【语法】10天掌握英语语法-Day 9
发布于 1个月前 作者 kinglism 690 次浏览 来自 中考

好啦,直接进入今天的主题:非限定性定语从句。 限制性定语从句对被修饰的先行词有限定制约作用,使该词的含义更具体,更明确。 比如咱们之前举的例子:A job which meets one’s interest is a perfect job.去掉定语从句,变成酱紫:A job is a perfect job.

鬼知道我在说什么啊!So,限制性定语从句不能被省略,否则句意就不完整。 而非限制性定语从句与先行词关系不十分密切,只是对其作一些附加说明,不起限定制约作用。如果省去,主句的意义仍然完整。 比如酱紫:I do not like to watch television programs, which are full of advertisements.去掉从句,这意思仍然是很容易get的呀。 再来感受一个例句: Teenagers spend too much time in front of computers, which is harmful for their health.青少年在电脑上花费了太多时间,这对他们的健康有害。 你能判断出这个定语从句的先行词吗? ↓ ↓ ↓ 是Teenagers spend too much time in front of computers这个句子。从意思上也可以判断,是这件事情带给青少年危害。 呐,有些同学要反驳了,computers作为先行词也说得通啊。意思上当然没问题!可是computers是复数,从句的谓语动词是is,不成立! 划重点咯:先行词是前面整个句子的时候(往往由which引导),我们将其看作是一个整体,此时从句的谓语动词用单三。

补充:先行词为前面整个句子的情况,which并不是一枝独秀。还有功能词届的大佬:as。请认准这两个,别的情况没有。那他们有啥区别嘞?

  1. as引导定语从句时,具有“正如”的意思,翻译时有时可不必译出。带着这个意思,as几乎与一些动词形成了固定的结构,比如你们常见的as we all know,as is reported,as is often the case等等。此外,as引导的此类从句可以置于句首、句中或句尾,可以说是灵活自如了~ The famous magician Liu Qian, as we all know, is from Taiwan. 众所周知,著名魔术师刘谦是台湾人。
  2. which的话,指前面主句所提到的一件事时,常译为“这一点,这件事”等。这时它所引导的从句与主句之间常暗含并列、因果关系。此外,它引导的从句不像as那样位置灵活,它只能位于主句的后面。 如:He changed his mind again, which made us all angry. 他又改变了主意,这使我们大家都生气了。

ok,那么到这个地方为止,我把定语从句的重点内容都梳理完啦,当然我告诉你们的都是比较基础的内容,就像我高中学习的数学公式,往往做题的时候才发现,明明题目比原理难多了,那别无他法,practice more!

来来来,做题啦~(答案明天评论区见~)

  1. Jim passed the driving test, ______ surprised everybody in the office.
  2. Luckily, we’d brought a road map without ______ we would have lost our way.
  3. The first thing _____ should be done is to get the tickets.
  4. That’s the most expensive hotel_____ we’ve ever stayed in.
  5. That’s the most expensive hotel_______we’ve ever stayed.
  6. The guests spoke highly of the children and their performances ___ they saw.
  7. Last month, part of Southeast Asia was struck by floods, from _______ effects the people are still suffering.
  8. _____ is often the case, we have to work hard to be successful.
  9. This is the chief reason______ we did it. 10.His father works in a factory_________ radio parts are made.
  10. John said he’d been working in the office for an hour, _______ was true.
  11. Do you still remember the chicken farm _____ we visited three months ago?
  12. I was in Beijing on the day_____ he arrived.
  13. Do you know the boy ______ she was talking?
  14. The factory produces half a million pairs of shoes every year, 80% are sold abroad.

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