【词汇】中考英语词汇复习:旧词新义(5)
发布于 2年前 作者 一只绿色的🍋 1629 次浏览 来自 中考

walk   I walked to school this morning because my bike was broken. (walk用作动词,意思为“步行”,是教材中的第一种用法。)   The Browns enjoy walking by the lake after supper. (walk用作动词,意思为“散步”,是教材中的第二种用法。)   walk除了以上的常见用法外,还有下列几种用法。   My grandfather always walks his dog in the morning. (walk用作动词,意思为“牵着动物走,溜”。)   My boyfriend walked me home last evening. (walk用作动词,意思为“陪伴……走,护送……走”。)   My father has friends from all walks of life. (walk用作名词,a walk of life为固定短语,意思为“行业,阶层”。)

sound   When they were talking in the room, the bell sounded.   When I saw the smoke, I tried to sound the alarm.   My father is a person of sound judgment.   The baby is sound asleep now.   sound在教材中的第一个意思为“听起来”,作动词用;第二个意思为“声音”,作名词用。在上面的四个句子中,前两个sound作动词用,意思分别为“(使)发出声音,响”和“鸣警报”;第三个sound作形容词用,意思为“明智的”;第四个sound作副词用,意思为“酣,沉”。

waste   I’m not going to waste any more words on the subject. 此句中waste用作及物动词,意为“浪费,滥用”,这是waste的常用法。 waste还有其它用法。如:   ① It’s a waste of time doing that. (waste用作名词,意为“浪费,滥用”。)   ② That was an area of waste ground in the past. (waste用作形容词,意为“无人烟的,未开垦的”。)   ③ They won’t listen, so don’t waste your breath telling them. (waste one’s breath意为“白费唇舌”。)

win   You are sure to win.   此句中win是不及物动词,意为“赢,胜,获胜”,是其常用法之一。win 除了此用法外,还有其它用法。如:   ① She’s had two wins in four races.(win用作名词,意为“胜利,赢”。)   ② Win or lose, it should be a very good match. (win or lose意为“无论胜负,不管输赢,无论成败”。)   ③ We are facing with a lot of problems but we’ll win through in the end. (win through意为“摆脱困境,终获成功”。)

warm   The weather is a bit warmer today. (warm用作形容词,意思为“温暖的,暖和的”,是教材中的用法。)   除了上面的用法外,warm还有下列几种用法。   My mother is a very warm person. (warm用作形容词,意思为“热心的,友好的”。)   I warmed myself at the fire. (warm用作动词,意思为“使温暖,使暖和”。)   Please warm up the milk. (warm用作动词,意思为“使变热,热一热”。)

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