【词汇】Denounce, condemn, deplore 单词辨析
发布于 3个月前 作者 一只绿色的🍋 508 次浏览 来自 考研

虽然这三个词都能表达比较消极的、否定的意思,但在具体的词义和使用上还是有区别的。我们先来说说单词 denounce, 它是个动词,意思是公开指责、谴责。

Examples

  1. Mr Hong said he had borrowed the bicycle, but nobody believed him, and his neighbours denounced him as a thief.
  2. Some critics have denounced the plans as dangerous.

动词 denounce 用来表示指责的意思时可以指责一个人或物,但后面必须加宾语。比如说,洪先生的邻居指责说他是一个小偷 his neighbours denounced him as a thief; 接下来我们来指责一个物 some critics have denounced the plans as dangerous, 这里指责的物就是一个 plan 计划。那我们再来看看单词 condemn 它的用法和 denounce 很相似,意思是谴责。比如在说上面举到的例子,我们可以用单词 condemn 来代替 denounce. 洪先生的邻居可以 condemn him as a thief.

Examples Mr Hong said he had borrowed the bicycle, but nobody believed him, and his neighbours condemned him as a thief. Most governments condemn the use of child soldiers. Condemn 可以和不定式 to 连用,表示对某人处以刑罚。比方说,某人可以被处以死刑。 The murderers were condemned to death. 处以死刑 condemned to death. 我们还可以用 condemn to 来描述某人被迫接受困境或不愉快的处境。请听下面的例子 – 这是一句格言,意思是“不吸取历史教训的人注定要重蹈覆辙”。 Those who do not learn the lessons of history are condemned to repeat it.

最后我们来看动词 deplore, 意思是谴责,强烈反对。我们常用 deplore 来谴责一种行为、行径,而不用这个词来谴责一个人。比如说,你可以 deplore an event or action 而不能 deplore a person. Most governments deplore the use of child soldiers. The villagers deplored the theft of the bicycle.

再来看几个例子: The organisers deplore the waste of food.

The team lost most of their games, and were condemned to play in the second division.

The new policy has been denounced by almost everyone.

We condemn the attack as completely unacceptable.


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