【词汇】10大魔鬼动词,记准了,2018高考英语至少提高30分!
发布于 1个月前 作者 一只绿色的🍋 2164 次浏览 来自 高考

1.jpg 动词(或谓语结构)是句子的灵魂。无论是对话还是段落,对句意的把握很大程度上依赖对句中谓语结构的理解。看似简单、幼稚的小词只要搭配不同,其含义便有天壤之别。正是这种动词的多变性,给我们的解题带来了巨大干扰,因而掌握和突破这些动词显得犹为重要

  1. Catch catch a cold 感冒;受凉 catch fire 着火;变得流行,火起来 catch hold of 抓住 catch on 流行;领会 catch on to 理解 catch one’s breath喘气;休息 catch one’s eye /attention 引人注目/引起注意 catch sight of 看见 catch up with 赶上
  1. Come come along 过来;进展,发展 come along with 随同 come across 偶尔遇见,偶尔发现 come at 袭击;拜见 come by 从旁走过 come around 到来/苏醒,恢复/改变看法或立场 come around / round to 赞成;同意 come back 回来/想起,记起 come by获得,得到;拜访,串门 come between 离间,使分开,使产生隔阂 come down with 因……而病倒;患…病 come down 流传 come to the point 抓住要点 come into contact with 与……接触 come in for 遭到,受到(责备等):The reporter’s work came in for criticism. come on 发生,赶快 come off 发生,举行 come off it 别傻了,别闹笑话了,别出洋相了 come out 发行;被告知;结果是;公开宣称 come into operation 启用 come to a standstill 停止 come to a stop 停止;到站 come to an end 结束 come to light 真相大白;显露 come true 梦想成真 come through 按要求(或期望)做:I asked for their help, and they came through.我向他们求助,他们就帮了我。 come up to达到;符合;不辜负(live up to) come up with 提出;赶上 come upon 偶然发现(或遇见) come a long way 取得进展;明显提高 come all the way 远道而来;大老远跑来 come in handy 迟早有用 come into being 诞生,形成 come out of 从(某场所)出来;出自 come to one’s mind 想起 come to think of it 回头想起 come to an agreement 达成协议 come what may 无论如何

  2. Do do a favor 帮忙 do good to 有益于 do harm to 有害于 do damage 使受到损失 do (one) in 使精疲力竭;杀死 do (one) out of 骗取:His partners did him out of his fair share of the money.他的生意伙伴把他该得的那笔钱骗走了。 do away with 废除;去掉 do (one’s) own thing 做自己最喜欢(最擅长的事)的事 do or die 需要拼命,需要全力以赴 do over 重做,返工;重新装饰(或装修) do one’s best 竭尽全力

  3. Get get across 穿过;清楚表达;使理解 get accustomed to = get used to 习惯于 get along 进展;相处;度日 get at 暗示;够得着,触及; get away with 逃脱 get bored doing 厌倦做某事 get by (勉强)对付过去,(勉强)过活;溜走;勉强过得去 get down to 开始处理;开始认真对待
    get down 使难过 get hurt 受伤 get one’s hopes up 使某人产生希望 get even with 扯平 get going 开始 get hold of 掌握;了解 get in the way 挡道
    get in 进入,被允许进入;到达 get in touch with 与……建立联系 get somewhere/nowhere 有(无)进展 get off the ground 有所进展;突破
    get off 被允许离开;逃脱惩罚,逃避义务; get on one’s nerves 使……心烦 get on 和睦相处;变老;继续,继续进行,进步;

  4. Go go about 流传;开始做(复杂的事);继续 go after 追求;追逐 go along 配合:she decided to go along with their plans for the surprise party. go around 足够供应,谣言流传;四处走动 go beyond 超出;胜过 go back on 违背(诺言等) go by 凭……判断;顺便拜访 go down 下降;下跌;消肿;被记住(铭记) go Dutch 各付个的;AA制 go in (into) 详细调查;从事 go in for 赞成;参加(考试);热衷于 go off 消失;变质;爆炸,发出响声 go off on me 对我发脾气 go on with = go ahead 继续 go out 出去;泄密;过时;停止运转,熄灭;约会 go out of one’s way to do sth.不辞辛苦做… go over 参观;复习;仔细检查;被接受(得到赞许); go through 通过;经历;完成 go through with 把…进行到底,完成,实现 go steady (和某人)正式确定恋爱关系 go up 上升;增长;上涨 go under 倒闭,失败,垮掉 go all out 全力以赴;竭尽全力 go out of business 歇业;停业 go without saying 不用说,不言而喻 on the go 忙个不停的 go through a lot of money 花了很多钱

  5. Keep keep an eye on sth. 照看;密切注视 keep in mind 记住 keep in touch with 与……保持联系 keep pace with 与……同步前进 keep off 避开 keep back 隐瞒(信息),拒不告诉;保留,储存 for keeps 永久地 keep on (doing) 继续(做某事) keep one’s finger crossed 祝……好运 keep (one’s) eyes open or peeled 密切注视 keep (one’s) head above water (通过持续努力)生存,继续;勉强对付 keep track of 追踪;知道;理解 keep (one’s) sanity 保持镇静 keep up with 跟上;继续 keep up one’s spirits 振作精神 keep cool 保持冷静 keep count on 保持联系 keep sth. in mind 把……记在心上 keep sb. from doing sth 阻止某人做某事 keep(sth.)to oneself 不与人交往;保守某事 keep one’s opinion / idea to oneself 不把想法告诉别人

  6. Make make a fuss 大惊小怪;小题大做 make advances 取得进展 make war 发动战争 make an effort 努力 make a night of it 痛快的玩一晚 make a day of it 做了一整天 make a living 谋生 make a comeback 东山再起 make a face 扮鬼脸 make away with 拿走,偷走 make a point of 坚持要 make believe 假装,假扮 make certain 肯定;确认 make do 凑合,将就 make ends meet 收支平衡 make friends 交朋友 make for 有利于,有助于 make it 成功 make light of 认为…不重要 make much of 重视 make the deadline 赶上最后期限 make a fortune = make big bucks 挣大钱 make no difference 毫无区别 make a difference 有影响,有关系 make out 辨认出;理解;填写 make off with (迅速)拿走,偷走

  7. Put put an end to = put a stop to 终止 put aside 撇开 put across 沟通,交流,被理解 put away 把……放回原处;收起来 put by 留存,积蓄 put down 把……记下来;镇压;贬低,看不起; put forward 提出 put off 延期 put into practice 实践 put on 穿上;上演 put sth. in order 把……弄整齐 put to use 使用 put up举起;安顿;参与;建立 put up with 容忍;忍受
    put up to (doing)怂恿,唆使 put out 熄灭;解雇;给…添麻烦,冒犯 put out with 对某人生气 put out by 由于某事而生气 put through to 电话接通 put over on 欺骗,愚弄

  8. Take take action 采取行动 take advantage of 利用 take after 仿效;(相貌、脾气或性格)与…相似,像 take care of 照顾 take effect 生效 take(sb.)for a ride 欺骗,蒙骗(某人) take charge of 负责;管理 take in 接待;减小,改小;理解,明白;欺骗 take into account = take account of 把……考虑进去 take into consideration 考虑到 take it easy 不要紧张;慢慢来 take it for granted 把……当成理所当然 take measures = take steps 采取措施;步骤 take off 起飞 take one’s time doing sth.从容不迫做某事 take over 接管;接收 have what it takes 有能力,能够 take part in 参加 take potshots at 拐弯抹角地批评,指桑骂槐 take place 代替;发生,出现 take out sth. on sb. 向某人出气 take turns 轮流 take up占有;着手 take a break 休息,放松 take a close look 仔细看一看

  9. Turn turn around 转身 at every turn 到处,时时 in turn 轮流地→(反义)out of turn turn down 关小;拒绝 turn in = hand in上交 turn into 把……变成 turn off 关闭 turn away 把(某人)打发走 turn blue/green 冻得青紫/羡慕,嫉妒 turn on 打开 turn over 移交;再三考虑;翻转 turn over a new leaf 改变,(尤指)改过自新 turn to 翻到;转向;求助于 turn(one’s) stomach 使恶心;使作呕 turn up 突然发现;找到;出现 turn up (one’s) nose 拒绝 turn out 结果是;培养;生产;打扮


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