发布于 4年前 作者 ZM_66DkQJqa4b 2437 次浏览 来自 高考


(1)、疑问词+ever whatever, whoever, whichever, whenever,

wherever, however用来引导让步状语从句,相当于no matter和what, who, which, when, where, how连用。


Whatever (=No matter what) may happen, we shall not lose hope.


Whatever reasons you (may) have, you should carry out a promise. 无论你有什么理由,你都应该遵守诺言。

Whoever (=No matter who) comes, he will be warmly welcome. 无论谁来,都会受到热烈欢迎。

Whenever (=No matter when) it happened, it was certainly not yesterday.


Whenever you (may) call, you will find her sitting by the window. 无论什么时候你去找她,你都会看到她坐在窗边。

Wherever (=No matter where) he went, he made friends with people.

Whichever (=No matter which) of them you many choose, the quality will be the same.


However (=No matter how) hard I have tried, I can’t find the answer.

(2)、whatever, whoever, whichever, whomever等引导名词性从句,这时不能用no matter+疑问词替换。


Take whichever you want. 你要哪个就拿哪个。

We will do whatever we can to help him out. 我们要尽力帮助他摆脱困境。

I’ll show you whatever you want to see. 你想看什么我就给你看什么。

Whoever did this job must be rewarded. 无论谁做这件事都要得到报酬。

Whoever walks around in such a heavy rain will catch a cold. 任何人在这种大雨中行走都会患感冒。

You may invite whomever(口语中常用whoever代替)you like to the party. 你可以邀请你喜欢的人来参加晚会。

Take whatever magazines you want to read. 你可以取阅任何你想读的杂志。



here, there, out, in, up, down, now, then, away等副词放在句首,句子需要全部倒装


There goes the bell! = The bell is ringing. 铃响了!

Here comes the bus. =The bus is coming. 汽车来了。

Now comes your turn to make a short speech. 该轮到你发言了。

Away went the thief when he saw the police.

Then came the hour we had been looking forward to. 我们期盼的时候到了。


(1)在这种情况下倒装仅限于不及物动词或be动词,像go, come, rush, live, stand, lie等。

(2)主语是人称代词时不要倒装。如:Away he went. 他走远了。



表示方位的状语放在句首,句子全倒装;谓语动词多为be, lie, stand, sit, come, walk, run, stop etc. 不及物动词。


On a hill in front of them stands a great castle. 在他们面前的山上矗立着一座巨大的城堡。

In front of the house stopped a police car. 房子的全面停着一辆警车。

Around the corner walks a young policeman. 拐角处有个年轻的警察在行走。

Under the tree sat a boy of about ten. 在树下坐着一个大约10岁的男孩。



(表语)adj. / v-ing / v-ed +(地点状语)+ be(或其他动词形式)…

So adj./adv…that…如此……以至于……(so引导的句子倒装,而that引导的句子不倒装!) (这种结构是半倒装句。)


Present at the meeting were the manager, all the designers and the writer. 出席会议的有经理,设计师和词作者。

Fastened to the pole is the National flag. 旗杆上有一面国旗。

Hidden behind the door were some naughty children. 有几个顽皮的孩子藏在门后面。

Sitting at the back of the classroom were several old teachers, listening attentively to the new teacher. 坐在教室后面的是几位老教师,他们在认真地听新教师的课。

Gone are the days when farmers lived in the poor houses.


Typical for China is the crosstalk show, where a pair of comedians entertains the audience with word play. 相声是中国典型的喜剧,两个演员通过玩弄词藻来逗乐观众。

So clearly does he speak English that he can always make himself understood.


So fast does light travel that we can hardly imagine its speed. 光运行非常快,我们几乎无法想象它的速度。



否定意义的副词或短语放在句首,句子半倒装。这样的副词主要有:little, seldom, hardly, rarely, scarcely, never, not at all, by no means(决不), at no time(在任何时候都不),nowhere, in no case (无论如何都不);not in the least (=not at all) , on no condition(决不) 等。


Never shall I forget you.

At no time was the man aware of what was happening. 那个人根本没有注意到发生的情况。

Little did I understand what he said to me at that time. 我那时几乎没有明白他给我说的话。

It’s beyond description. Nowhere else in the world can there be such a quiet, beautiful place.


Not a single mistake did he make in the exam. 他在考试中没有犯一个错误。

By no means are these works of art satisfactory. 这些艺术品根本不能令人满意。

On no condition should you visit that place. 你决不能去那个地方。



not only…, but also…(前一分句倒装,后一分句不倒装)


Not only was everything he had taken away from him, but also his German citizenship was taken away. 不仅他拥有的一切被那走了,就连他的德国国籍也被取消了。

They suggested not only should we attend the party but also give a performance. 他们建议我们不仅要参加晚会,还要进行表演。

Not only should we students study hard, we also should know how to enjoy ourselves in our spare time. 我们学生不仅要学习好,还应该知道在课余时间怎样享受生活。



neither, nor放在句首


If you don’t go to see the movie, neither will I. 如果你不去看电影,我也不去。

–Why didn’t you buy the jacket?

–Neither was the price satisfactory, nor did the color agree with me.


I don’t like him, nor do I care about him. 我不喜欢他,也不关心他。



"only + 状语"放在句首,句子半倒装


Only when the war was over did he return to work. 直到战争结束他才回去工作。

Only after you have reached eighteen can you join the army. 你只有到了18岁才能参军。

Only in that way will we be ready for the challenges and opportunities in life.


Only by changing the way we live will we be able to save the earth.



Only in this way can you work out the problem. 你只有用这种方法才能做出题目。

Only this way can help you work out the problem. 只有这种方法才能帮你做出题目。



so + be动词/助动词/情态动词等 + 主语 “……也……”(表示肯定意思)

neither/nor +动词/助动词/情态动词等 + 主语 “……也……”(表示否定意思)


She is interested in the story, so am I.

He enjoys playing the guitar, so do I.

I saw the film last night, so did he.

In the past 20 years, our society has changed a lot, so have our eating habits.


Tom didn’t attend the meeting last night; nor did Mary. Tom没来参加昨晚的会议,Mary也没来。

I have never been abroad. Neither/Nor has Tom.

[比较1] “so + 主语 + 助动词” 表示肯定已有的观点或事实


-We have all worked hard these days.

-So we have.(的确如此)

I promised to help him, and so I did.(我确实帮助他了)

[比较2] “主语 + 助动词 + so” 表示按照别人的要求去做


The wounded little boy asked me to lift him up and I did so.

The doctor asked Charlie to breathe deeply and he did so.


so it is with somebody = it’s the same with somebody前者怎么




John likes English but he doesn’t like maths, so it is with me (so it is the same with me).

Tom is a student and he studies hard, so it is with me.

-He was really manly enough to be responsible for what he had done. 他像个男子汉,敢于对自己的所作所为负责。

-So he was, and so it was with you. 他的确如此,你当时也一样。

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