【词汇】高中英语最常考的60个熟词新义,2018高考生尤其要掌握!
发布于 3个月前 作者 一只绿色的🍋 1419 次浏览 来自 高考

1.absent adj.缺席的→adj.茫然的,恍惚的 She looked at the picture in an absent(茫然的)way. 2.ache v.& n.疼痛→v.渴望 Having left for ages,he was aching(渴望)for home. 3.address n.地址 v.写地址→vt.发表演说 The president will address(发表演说)his speech at 3:00 pm. 4.against prep.逆着,反对;倚,靠;碰→prep.以…为背景 The picture looks nice against(以…为背景)the white wall. 5.attend v.出席;参加→v.看护;治疗;陪同 The nurse attended(看护)to him day and night. 6.blank adj.空白的 n.空白→adj.没表情的;空虚的;没兴趣的 The stranger returned my greeting with a blank(没表情的)look. 7.blue adj.& n.蓝色→adj.忧伤的 His songs always make me feel blue(忧伤的). 8.build vt.建筑,建造→v.逐渐增强 n.体格,体形,身材 One should receive training to build(逐渐增强)up one’s confidence. You’re right,Josh. He may have a small build(身材). 9.cause vt.促使,引起→n.原因,起因;事业,目标 Even with a staff of 22 volunteers,Thomas often devotes up to 50 hours a week to his cause(事业). 10.cloudy adj.阴的,多云的→adj.不明朗的,不清晰的 Who will take his place still remains cloudy(不明朗的). 11.coach n.教练→v.辅导,指导 She coached(指导)me in playing football. 12.count n.& v.计算,数→vi.有价值,重要 It is not how much you read but what you read that counts(重要). 13.course n.课程;过程→n.一道菜 The courses(菜谱)vary with seasons. 14.cover v.覆盖→v.行走(一段路程);足以支付,够付;采访n.书刊封面,封皮 Motor-cars cover(行走一段路程)a hundred miles in little more than an hour. To cover(足以支付)the cost of hiring a bus, each student will have to pay $10 each time. 15.cross v.跨越,横穿n.十字→adj.生气的 Don’t be cross(生气的)with him—after all,he is a child. 16.desert n.沙漠→v.抛弃,离弃 He deserted(抛弃)his wife and children and went abroad. 17.deal vi.处理,解决→n.交易 Having been cheated in a business deal(交易),he was reduced to nothing. 18.develop v.发展;开发;研制→v.冲印 Did you have the films developed(冲印)? 19.drive v.驾驶→v.迫使(某人做不好的事) Hunger drove(迫使)her to steal. 20.express v.表达→n.快车 Is there an express(快车)from Nanjing to Shanghai? 21.encourage vt.鼓励;激励→v.促进,助长,刺激 Good health encourages(促进)clear thinking. 22.escape v.逃跑;逃脱→v.被忘掉;被忽视 The name escapes(被忘掉)me for the moment. 23.explode v.爆炸;爆裂→v.勃然大怒;大发雷霆 I’m about to explode(勃然大怒)!He broke his promise again. 24.exploit v.开发;开采;剥削→v.利用 You must exploit(利用)every opportunity to learn English. 25.fail vi.失败→vi.(健康)衰退,变弱 William found it increasingly difficult to read,for his eyesight was beginning to fail(变弱). 26.foreign adj.外国的;外交的→adj.不熟悉的 The subject is foreign(不熟悉的)to all of us. 27.freeze vi.结冰,(使)冻结→v.惊呆,吓呆 Grandfather froze(吓呆) in fear. Was he going to lose his job? 28.fresh adj.新鲜的→adj.无经验的 She is quite fresh(无经验的)to the work. 29.ground n.地面→n.理由 He has strong grounds(理由)for more money. 30.govern v.管理;控制→vt.影响;支配 The law of supply and demand governs(影响)the prices of goods. 31.help vt.帮助→vi.避免,防止,起作用 Try not to cough more than you can help(避免,防止)since it may cause problems to your lungs. 32.hit v.击中,打击→n.成功;红极一时的人或事 Tuhao is quite a hit(风行一时的事物)of this year. 33.ill adj.生病的→adj./adv.坏的/地 It’s no good speaking ill(坏地)of others. She had brought ill (坏的)luck into her family. 34.interest n.兴趣→n.利益;股份 Our family has interests(利益) in the business. 35.inspire v.激励;鼓舞→v.启发 His best music was inspired(启发) by the memory of his mother. 36.jump v.& n.跳→n.& v.大幅度上涨 Last week the price of goods jumped(大幅度上涨). 37.kill v.杀死,弄死→v.消磨或打发(时间) How does the man kill(打发时间)time? 38.last adj.最后的→adj.最不可能的 He is the last(最不可能的)man I want to see. 39.match n.火柴,旗鼓相当的人→vt.般配,与…匹配 She matched(匹配)the carpet with some very nice curtains in colour. 40.mean v.打算;意味着→adj.小气的,吝啬的 means n.方式,方法 He is too mean(吝啬的)to make a donation. In many places in China, the bicycle is still a popular means(方式)of transportation. 41.measure n.措施,方法→v.估量,判定(重要性、价值或影响等) It’s hard to measure(判定) his ability when we haven’t seen his work. 42.narrow adj.狭窄的→vt.缩小,使变窄 Parents and children should communicate more to narrow (使变窄,缩小) the gap between them so that they can understand each other better. 43.nurse n.护士,保姆→v.看护,照料(病人或伤者) For two days he was nursed(照料)by his mother. 44.note n.笔记→v.注意,特别指出,提及 I noted(注意到)that her hands were dirty. 45.open v.开adj.开着的,打开的→adj.(问题、议事等)未解决的 They left the matter open(未解决的). 46.operate vi.机器运转工作;做手术→vi.起作用 The medicine operated(起作用)quickly. 47.position n.位置;职位→n.立场;观点 What’s your position(观点)on the problem? 48.promise v.& n.许诺→v.有……的希望;使……有可能 The dark clouds promise(使……有可能)rain. 49.read v.阅读→v.理解;领会 I didn’t read(领会)mother’s thoughts at that time. 50.say vt.说→vt.假定,显示,表明 Say(假定)that war breaks out, what will you do? 51.shoulder n.肩膀→v.承担 Young people should learn to shoulder(承担)the blame. 52.solid adj.固定的,坚硬的→adj.可靠的,可信赖的 The research lacks solid(可靠的)evidence, and therefore, its conclusions are doubtful. 53.strength n.力,力量,体力→n.长处,强项 A basketball coach must know the strengths(长处)and weaknesses of his players. 54.taste v.品尝,尝出……味道→n.味道,鉴赏力,爱好 While she was in Paris, she developed a taste(爱好)for fine art. 55.sign n.符号,记号→n.迹象,预兆 v.签字,签署 Bearing responsibility for his mistakes is a sign(征兆)of a man’s maturity. Therefore, students should be advised to sign(签字)up as soon as possible. 56.stand v.站,站立,直立→v.忍受 n.货摊 The author could not stand(忍受)living in a wooden house. I found the fish stand(货摊)surrounded in a sea of customers. 57.store n.(大型)百货商店→v.& n.贮藏,贮存,保存 Although dams can be built to store(贮存)water for agricultural use in dry areas and dry seasons. 58.treat vt.以…态度对待→vt.治疗,医治 v.&n.款待,招待 The doctor is skilled at treating(治疗)heart trouble and never accepts any gift from his patients, so he has a very good reputation. Let’s go out for lunch—my treat(款待). 59.walk v.& n.行走;步行→n.行业 This society welcomes people from all walks(行业)of life. 60.wear v.穿,戴→v.面带,流露;留(发,须等) I can still remember he was always wearing(面带)a smile and willing to help.


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