【语法】高考倒装句知识点归纳和练习(2)
发布于 4年前 作者 一只绿色的🍋 1693 次浏览 来自 高考

二、部分倒装 否定词(短语)开头的句子要用部分倒装。 表示否定的副词never,nor,neither,表示半否定意义的副词hardly,few,seldom,little,含有no和not的词组by no means(决不),in no time(很快),at no time(在任何时候都不),(在任何情况下都不)not until,not only…but also,no sooner…than=hardly…when/scarcely… when。即“否定词+助动词/情态动词+主语+其他”。如: Never have I been in this city.我从没到过这座城市。 Little/Seldom do I watch TV.我很少看电视。 Not until I began to work did I realize how much time I had wasted. 直到我参加了工作我才意识到我浪费了多少时间。 注意: 1)关联词的搭配。 2)前一分句倒装,后一分句不倒装。 3.以so开头,用 “so+助动词/情态动词/系动词+主语”表示前面叙述的情况也适合于另一个人或物,意为“也,同样,也如此”。表示前面叙述的否定情况也适合于另一个人或物,用“neither/nor+助动词/情态动词/系动词+主语”。 Society has changed and so have the people in it.社会变了,人也变了。 注意: 1)当so表示对前句内容的肯定、符合,或进一步强调前面所说的情况,或者赞同前面的说法时,应用自然语序。意为 “的确,正是”。 —Tom works hard.汤姆工作很卖力。 —So he does and so do you.的确如此,你也是。 2)倒装部分的助动词、情态动词、连系动词的时态和形式要与前句相一致。 If you don’t go,neither/nor shall I.(If you don’t go,I shall not go.)你不去,我也不去。 注意:表示前面的多种情况也适合于另一人或物,或者既有肯定又有否定情况或涉及到不同类型的动词时可用:It is the same with sth./sb.或 So it is with sth./sb.句型。 She does well in English,but is poor in maths. So it is with Lucy. 她英语学得好,但数学学的差,露茜也是如此。 4.由as引导让步状语从句要用部分倒装或前置。句式为:表语/状语/动词原形+as+主语+其他。如: Clever as he is,he doesn’t study well.虽然他很聪明,但他学习不好。 Child as he is, he knows a lot.虽然他是个孩子,但他懂得不少事情。 Much as I like it,I won’t buy it.虽然我非常喜欢它,但我不买。 Try as she might, she failed.虽然她试过了,但还是失败了。 注意:表语前的名词无形容词修饰时冠词要省略 5.在so…that从句中,如果so+adj./adv.放在句首,其主句要倒装。 So loudly did he speak that everyone could hear him. 他讲话声音足够大,以至于每个人都能听得见。 6.如果虚拟条件句的谓语含有were,should ,were可以把if省略而将这三个词放于条件句主语前构成倒装。 If it hadn’t been for their help,we couldn’t have finished the work on time. =Hadn’t it been for their help,we couldn’t have finished the work on time. 要不是由于他们的帮助,我们不可能按时完成那项工作。 If there should be a flood,what would we do? =Should there be a flood,what would we do?要是发了洪水,我们该怎么办呢? 7.频度副词及短语often,always,now and then ,many a time ,every other day等放在句首时有时也倒装。 Many a time has he come to comfort me.他来安慰了我好多次。 Often did he warn them not to do so.他经常告诫他们不要那样去做。 8.某些表示祝愿句子也用倒状语序。 May you succeed.祝你成功! Long live the Communist Party of China!中国共产党万岁!

练习:

  1. Not until I began to work __________ how much time I had wasted. A. didn’t I realize
    B. did I realize
    C. I didn’t realize
    D. I realized

  2. Only by practising a few hours every day ________ be able to master the language. A. you can
    B. can you
    C. you will
    D. will you

  3. If you don’t go, neither ____. A. shall I
    B. do I
    C. I do
    D. I shall

  4. No sooner _________ to the station ____ the train left. A. had I got, when
    B. I had got, than C. had I got, than
    D. did I get, when

  5. – Your father is very strict with you.    – ____. He never lets off a single mistake of ours. A. So he is
    B. So is he
    C. He is so
    D. So does he


我是答案的 分界线~ BDACA


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