【语法】2018高考英语语法专练:构词法
发布于 2个月前 作者 kinglism 995 次浏览 来自 高考

构词法包括转化、派生和合成三种形式,今天我们就以练习的方式来具体学习一下吧!

Ⅰ.根据语境,用所给词的适当形式填空 1.It is illegal(legal) to drive after drinking alcohol in most countries. 解析:句意:大多数国家,酒后开车违法。 2.Misleading (lead) advertisements are not allowed by law. 解析:句意:法律不允许误导的广告。 3.It is unreasonable(reasonable)to stick to this absurd proposal. 解析:句意:坚持这种荒谬的建议是不合理的。 4.You must be illiterate(literate) if you have not heard of Shakespeare. 解析:句意:如果你没听说过莎士比亚,那你一定很无知。 5.There exists the imbalance(balance) between the rich and poor countries. 解析:句意:富国与穷国之间存在着不平衡。 6.Her illness had made her completely immobile(mobile). 解析:句意:她的病使得她完全不能活动了。 7.His identity is unknown(know) to us so we have to confirm. 解析:句意:他的身份为我们所不知,所以我们得证实。 8.He seems to be unaware(aware)of the trouble he is making. 解析:句意:他似乎不知道他正造成的麻烦。 9.Jim is impatient(patient)with his little sister who is so noisy. 解析:句意:吉姆对他吵闹的小妹妹不耐烦。 10.The unexpected(expect)death of her son made her sad. 解析:句意:她儿子意外死亡让她很悲伤。 11.Running a business without a budget(预算) is impractical(practical). 解析:句意:经营生意而没有预算是不实际的。 12.The government disclosed(close) that another ambassador had been arrested for spying. 解析:句意:政府公开另一个外交大使因间谍罪被逮捕。 13.The bright dress is improper(proper)for a funeral. 解析:句意:鲜艳的衣服不合适参加葬礼。 14.This delay was unavoidable(avoidable)so we had to be patient. 解析:句意:延迟不可避免,所以我们得耐心。 15.His income is inadequate(adequate) to meet his basic needs and he has to find another job. 解析:句意:他的收入不足以满足基本要求,他得再找份工作。 16.Students get a discount(count)of 25% on plane tickets. 解析:句意:学生享有25%的机票折扣。 17.The water is unfit(fit)for drinking and you have to go without water. 解析:句意:这水不适宜饮用,你只能不喝水了。 18.It’s dishonest(honesty)to lie about one’s age. 解析:句意:谎报自己的年龄是不诚实的。 19.The injured man was incapable(capable)of walking, so he had to be carried. 解析:句意:那个受伤的人不能走路,所以他得被人背着。 20.He was unable(ability)to sleep at night because of his anxiety. 解析:句意:由于焦虑,晚上他不能入睡。 Ⅱ. 用所给词的正确形式填空 1.The Chinese people are very friendly(friend) to foreigners. 解析:空处应填friend的形容词形式。 2.I think it’ll be sunny(sun)this afternoon. 解析:空处应填形容词作表语。 3.David moved cautiously(caution) forward. 解析:句意:大卫小心翼翼地往前挪。 4.Without reform, social and economic problems can only be worse(bad). 解析:句意:没有改革,社会和经济问题只会每况愈下。 5.The teacher gave them instructions(instruct)to arrive early tomorrow morning. 解析:句意:老师命令他们明天早晨要早到。 6.Excessive dosage(剂量)of this drug can result in injury(injure)to the liver. 解析:名词injury表示“伤害”。 7.“Thank you.” is a polite expression(express) which is widely used in English. 解析:a polite expression表示“一种礼貌的表达”。 8.He bravely(brave)went into the burning house to rescue the baby. Everybody present praised him for his bravery(brave). 解析:第一空用副词修饰动词;第二空前有物主代词his,后面用名词。 9.Most Chinese like drinking tea, while Americans(America) like coffee. 解析:Americans与前一句中Chinese相呼应。 10.More and more people go in for sports in modern times(time). 解析:in modern/ancient times“在现代/古代”,为固定搭配。 11.Nice to meet you, Tom. Did you have a good flight(fly)? 解析:形容词后接名词。 12.Too much hunting endangered(danger) many species in the past. 解析:动词作谓语,根据in the past可知用一般过去时。 13.Harry Potter is a boy who is full of imagination(imagine). 解析:名词imagination表示“想象力”。 14.After graduation/graduating(graduate), he left China for America for further study. 解析:介词后接名词或动名词。 15.If you want to go traveling(travel), you’d better get everything ready in advance. 解析:go traveling/swimming/fishing/camping/shopping等为固定结构。 16.Which means of transportation(transport) will you use if you travel to Beijing? 解析:means of transportation“交通方式”。 17.You should assume that the winners(win) would receive big money but they only got a certificate. 解析:从后面的they可以看出,此处指“获胜者”,并且要用复数。 18.Surprisingly(surprise), he should lose his temper in public. 解析:副词surprisingly表示“令人吃惊地”,修饰整个句子。 19.Unexpectedly(expect), the injured athlete came first in the 100-meter dash. 解析:副词unexpectedly表示“出人意料地”,修饰整个句子。 20.The fish is a bit smelly(smell). We can’t eat it. 解析:be动词后用形容词。smelly“臭的”。 21.Look up the meaning(mean)of the word in the dictionary. 解析:名词meaning表示“意思”。 22.New scientific(science) discoveries are being made at an increasing speed. 解析:形容词scientific表示“科学的”。 23.The mother undressed(dress) her baby and gave it a bath. 解析:动词undress表示“脱衣”,与gave一致,用过去时。 24.The scenery of Zhangjiajie is so attractive(attract) that many tourists go there every year. 解析:形容词attractive表示“迷人的”。 25.The farmer was bitten to death by__poisonous__(poison) snakes. 解析:形容词poisonous表示“有毒的”。


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