【写作】99%的学生都不知道英文标点符号的正确打开方式
发布于 1个月前 作者 kinglism 582 次浏览 来自 四级

标点符号是英文表达的重要组成部分,然而很多学生都忽视了这一点,甚至将中英文标点混淆。 知米妞偷偷告诉大家,一些英文考试中,比如托福写作,标点符号使用错误也是会被扣分的噢,所以为了不让大家在这样的细节问题上栽跟头,今天我们一起捋一捋关于标点符号的那些事儿~ 你看我,事无巨细的为你们操碎了心!!!

追本溯源来看,传统的中文是没有标点的,需要读者自行断句分词(也就是所谓的“句读”)。现代中文的标点其实从英文借鉴而来,所以中英文的标点与许多是相似的,以下列出常见的中英文标点符号。 英文最常见标点符号有:句号、逗号、问号、分号、冒号、引号 下面分别一一介绍:

句号 英文名:full stop/period 正确打开方式 1.The period marks the end of a sentence. 句号用于一句话完全结束时。 2.The period is used with most abbreviations. 句号也可以用于英文单词的缩写,如Mrs., Dr., P.S. 等。但要注意的是当缩写的字母形成了一个单词的时候就不要使用句点。如IBM, DNA 等。 3.Three spaced periods indicate the omission of one of more words within a quoted passage. 占三个位置的句号(也就是省略号)通常用来表示省略。

逗号 英文名:comma 正确打开方式 1.Use commas to separate three or more words, phrases, or clauses written in a series. 逗号用于分隔一系列的单词词组或者句子,如I will go to Shanghai,Beijing, and Shenzhen. 2.Use commas to separate two or more coordinate adjectives that describe the same noun. Be sure never to add an extra comma between the final adjective and the noun itself or to use commas with non-coordinate adjectives. 逗号用于修饰名词的多个形容词之间,但是最后一个形容词和名词之间以及非并列的形容词之间,无需加逗号。如a small, fancy bike 3.Use commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. 逗号用于连接两个独立子句,句子之间通常用and,but,for等连词连接,而且每个句子的主语不同。如The Grizzlies were out of timeouts, and Miller missed a desperation 3-pointer as time expired. 4.Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause.逗号用于主句内容之前。如Since he’s your younger brother, please take care of him. 5.逗号用于一个较长的修饰短语之后,如In the middle of the coldest winter on record, the pipes froze. 6.Use a comma to shift between the main discourse and a quotation. 逗号用于直接引用的句子之前,如Mary said, “Let’s go fishing.” 7.逗号用于反问句之前。如:He worked very hard, didn’t he?

问号 英文名:question mark 正确打开方式 问号要用在一个直接的问句,而不是间接的。如How will you solve the problem? 是正确的用法,但用在I wonder how you will solve the problem?就不对了,应该使用句点而不是问号。 另外,在客气的用语中,也是用句点而不是问号.如Will you please give me a call tomorrow.

分号 英文名:semicolon 正确打开方式 1.The semicolon is used between two coordinate clauses not linked by a conjunction (and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet) 分号用于两个并列句子之间,句子之间无需连词。分号将句子划分为两层意思,但不及句号对句子划分得那么绝对。比如No one is born with knowledge; knowledge must be taught and learned. 另外,在使用诸如however, therefore, hence, nevertheless, thus, moreover等词时,可与分号一起使用但不可与逗号一起使用。如I realize I need exercise; however, I’ll lie down first to think about it. 2.The semicolon is used to separate a series of items which contain internal commas. 在句子中如果已经使用过逗号,为了避免歧义的产生,就用分号来分隔相似的内容。如:The employees were Tom Hanks, the manager; Jim White, the engineer; and Dr. Jack Lee.

冒号 英文名:colon 正确打开方式 1.冒号用于对后面内容的介绍或解释,如This is her plan: go shopping. 2.冒号用于名单之前,特别是一个竖排的名单。 We transferred three employees to new branches: • Tony Wang to New York City • Mike Jackson to Tokyo • Mark Foster to Paris 当名单横排的时候,冒号要用在一个完整的句子之后,如We need seven people: three students, three engineers, and a professor. 3.冒号用于一个正式的引用之前。如The professor said: “It was horrible.” 4.冒号也可用于商业或正式信函的称谓后面,如Dear Mr. Lee:(美国英语中,信件或演说词的称呼语之后用冒号,而在英国英语中多用逗号。) 5.冒号用于数字时间的表示,如16:45 或4:45 p.m. 6.冒号用于主标题和副标题之间,如Web Directory: World and Non-U.S. Economic Data

引号 英文名:Quotation Marks 正确打开方式 引号分单引号(single quotation marks) 和双引号(double quotation marks) 。单引号只用在一个直接引语中所含有的另一个直接引语上。 1.表示直接引语。句号和逗号必须置于引号(双引号和单引号) 之内。“Well, ”the foreigner said to him ,“ you look like an engineer. ”冒号与分号必置于引号外。He told the gunman ,“I refuse to do that ”;his knees , however , were shaking even as he said those words. She called this schedule of activities her “load ”:work , study , exercise , recreation , and sleep. 问号、感叹号和破折号有时置于引号之内, 有时置于外号之外。如果所引内容本身是疑问句或感叹句或带有破折号, 问号、感叹号或破折号一般放在引号之内。否则,放在引号之外。 The teacher asked , “Could you understand me”? Did the teacher ask ,“Have they gone”? Did the teacher ask ,“They have gone ?” The frightened girl screamed ,“Help”! The fellow only said ,“Sorry !” He interrupted me , “Now , listen”——and went on saying. 2.标明短篇出版物的标题, 诸如杂志、报纸上的文章、短诗、短篇故事和整部书的某一章节。 Have you read“The Old Man and the Sea”? Chapter three is entitled“The Internet . ” 3.表示所用的词语具有特殊意义。另外,当俚语出现在较正式的文章中, 也用引号引起来, 以表示文风的有意转变。 The report contained the“facts”of the case. The speaker owns a“fat farm”in California , which slims down rich overeaters for $2 , 500 a week. 4.用于表示引起读者注意的词语, 或读者不熟悉的特殊词语。 It is customary to say“You are welcome” whenever anyone says“Thank you. ” “SOS”is a message for help from a ship or aircraft when in danger.

看完这些内容之后,你们有没有get到英文标点符号的正确打开方式呢!记得在实践中检验噢~ 最后的温馨提示:英文标点符号之后一般必须空格!


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