. 她坚称该指控是毫无根据的。

  20. improve =enhance, boost , elevate 例:They’ll be keen to enhance their reputation abroad. 他们会非常渴望提高他们在国外的声誉。 例:We need a big win to boost our confidence. 我们需要大胜一场来增强信心。 例:Good books may elevate the mind. 好书可以提高思想修养。

三、高频名词

  1. enthusiasm=zeal (a great enthusiasm), fervency (sincere and enthusiasm) 例:He shows zeal for knowledge. 他渴望知识。 例:I’m a optimism , goodness, devoted, flame, fervency, i hope you are devoted too. 为人乐观,热情,忠诚于每一个朋友,同样,我也希望每一位朋友还以真诚。

  2. surprise=startle (it means surprise you slightly),astound(surprise you to a large degree),astonish(the same as astound) 例:The least noise would startle the timid child. 最小的响声也会吓着这个胆小的孩子的。 例:These places continue to astound me every time I step off the plane or train. 每一次当我迈下飞机或火车时,眼前的景象都会让我感到震撼不已。 例:She astonished me with her beautiful handwriting. 她以其秀丽的书法而使我惊异。

  3. praise=extol (stronger than praise),compliment (polite and political) 例:He keeps extolling her goodness. 他对她的善良赞不绝口。 例:I feel greatly flattered at his compliment. 他的赞美使我大感受宠若惊。

  4. competitor=rival, opponent (especially in sports and politics) 例:Tom and I were rivals for the job. 汤姆和我是这次求职的竞争对手。 例:Never underestimate your opponent. 千万不要低估对手。

  5. blame=condemn (if you condemn something, you say it is very bad and unacceptable) 例:We condemned him for his bad conduct. 我们责备他行为不检点。

  6. opinon=perspective, standpoint (means looking at an event or situation in a particular way) 例:But from my perspective, it still was not good enough. 但是从我的角度来说它还不是很好。 例:Has the matter been viewed from his standpoint? 这事已从他的立场加以观察了吗?

7.fame=prestige (describe those who are admired), reputation 例:The old universities of Oxford and Cambridge still have a lot of prestige. 历史悠久的牛津大学和剑桥大学仍然享有很高的声望。 例:He spotted his reputation by lying repeatedly. 他因反复说谎而败坏了自己的名声。

  1. thing = business, issue, affair 例:I’ve got some unfinished business to attend to. 我还有一些未完的事要处理。 例: Is it right for the Church to express a view on political issues?
    教会对政治问题发表看法是否恰当? 例:The government has mishandled the whole affair. 政府对整个事件处理不当。

  2. advantage = virtue, merit ['merɪt] , benefit ['benɪfɪt] 例:The chair has the virtue of being adjustable. 这种椅子具有可调节的优点。 例:They have been persuaded of the merits of peace. 他们被劝服,认识到了和平的好处。 例:The benefit of an x-ray far outweighs the minutely increased risk of cancer. X光检查的好处远远大于其在很小程度上增加的罹患癌症的风险。

10.disadvantage=shortcoming, drawback, defect, demerit [diː’merɪt] 例:Marriages usually break down as a result of the shortcomings of both partners. 婚姻常因为配偶双方的缺点而破裂。
例:He felt the apartment’s only drawback was that it was too small. 他觉得这个公寓唯一的缺点就是太小了。 例:A report has pointed out the defects of the present system. 一份报告指出了当前体制存在的毛病。 例:he committee are looking at the merits and demerits of the proposal. 委员会正在评判该提议的优缺点。

11. ability=capacity,capability [keɪpə’bɪlɪtɪ] ,competence ['kɒmpɪt(ə)ns] 例:Her mental capacity and temperament are as remarkable as his. 她的才智和气质和他一样出众。 例:Organizing a whole department is beyond his capability. 他难以胜任组织整个部门的任务。 例:This mess is a poor reflection on his competence. 这种混乱情况说明他难当此任。

  1. top=climax,peak [piːk] ,zenith ['zɛnɪθ]
    例:It was the climax to 24 hours of growing anxiety.
    24 小时里不断加重的焦虑在那一刻达到顶点。 例:Traffic reaches its peak between 8 and 9 in the morning. 上午 8、9 点钟之间是交通高峰期。 例:His career is now at its zenith. 他的事业现在处于鼎盛时期。

四、褒义表达

  1. 认为…很重要;很重视… stress the significance of sth. emphasize the importance of place great value on sth. lay great emphasis on sth.
  2. 提高…的可能性 enhance the likelihood of/that…
  3. 值得去做…
    It is worthwhile to…
  4. …是…的好手段…
    is a good vehicle for …
  5. …是无法替代的
    There is no substitute for …
  6. 怎样说…的重要性也不为过 It is hard to overstate the significance of
  7. 使某人处于有优势的地位 put sb.in a favorable position in doing sth.
  8. 使某人具有做…的能力
    equip sb.with (the ability of…)
  9. 为…做准备(铺路) pave the way to …
  10. 倾向于做…
    be inclined to do
  11. 提供支持 lend some credence to …
  12. 给与…动力 provide necessary impetus for …

五、贬义表达

  1. 受到…的负面影响 be negatively affected by
  2. 对…有负面的影响
    have/exert a negative/unfavorable impact on
  3. 如此种种,并不表示…
    All this should not imply that…
  4. …不是解决某问题的万能良药…
    is not a panacea for …
  5. 容易成为…的受害者(多用比喻) be likely to fall prey to
  6. 与…背道而驰
    run contrary to
  7. 对…造成威胁 pose a great threat to…
  8. 成为…的牺牲品 fall prey to…
  9. 与…不一致/不协调
    be incompatible with …
  10. 与…无关 have little bearing on
  11. 对…不利
    cast a blight on
  12. 剥夺了某人…的机会/权利
    deprive sb. of the chances/rights to…
  13. 在…方面施加限制 impose restriction on…

更多精彩学习资料,请关注知米英语资讯平台 微信公众平台:知米背单词 (微信号:ZhimiEnglish)- 新浪微博:知米背单词 百度贴吧:知米背单词

回到顶部