新概念2 由Percy Buttons展开讲解冠词(2)
发布于 4年前 作者 一只绿色的🍋 1217 次浏览 来自 中考

上次我们讲解了不定冠词a/an的用法,今天我们继续来了解定冠词the的用法。并且知米会为大家搜罗一些针对性的练习,帮助各位小仙女们巩固知识点。 
定冠词the的用法: 1. 特指某(些)人或某(些)事物。这是定冠词the的基本用法。 Beijing is the capital of China. The pen on the desk is mine. 2. 指谈话双方都知道的人或事物。如: Where is the teacher? Open the window, please. 3. 指上文提过的人或事物(第二次出现)。如: There is a chair by the window. On the chair sits a young woman with a baby in her arms. The baby is thin. 4. 用在世界上独一无二的事物前。 如:the earth, the moon, the sun. 5. 用在序数词和形容词最高级前。 He is always the first to come to school. Bob is the tallest in his class. 6. 用在某些专有名词前(由普通名词构成的专用名词)。 the Great Wall, the Summer Palace, the Science Museum, the Children’s Palace, the Party等。 7. 用在一些习惯用语中。 on the day, in the morning (afternoon, evening), the day after tomorrow, the daybefore yesterday, the next year, by the way等。 8. 用在江河湖海、山脉前。 the Yellow River, the Pacific Ocean, the Alps, the Himalayas

除此之外,英语中还有零冠词即不用冠词的情况,我们一起来了解下吧~ 1. 专用名词和不可数名词前。 China, America, Grade One, Class Two, milk, oil, water, paper, science等。 2. 名词前已有如this, that, my, your, some, any等代词修饰。 Go down this street. 3. 复数名词表示一类人或事物时。 We are students.
I like reading stories. 4. 节日、日期、月份、季节前。 Teachers’ Day, Children’s Day, National Day, in summer, in July等。 Today is New Year’s Day.
It is Sunday.
March 8 is Women’s Day. 5. 在某些习惯用语中的名词前。 at noon, at night, at first, at last, at most, at least, by bus(train, air, sea), in bed, in time, in front of, go to school, go to bed, go to college, on foot, at table, in ink, in pencil等。 6. 在三餐饭和球类运动前。 如:She goes to school after breakfast every morning. We are going to play football. We usually have lunch at school. 7. 科目前不加。 We learn Chinese, maths, English and some other subjects.

温馨提示:在每次遇到考察冠词的题目时,大家可以标记出具体的用法,属于上文中的哪一类,方便更加准确的记忆。

系统地了解了冠词的用法之后,请开始以下的练习吧。(先自己练习再对照答案噢) 填空题 (1) We can’t live without ? air. (2) ——Have you seen ? pen? I left it here this morning. ——Is it ? black one? I think I saw it somewhere. (3) I’ve been waiting for him for ? hour. (4) What ? fine weather we have today! (5) Have you ever seen ? tree as tall as this one? (6) Children usually go to ? school at ? age of six. (7) ? Himalayas is ? highest mountain in world. (8) They each have ? book. Li Hua’s is about ? writer. Wang Lin’s is on ? science. (9) ? Physics is ? science of matter and energy. (10) ? sun rises in ? east and sets in ? west.

—————————————————————— 我是答案的分界线~ 答案:1. 不填 2. a,a 3. an 4. 不填 5. a 6. 不填,the 7. The, the,the 8. a, a, 不填 9. 不填,the 10. The, the, the


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