【听力】no还是know?一不小心就听错的20组单词,你能认清吗?
发布于 2个月前 作者 kinglism 958 次浏览 来自 四级

英语中存在一些同音异形异义词,比如no和know、wear和where。在口语表达中,这些词容易被忽略,但在写作时混淆它们却会造成一些搞笑的错误。 今天知米妞整理了20组常见的同音异形异义词,来看看都有哪些。

1.AIR/HEIR Air:oxygen and other gases that we breathe in 空气:我们吸入的氧气和其他气体 It’s spring. Love is in the air and the birds are singing. 春天到了。空气中充满了爱的气息,鸟儿正在唱歌。 Heir:the person who is next in line in a family and inherits something 继承者:家里的下一代继承人,他可以继承一些东西。 When the new royal heir is born, hundreds of balloons are sent up in the air to celebrate the event. 新的皇族继承人出生时,会有上百个气球升入空中来庆祝这件事。

2.AISLE/ISLE Aisle:a passageway between seats in rows 通道:两排座位之间的路 Would you like a window or an aisle seat? 你想要靠过道还是靠窗的座位? An aisle seat, please. I wouldn’t like to sit next to the window, I’m afraid of heights. 请给我订一个靠过道的位置。我不想靠窗坐,我恐高。 Isle:a small island 岛:一个小岛 They’re planning to build an airport on the isle. I think it’s a fantastic idea. 他们打算在这个小岛上建一个小岛。我觉得这个主意很棒。

3.BALD/BAWLED BALD:someone who has no hair on his head is bald 秃头的:头上没有长头发的人就是秃头。 Will you love me if I go bald? 如果我变成了秃头你还会爱我吗? BAWLED:past form of 'bawl’, it means ‘cry loudly’ 放声痛哭:这是‘bawl’的过去式形式,意为‘放声痛哭’。 When I realized I was going bald, I bawled liked a child. 当我意识到我快要变成秃头的时候,我哭得像个孩子。

4.BAND/BANNED BAND:a group of people 一群:一群人 I’d like to form a rock band. Can you play any musical instruments? 我想组建一个摇滚乐队。你会演奏什么乐器吗? BANNED:(ban-banned-banned) to prohibit, not allow 禁止:这是‘ban’的过去式,表示禁止,不允许 I’d love to be in a rock band, but I thought you were banned from playing loud music in the house. 我想要成为摇滚乐队的一员,但是我认为你不能在房间里大声地演奏音乐。

5.BARE/BEAR BARE:naked, not covered 空的,赤裸的:赤裸的,没有被覆盖的 Susy was wearing a daring dress at the party. It revealed her bare legs. 苏西在聚会上穿了一条暴露的裙子。这使她的双腿赤裸地露了出来。 BEAR:a big animal with dark brown coat that lives in woods and eats smaller animals and fruit 熊:有着深棕色皮毛的大型动物,它住在树林中吃比它小的动物和水果。 I took my son to the zoo to see the new baby bear. 我带儿子去动物园里看熊宝宝。

6.BREAK/BRAKE BREAK:smash something by bending or damaging it somehow 打破:以某种方式弯曲或者损坏某物某事 You’ll break something if you keep playing football in the living room. Can you stop it, please? 如果你继续在客厅踢球,你会把别的东西弄坏的。请你停一下,好吗? BRAKE:a device to make a car go slower/stop 闸:一种使汽车慢行或者停止前进的装置 I’ll have to get my brakes checked. I think there’s something wrong with them. 我将检查一下刹车装置。我觉得它可能是坏了。

7.BORED/BOARD BORED:not interested in your current activity 无聊的:对当前的活动不感兴趣 I’m bored with you. 我厌倦了你。 BOARD:a flat piece of wood on which you can write, play a game or do sports like surfing, skateboarding etc. 木板/甲板:一块平坦的木板,你可以在上面写字,玩游戏,做运动如冲浪,滑板等。 Whenever the teacher goes to the whiteboard and writes something on it, the students start chatting. 老师去白板上写东西的时候,学生就开始聊天。

8.CELL/SELL CELL:a room in a prison/ the smallest part of an organism 细胞,单间:监狱里的小房间/有机体的最小组成部分 How many cells are there in a human body? 人体一共有多少细胞? SELL:giving something to somebody in return for mone 卖:把某物给某人以换取钱财 I’ve decided to sell my house and move to Australia. 我打算卖掉房子然后移居澳大利亚。

9.CENT/SCENT CENT:1/100th of a dollar 分,一分:一美元的1/100 They don’t deserve a cent after what they have done to you. 在他们对你做了这样的事之后,他们一分钱都不值。 SCENT:smell, odour, fragrance 气味:气味,香味 Could you feel the scent of jasmine in the garden? It was so lovely. 你能闻到花园里茉莉花香的味道吗?它是如此迷人。

10.CLAWS/CLAUSE CLAWS:a sharp, curvy structure at the end of the paws of animals 爪子:动物身体末端一种锋利的弯曲的生理结构 I’m not sure if I should trim my cat’s rear claws. Do you know anything about cats? 我不知道我是否应该修剪猫的后爪。你了解猫吗? CLAUSE:a section of a legal document 条款:法律条文的一部分 Don’t sign that contract before you read and understand every word and clause! 在阅读和理解每一个条款之前,不要签约。

11.CURRENT/CURRANT CURRENT:happening/existing now 现在的:现在发生的,现在存在的 Are you happy in your current job? 你在现在的工作岗位中还开心吗? CURRANT:small, black or red berry that grows on bushes 无籽葡萄干:在灌木丛中生长的小的、黑的或者红的浆果 Would you like some ice-cream with your blackcurrants? 你想吃带无籽葡萄干的冰淇淋吗?

12.DEAR/DEER DEAR:loved and valued 亲爱的:亲爱的,重视的 You are my dearest friend, you know. 你知道的,你是我最亲爱的朋友。 DEER:an animal with hooves and antlers that lives in the woods 小鹿:住在森林里,有蹄和鹿角的动物 I had venison steak for lunch. 我午餐吃鹿肉。 What’s venison? 什么是鹿肉? Oh dear, you don’t know? It’s deer meat. 哦,亲爱的,你不知道吗?就是小鹿的肉呀。

13.DIE/DYE DIE:stop living 死亡:不再存活 My dog’s very old. I’m afraid he’ll die soon. 我的狗年纪已经大了。恐怕他活不了多久了。 DYE:to colour materials or hair 染色:给材料或者头发染色 I’m thinking of dying my hair. Should I dye it blue or pink? 我想染头发,我是染粉色还是蓝色呢?

14.FAIR/FARE FAIR:honest/ consistent with rules/ light in colour, clear 公平的,清楚的:诚实的,遵守规则的,颜色浅的,清楚的 Mum, that’s not fair! I did the washing up yesterday. It’s Jack’s turn today. 妈妈,这不公平!我昨天洗碗了,今天轮到杰克洗了。 FARE:money you pay for transportation 费用:交通费 I can’t visit my parents very often. The train fare is too expensive. 我不能经常拜访我的父母。火车票的价钱太贵了。

15.FLEE/FLEA FLEE:run away from danger 逃跑:逃离危险 If I was a bit younger, I’d flee this boring town and move to the capital. 如果我再年轻一点,我一定会搬去首都。 FLEA:a small insect that lives in the fur of animals 跳蚤:一种生活在动物皮毛中的小昆虫 Do you think fleas go into human hair? 你认为跳蚤会进入人的头发里吗?

16.FLOUR/FLOWER FLOUR:white powder-like foodstuff that’s obtained by grinding grains面粉:通过碾磨谷物得到粉末状的物体 Can you buy some flour on your way home? I’d like to make pizza for dinner. 你能回家的时候顺路买点面粉吗?我晚上想做披萨。 FLOWER:the most beautiful part of plants that blossoms and smells nice 花朵:植物最漂亮的部分,会开花而且闻起来很香 You should make your wife breakfast in bed a few times every month. And don’t forget to lay a single flower on the tray before you serve it. 每个月你都应该在妻子还在床上睡觉的时候做几次早餐。不要忘记端上来之前在桌子上放一朵花。

17.GRIZZLY/GRISLY GRIZZLY:a big, brown bear that lives in North America 灰熊:居住在北美洲的大的或者灰色的熊 Would you like to come trekking with us? We’re going to the Rockies. 你愿意和我们一起远足吗?我们要去落基山。 You must be joking. What will you do if you bump into a grizzly? 你一定是在开玩笑,如果遇到灰熊你怎么办? GRISLY:unpleasant and frightening 可怕的:不高兴的,令人害怕的 Did you see those black and white photos in her living room? 你在她的客厅里看到那些黑白照片了吗? Yeah, they’re rather grisly, aren’t they? 看到了,它们看起来有点可怕,不是吗?

18.GUERRILLA/GORILLA GUERRILLA:a member of a small group of irregular soldiers 游击队:一小队不正规的士兵 Guerrilla warfare has had a big impact on the area. It’s not a safe place to go on holiday anymore. 游击战争对这个地方产生了巨大的影响。这再也不是度假的好地方了。 GORILLA:the largest and strongest ape 大猩猩:最大的最凶猛的猿类 Have you seen the film 'King Kong’? It’s about a giant gorilla that is taken to New York to be exhibited. 你看过《金刚》这部电影吗?电影围绕一部巨大的猩猩被带到纽约的故事展开。

19.HAIR/HARE HAIR:what grows on your head 毛发:头部长出来的毛发 Her hair used to be much shorter. Do you think she’s got hair extensions? 她的头发比过去短的多。你觉得她的头发长长了吗? HARE:an animal that’s similar to a rabbit, but has longer ears and legs野兔:和兔子很像的一种动物,但是它的腿和耳朵都比兔子的长 Rabbits live underground, but hares live in overground nests. 兔子居住在地下,但是野兔住在地面的巢穴。

20.HEROINE/HEROIN HEROINE:a brave woman, usually the principal character of a book or a film 女英雄,女主人公:一个勇敢的女性,通常是书或者电影的主人公 My favourite heroine is Hermione Granger from the Harry Potter books. 我最喜欢的女主角就是哈利·波特系列中的赫敏·格兰杰。 HEROIN:a white, highly addictive narcotic 海洛因:一种白色的,令人高度上瘾的麻醉剂 I stopped reading that book when the heroine turned out to be a heroin addict. I don’t like stories about drug addicts. 我不再读那本书了,因为女主角变成了瘾君子。我不喜欢吸毒者的故事。 上述这些同音异形词,有你混淆的那一组吗?


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