发布于 4年前 作者 一只绿色的🍋 2708 次浏览 来自 高考

Here are some of the most commonly confused English word pairs. They have been chosen especially for ESL learners. 下面是最为常见的易混淆的 英语(精品课) 词组,它们是专为那些将英语作为第二语言的学习者挑选出来的。 1.beside / besides beside: preposition meaning 'next to’, ‘at the side of’ 介词,意为“紧挨着”“在······旁边”。 Examples: 例子 I sit beside John in class. 上课时我坐在约翰旁边。 Could you get me that book? It’s beside the lamp. 你能把那本书给我吗?它就放在灯的旁边。 besides: adverb meaning 'also’, 'as well’; preposition meaning ‘in addition to’ 副词,意为“也”“同样地”;做介词时意为“除此之外”。 Examples: 例子: (adverb) He’s responsible for sales, and a lot more besides. (副词)他负责销售,以及其他许多事。 (preposition) Besides tennis, I play soccer and basketball. (介词)除了网球,我还喜欢足球和篮球。 2.clothes / cloths clothes: something you wear - jeans, shirts, blouses, etc. 你穿的衣物,如牛仔裤、衬衫、上衣等。 Examples: 例子: Just a moment, let me change my clothes. 等一会儿,让我先换个衣服。 Tommy, get your clothes on! 汤米,把你的衣服穿好! cloths: pieces of material used for cleaning or other purposes. 用来做清洁或其他用途的材料。 Examples: 例子: There are some cloths in the closet. Use those to clean the kitchen. 壁橱里有一些布。用它们来清洁厨房吧。 I have a few pieces of cloth that I use. 我有一些用过的布快。 3.dead / died dead: adjective meaning ‘not alive’ 形容词,意为“无生命的” Examples: 例子: Unfortunately, our dog has been dead for a few months. 不幸的是,我们的狗已经去世几个月了。 Don’t touch that bird. It’s dead. 别碰那只鸟。它已经死了。 died: past tense and past participle of the verb ‘to die’ 动词die的过去式和过去分词形式。 Examples: 例子: His grandfather died two years ago. 他的祖父两年前去世了。 A number of people have died in the accident. 许多人在这场意外中丧生。 4.experience / experiment experience: noun meaning something that a person lives through. 名词,意为某人经历的某事。 also used as an uncountable noun meaning ‘knowledge gained by doing something’ 也可以用作不可数名词,表示“通过完成某事而获得的知识”。 Examples: 例子: (first meaning)His experiences in Germany were rather depressing. (第一种)他在德国的经历相当凄惨。 (second meaning) I’m afraid I don’t have much sales experience. (第二种)恐怕我的销售经验不足。 experiment: noun meaning something that you do to see the result. Often used when speaking about scientists and their studies. 名词,意为为了得到结果而做的某事。常在谈论科学家及其研究时使用。 Examples: 例子: They did a number of experiments last week. 上周,他们做了许多实验。 Don’t worry it’s just an experiment. I’m not going to keep my beard. 别担心,只是个实验而已。我不打算留胡子。 5.felt / fell felt: past tense and past participle of the verb ‘to feel’ 动词feel的过去式和过去分词形式。 Examples: 例子: I felt better after I had a good dinner. 一顿丰盛的晚饭后,我感觉好多了。 He hasn’t felt this well for a long time. 他很久都没有感觉这么好了。 fell: past tense of the verb ‘to fall’ 动词fall的过去式。 Examples: 例子: He fell from a tree and broke his leg. 他从树上掉下来,摔伤了腿。 Unfortunately, I fell down and hurt myself. 不幸的是,我掉了下来,受了伤。 6.female / feminine female: the sex of a woman or animal 女人或雌性动物。 Examples: 例子: The female of the species is very aggressive. 这种雌性生物极具攻击力。 The question ‘female or male’ means 'are you a woman or a man’. 这个“女或男”的问题问的是“你是女人还是男人”。 feminine: adjective describing a quality or type of behaviour that is considered typical for a woman 形容词,用来描述女性常有的特征或行为方式。 Examples: 例子: He’s an excellent boss with a feminine intuition. 他是一位优秀的老板,有着女性的直觉。 The house was decorated in a very feminine manner. 这座房子的装饰非常女性化。 7.its / it’s its: possessive determiner similar to ‘my’ or ‘your’ 物主限定词,类似于my或your。 Examples: 例子: Its color is red. 它是红色的。 The dog didn’t eat all of its food. 这只狗什么都不吃。 it’s: Short form of ‘it is’ or ‘it has’ it is或it has的缩写形式。 Examples: 例子: (it is) It’s difficult to understand him. 他真是一个让人读不透的人。 (it has) It’s been a long time since I had a beer. 我已经很久没喝过啤酒了。 8.last / latest last: adjective usually meaning ‘final’ 形容词,常表示“最后的”。 Examples: 例子: I took the last train to Memphis. 我乘上了去往孟斐斯的末班车。 This is the last test of the semester! 这是本学期最后一次测验。 latest: adjective meaning ‘most recent’ or ‘new’ 形容词,意为“最近的”或“最新的”。 Examples: 例子: His latest book is excellent. 他的新书写得非常棒。 Have you seen his latest painting? 你见过他最新的画作吗? 9.lay / lie lay: verb meaning ‘to put down flat’ - past tense - laid, past participle – laid 动词,意为“放下”,过去式为laid,过去分词为laid。 Examples: 例子: He laid his pencil down and listened to the teacher. 他放下手中的铅笔,听老师讲课。 I usually lay my pies on the shelf to cool. 我常常把馅饼放在架子上,让它变凉。 lie: verb meaning ‘to be down’ - past tense -lay , past participle – lain 动词,意为“躺下”,过去式为lay,过去分词是lain。 Examples: 例子 The girl lay on the bed asleep. 那个女孩躺在床上睡着了。 At the moment, he’s lying on the bed. 此刻,他正躺在床上。 10.lose / loose lose: verb meaning ‘to misplace’ 动词,意为“丢失”。 Examples: 例子: I lost my watch! 我把手表弄丢了! Have you ever lost anything valuable? 你有没有弄丢过珍贵的东西? loose: adjective meaning the opposite of ‘tight’ 形容词,意义与“绷紧的”相反。 Examples: 例子: Your trousers are very loose! 你的裤子太松了! I need to tighten this screw. It’s loose. 我要把螺丝钉拧紧点,它太松了。 11.male / masculine male: the sex of a man or animal 男人或雄性动物。 Examples: 例子: The male of the species is very lazy. 这种雄性生物非常懒惰。 The question ‘female or male’ means 'are you a woman or a man’. 这个“女或男”的问题问的是“你是女人还是男人”。 masculine: adjective describing a quality or type of behaviour that is considered typical for a man. 形容词,用来描述男性常有的特征或行为方式。 Examples: 例子: She’s a very masculine woman. 她是一个女汉子。 His opinions are just too masculine for me. 他的观点对我来说太大男子主义了。 12.price / prize price: noun - what you pay for something. 名词——你为某物付出的钱 Examples: 例子: The price was very cheap. 价格非常便宜。 What’s the price of this book? 这本书多少钱? prize: noun - an award 名词——奖励。 Examples: 例子: He won a prize as best actor. 他获得了最佳男演员奖。 Have you ever won a prize in a competition? 你有没有在比赛中得过奖? 13.principal / principle principal: adjective meaning ‘the most important’ 形容词,意为“最重要的”。 Examples: 例子: The principal reason for my decision was the money. 我之所以做这个决定,最重要的原因就是钱。 What are the principal irregular verbs? 有哪些重要的不规则动词? principle: a rule (usually in science but also concerning morals) 规则(常用于科学,但也涉及道德领域) Examples: 例子: It’s the first principle of aerodynamics. 这是气体力学的第一准则。 He has very loose principles. 他的原则弹性很大。 14.quite / quiet quite: adverb of degree meaning ‘very’ or ‘rather’ 副词,意为“非常”或“相当”。 Examples: 例子: This test is quite difficult. 这次测验非常难。 He was quite exhausted after the long journey. 长时间的旅行后,他疲惫不堪。 quiet: adjective meaning the opposite of loud or noisy 形容词,意思与“喧闹的”“嘈杂的”相反。 Examples: 例子: Could you please be quiet?! 能请你安静点吗? She’s a very quiet girl. 她是一个非常安静的女孩。 15.sensible / sensitive sensible: adjective meaning ‘having common sense’ i.e. ‘not stupid’ 形容词,意为“有常识的”,即“不笨的”。 Examples: 例子: I wish you would be more sensible about things. 我希望,你遇事能够更明智一点。 I’m afraid you aren’t being very sensible. 恐怕你不够明智。 sensitive: adjective meaning ‘to feel very deeply’ or 'to hurt easily’. 形容词,意为“敏感的”或“易受伤害的”。 Examples: 例子: You should be careful with David. He’s very sensitive. 你要小心大卫。他非常敏感。 Mary is a very sensitive woman. 玛丽是一个极易受伤的女人。 16.shade / shadow shade: protection from the sun, a dark area outside on a sunny day. 在晴天隔绝太阳的荫凉区。 Examples: 例子: You should sit in the shade for a while. 你应该到荫凉处坐会儿。 It’s too hot. I’m going to find some shade. 太热了,我要找个地方乘凉。 shadow: the dark area created by something else on a sunny day. 在晴天,由某物制造出的阴影区。 Examples: 例子: That tree casts a large shadow. 这棵树投下一大片阴影。 Have you ever noticed your shadow getting longer as it gets later in the day? 你注意到影子会随着天色越晚而拉长吗? 17.some time / sometimes some time: refers to an indefinite time in the future 指的是未来一个不确定的时间。 Examples: 例子: Let’s meet for coffee some time. 找个时间一起喝杯咖啡吧。 I don’t know when I’ll do it - but I will do it some time. 我不知道什么时候会去做——但我会在某个时候去做的。 sometimes: adverb of frequency meaning ‘occasionally’ 频率副词,意为“偶尔”。 Examples: 例子: He sometimes works late. 他有时候会工作到很晚。 Sometimes, I like eating Chinese food. 有时我喜欢吃中国菜。

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