【词汇】中考英语词汇复习:旧词新义(4)
发布于 3年前 作者 一只绿色的🍋 1133 次浏览 来自 中考

stand   She was too weak to stand. (stand用作动词,意思为“站立;站着”,是教材中的第一种用法。)   I can’t stand him interrupting all the time. (stand用作动词,意思为“忍受”,是教材中的第二种用法。)   除了上面的常见用法外,stand还有下列几种用法。   Our school stands between the bookshop and the hospital. (stand用作动词,意思为“位于某处”。)   The building stands about 40 meters high. (stand用作动词,意思为“高度为,高达”。)   There are 400 seats in the west stand. (stand用作名词,意思为“看台,观礼座”。)   He bought some bananas at the fruit stand. (stand用作名词,意思为“货摊,货架”。)

question n.& v   There is no question about his success.   此句中的question是不可数名词,意为“怀疑,疑问”,这是其最常见的用法。另外它还有其它的用法,如:   ①I’d like to question you on your views about the housing problem. (此句中的question作及物动词,意为“问(某人)问题”。)   ②His success is out of question.(out of question意为“没问题,办得到的”。)   ③Watching the football match here seems to be out of the question.(out of the question意为“不可能的,办不到的”。)   term   Tom’s father was made Mayor for a term of four years.   People between 13 and 19 are termed teenagers.   term在教材中的意思为“学期”和“术语”,作名词用。   上面句子中的两个term,第一个还作名词用,意思为“任期”;第二个作动词用,意思为“把……称为/叫做”。   第一句可译为“汤姆的父亲被选为市长,任期四年”;第二句可译为“十三岁至十九岁之间的人被叫做青少年”。

season   There are four seasons in a year. 此句中season用作名词,意为“季节,时节;旺季”。season还有其它用法,如:   ①Season the chicken with pepper. (season用作动词,意为“给……调味,加味于”。)   ②Strawberries are cheaper when they’re in season. (in season意为“上市;当令;在旺季”。)

raise   1、The workers are struggling for raising salaries.   My uncle was raised in the USA.   raise在教材中的意思为“筹集”,作动词用。   上面句子中的两个raise还作动词用,但是意思发生了变化,分别为“提高”和“抚养,养育”。   第一句可译为“工人们一直在争取提高薪水”;第二句可译为“我叔叔是在美国长大的”。   2、Please raise your hand if you agree with me.此句中raise用作动词,意为“举起,使升高”。这是raise的常用法。raise还有其它用法。如:   ① They are raising funds for charity.(raise用作及物动词,意为“筹集,募捐”。)   ② Lucy raised her eyebrows in surprise. (raise one’s eyebrows意为“扬起眉毛”,表示不赞同或惊讶。)

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