【词汇】2017中考英语词汇复习:旧词新义(1)
发布于 2年前 作者 一只绿色的🍋 872 次浏览 来自 中考

win You are sure to win.此句中win是不及物动词,意为“赢,胜,获胜”,是其常用法之一。 win 除了此用法外,还有其它用法。 如:   ① She‘s had two wins in four races.(win用作名词,意为“胜利,赢”。)   ② Win or lose, it should be a very good match. (win or lose意为“无论胜负,不管输赢,无论成败”。)   ③ We are facing with a lot of problems but we‘ll win through in the end. (win through意为“摆脱困境,终获成功”。)

join v.& n.   What club do you want to join?   此句中的join是及物动词,意为“加入,参加”,这是其最常见的用法。另外它还有其它用法,如:   ①The two rivers join at the bridge.(此句中的join是不及物动词,意为“会合,联合,相遇”。)   ②The two pieces were stuck together so well that we could hardly see the join.(此句中的join是名词,意为“连接处,接缝”。)

interest   The money I borrowed from him was repaid with interest.   What he did was just to protect his own interests.   interest在教材中的意思为“兴趣”和“使感兴趣”,分别作名词和动词用。   上面句子中的两个interest都作名词用。作“利息”讲时,为不可数名词;作“利益,好处”讲时,多用复数形式。   第一句可译为“我向他借的那笔钱是带息偿还的。”;第二句可译为“他所做的一切仅仅是为了保护他自己的利益。”

deal   Teachers should deal fairly with their pupils. 此句中deal用作不及物动词,常和with连用,意为“对待”,这是deal的常用法。deal还有其它用法。   如:   ①She spent a good deal of money on new clothes. (a good deal of意为“很多,大量”。)   ②We tried to make sure everyone got a fair deal. (a fair deal意为“公平的待遇”。)   ③My bank deals in stocks and shares now. (deal in意为“经营”。)   ④The teacher dealt out the test papers to the students. (deal out意为“分发”。)

cause   She’s always causing trouble. 此句中cause用作及物动词,意为“使发生,引起”,这是cause的常用法。cause还有其它用法。如:   ①Smoking is one of the causes of heart disease. (cause用作可数名词,意为“原因,理由”。)   ②People fought for the cause of freedom and peace. (cause用作名词,意为“事业,目标”。)

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