【知米精选】10天掌握英语语法Day 7 定语从句 (2)
发布于 3个月前 作者 一只绿色的🍋 2204 次浏览 来自 高考

上次我抖落了一身的定语从句干货,你们都捡起来嘛!Always,忘记请戳这里噢(10天掌握英语语法-Day 6),没看上期内容的,不给你看这一期,口享! 捶胸口.jpg 解答历史遗留问题~ 深入灵魂的问题5:定语从句和同位语从句的区别是什么? 先请出这组对手:

  1. I have heard the news that the mayor will pronounce.
  2. I have heard the news that the mayor will be dismissed. 去掉从句部分,主干句子简直一毛一样呢! interesting.jpg

Well,不墨迹,马上揭晓答案。

  1. 定语从句
  2. 同位语从句

判断依据如下:(此处划重点)

  1. 引导词判断法(核心):that作为关系代词,在定语从句中不仅引导从句,还要代替被修饰词,在从句中做成分。在例子中就是代替news在从句中做pronounce的宾语没错辣~ But,在同位语从句中,that仅仅起着连接从句的作用,不在从句中担任角色,也没啥意思,小透明一个没错辣~
  2. 概念判断法(辅助):定语从句是对先行词的修饰或者限定。在例子中就是限定了news的来源。而同位语从句是对某个名词具体内容的解释。在例子中就是解释news的具体内容:市长马上要滚蛋了。鹅且啊,同位语从句中的被解释词往往就是那些比如information啦,idea啦,story啦,基本不会出现非常具象的名词。

彭于晏.gif 还是不懂的话,那…在评论区挥一波儿小手吧。 还有噢,上次我就说过,定语从句和名词性从句完全不是一回事,简直八杆子都打不着,你们不要给我混掉了~不然我会很生气。

今天不讲新的内容啦,请不断巩固旧的知识~ 练习:

  1. I know the boy ____________ you gave the book____________. A.whom;to
    B.which;to C.to whom;to
    D.that;to him

2.Harbin is the very place ____________ I’m anxious to pay a visit. A.that
B.which C.on which
D.to which

3.Have you been to Hangzhou____________ West Lake is the most beautiful in our country? A.whose
B.which C.that
D.where

4.I know the student ____________ you borrowed the pen. A.that
B.from whom C.from which
D.whom

  1. It is generally considered unwise to give a child ____ he or she wants. (1997) A. however
    B. whatever C. whichever
    D. whenever

  2. Call you tell me why _______ yesterday? A. you didn’t come
    B. did you not come
    C. didn’t you come
    D. you don’t come

7.Along with the letter was his promise ____ he would visit me this coming Christmas.
A. which
B. that
C. what
D. whether

8.America was __________was first called “India” by Columbus. A. what
B. where
C. the place
D. there where


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