【短文改错】2018英语专八语言知识考点解析:动词用法
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一、考点规律分析   此考点归纳的是除动词时态与非谓语动词之外的动词考点,它包括被动语态、情态动词、动词形式的变化、动词用法辨析、动词 be 的误加与漏用等。   二、例句   (1) He lied down by the side of the path to rest. (lied 改为 lay,lie 表示“躺”时,其过去时是 lay)   (2) Charles and Linda were seeing near the top of the building. (seeing 改为 seen,因为从含义上看,此处谓语应用被动语态)   (3) Books may be keep for four weeks. (keep 改为 kept,因此处要用被动语态)   (4) …and let you know when the book you want has returned. (returned 之前加 been,因从句意上看,此处要用被动语态)   (5) Uncle Ben will also go back for Christmas. (go 改为 come,由句意可知)   (6) They eager to know everything about China and asked me lots of questions. (eager 前加were,因此处缺谓语动词)   (7) I’d like to your pen-friend, and get to know more about your country. (to 后加 be / become,因 would like后要接不定式,根据句意此处应加 be / become)   (8) What your favourite sport? (what 后加 is 或将 What 改为 What’s,此句缺谓语)   (9) I use to play ping-pong a lot in my spare time, but now I am interested in football. (use to 改为 used to,此为习语,意为“过去经常”)   (10) I was used to watch it every night. (去掉 was,因 used to do sth 是固定表达,意为“过去常常做……”)   (11) There will an important game next month. (will 后加be,此处缺谓语动词)   (12) Because of so much viewing, children may not be develop the habit of reading and the ability to enjoy themselves. (去掉 be,因它与其后的动词 develop 相冲突)   (13) I followed her advice and should put down 100 words or so each day. (去掉 should,因 put 和 followed 是平行结构,作并列谓语)   (14) As we were all left home at an early age. (去掉were,因句中已有谓语动词left,“我们离开家”又是主动,不能再加be)   (15) I often dream of a teacher. (a teacher 前加上 being 或 becoming。根据后文的内容看来,作者不是梦见老师,而是自己梦想“成为”一名教师)   (16) Without enough knowledges, you can never learn well.(learn改为teach,因上句讲“为了教好,教师不得不学”,此句便是“没有学问,就决不会教好”)


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