【词汇】2017中考英语词汇复习:旧词新义 (3)
发布于 3年前 作者 一只绿色的🍋 1169 次浏览 来自 中考

fail If you don’t work hard, you may fail. 此句中fail意为“失败;不及格,没有通过考试”。fail还有其它用法。如:   ① He never fails to write to his mother every week.   (fail意为“忘记、忽视或未能做某事”。)   ② She has been failing in health.   (fail in意为“(健康状况)衰退”。)   ③ His friends failed him when he most needed them.   (fail意为“使失望, 辜负”。)   ④ I had three passes and one fail.   (fail用作名词,意为“考试不及格”。)   ⑤ I’ll be there at two o’clock without fail.   (without fail意为“肯定,一定,必定”。)   lead   lead在教材中有两种用法:用作动词时意思为“引导,引诱”;用作形容词时意思为“领导的,领先的,带领的”。   除了教材中的用法外,lead还有以下几种用法。   Which road leads to the mountain? (lead用作动词,意思为“通向,通往”。)   My grandmother is leading a quiet life in the countryside. (lead用作动词,意思为“过某种生活”。)   Not having a balanced diet can lead to health problems. (lead用作动词,意思为“导致”。)   Her brother took the lead in the high jump. (lead用作名词,意思为“领先地位”。)   In this new film, she is the lead. (lead用作名词,意思为“主角”。)   pull   Pull your chair near the table. 此句中pull用作及物动词,意为“拉,拖”,这是pull的常用法。pull还有其它用法。如:   ① The tides(潮汐) depend on the pull of the moon. (pull用作名词,意为“拉力,引力,磁力”。)   ② He was pulled up by the boss. (pull sb. up意为“纠正某人,训斥某人”。)   stay   I’ll stay here till you come back.   此句中的stay是不及物动词,意为“停留,呆”,这是其最常见的用法。stay除了此用法外,还有其它用法,如:   ① I made some friends during my stay in Beijing. (stay用作名词,意为“逗留,停留”。)   ② I don’t like you staying out so late. (stay out意为“不回家,呆在户外”。)   ③ I stayed up very late last night. (stay up意为“不睡觉,熬夜”。)   ④ You stay out of it. It’s none of your business. (stay out of sth. 意为“不参与某事,不插手某事”。)   train   train在教材中用作名词,意思为“火车,列车”。   train除了以上用法外,还有以下几种用法。   I’ve trained my dog to fetch my slippers. (train用作动词,意思为“培养,训练”。)   His telephone call interrupted my train of thought. (train of thought是固定短语,意思为“思路,思绪”。)   He trained his camera on the birds. (train sth. on / at sth. / sb. 意思为“用……对准或瞄准某事物或某人”。)

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