【句型】中考英语必考的12个重要句型,初中三年超高频考点,没理由不掌握!
发布于 2个月前 作者 kinglism 860 次浏览 来自 中考

下面这12个句型是每年中考英语一定会考到的,也是初中三年的最最最高频考点,所以,没有任何理由不掌握它们,12个,并不多哦,一起来学吧!

1.It’s+adj.+for sb.+to do sth. 对某人来说做某事怎么样,如: It is dangerous for children to play in the street. 孩子们在街上玩是很危险的。

2.It’s time for sth. 是干某事的时间了; It’s time(for sb.)to do sth.该干某事了。如: ①It’s time for the meeting. 该开会了。 ②It’s time for us to go to school. 我们该上学了。

3.It takes sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花某人一些时间。 sb. spend some time/money on sth./(in)doing sth. 某人花时间(金钱)在某事上/花时间(金钱)干某事。 sth. cost sb. some money 某事花某人一些钱。 pay some money for sth.为某事(物)付钱。如: ① It took me two hours to write the letter. 写这封信花了我两小时的时间。 ② He spends half an hour(in)reading English every morning.他每天早上花半小时读英语。 ③ He spends one hour on the housework every day. 他每天花一小时做家务。 ④ The bike cost me 500 yuan. 这辆自行车花了我500元。 ⑤ I spent 500 yuanon the bike. 我买这辆自行车花了500元。 ⑥ I paid 500 yuanfor the bike. 我花了500元买这辆自行车。 重要提示: cost主语一般为物;spend, pay主语一般为人。例 ① 中it用作形式主语,动词不定式为真正主语。

4.too+形容词/副词+to do… 太……以致不能…… 如: ① I was too excited to say a word. 我激动得一个字也说不出来。 ② Tom is too short to reach the apple. Tom太矮了,拿不到那个苹果。 重要提示: 这是一个否定句型,不能在不定式前加not,可以用so… that…结构改写。例句 ① 可以改写成:I was so excited that I couldn’t say a word.

5.so that…以便/以致…… 如: ① They studied hard so that they could pass the exam. 为了能通过考试,他们学习很努力。 ② They started early so that they caught the early bus. 他们起得很早,结果赶上了早班车。 重要提示: 在例句①中,是引导目的状语;在例句②中,是引导结果状语。一般来讲,若从句中含有情态动词,则so that引导的为目的状语。若无情态动词,则so that引导的为结果状语。

6.祈使句+then/or/and+陈述句 如: ①Work hard,and/then/and then you will live a happy life. 努力工作,你就会过上幸福的生活。 ②Hurry up,or we will be late for school. 快点,否则我们上学就迟到了。 注意:以上句型都可以用条件状语从句来改写。例句②可以改写成:If we don’t hurry up, we’ll be late for school.

7.表达建议的句型,如: Why not do…? 为什么不……? Let’s do… 让我们做……吧。 Shall we do…?我们做……好吗? Would you like/to do…? 你想要(做)……吗? Will you please do…? 请你做……好吗? What(How)about doing…? 做……怎么样? had better do/not do sth. 最好做/不做某事。如: ①—Why not go and ask our teacher? ——为什么不去问问老师? —Good idea! Let’s go. ——好主意!走吧! ②—Shall we go out for a walk? ——我们去散步怎么样? —No,Let’s go to the zoo. ——不,我们去动物园吧。 ③Will you please fetch some chalks for me?请你给我拿些粉笔,好吗? ④—What about singing an English song? ——唱首英文歌曲怎么样? —Wonderful! ——好极了! ⑤You had better put on the coat when you go out.你出去时最好把外套穿上。

8.I don’t think his answer is right. 我认为他的答案不对。 I can’t believe she is right.我相信她是不对的。 You don’t think they will come tomorrow,do you?你认为他们明天不会来,是吗? 重要提醒: think,believe,suppose等接宾语从句,表示否定时要否定主句。变为反意疑问句时,若主语是第一人称,简短问句与宾语从句的主谓语保持一致,若主句主语是其他人称,与主句主谓语保持一致。例句①变为反意疑问句应为:I can’t believe she is right,is she?

9.such+名词性词组+that…;so+形容词/副词+that… 如此……以致……如: ①She is such a good teacher that we all love her.她是一个好老师,我们都爱她。 ②It was such a hot day that they didn’t go out for a walk as usual.这么热的天气,他们没有像往常一样去散步。 重要提醒: (1)“such+a(an)+形容词+名词+that…”,可以改写成“so+形容词+a(an)+名词+that…”,例句①可以改写成:She is so good a teacher that we all love her. (2)在“such+形容词+名词复数或不可数名词+that…”结构中,形容词如果是many/few或much/little时,用so不用such,即:so+many/few+可数名词复数+that… ,so+much/little+不可数名词+that…。如: ①There are so many people in the room that I can’t get in. 房间里人太多,我进不去。 ②The man has so much money that he can buy a car. 那人很有钱,他能买一辆小汽车。

10.there be…;either… or…;neither… nor…;not only… but also…如: ①There is a pen and two pencils in his pencil-box. 他的铅笔盒里有一支钢笔和两支铅笔。 ②Not only you but also I want to go travelling. 不但你,我也想去旅游。 ③Either you or I am leaving for Shanghai. 要么你去上海,要么我去上海。 ④Neither you nor he is right. 你和他都不对。 ⑤Both Jack and Tim are English. Jack和Tim都是英国人。 重要提示: 当这几个句型连接主语时,谓语动词的人称和数要遵循“就近原则”。对比both… and…来记忆,both… and…连接主语时视为复数。

11.enough+名词+to do… 有足够的……做某事; 形容词/副词+enough+to do… 足够……做某事。如: ①There is enough room to hold these people to have a meeting. 有足够的地方容下这些人开会。 ②The boy is strong enough to carry the heavy box. 这个男孩儿力气够大,能搬动这只箱子。 重要提示: enough作副词修饰形容词或副词时,放在所修饰词的后面,句子可以用so… that…句型改写。例句②可以改写为:The boy is so strong that he can carry the heavy box.

12.enjoy doing sth.喜欢(爱好)做某事; like to do/like doing sth.喜欢做某事。如: ①Do you enjoy listening to music? 你喜欢听音乐吗? ②I like to swim in the swimming pool. 我喜欢在游泳池中游泳。(喜欢到某一具体的地方游泳) ③I like swimming. 我喜欢游泳。(只讲喜欢这项运动)


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