【专八】人文知识模拟题(13)
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英国概况人文知识练习题: 1.Britain was the first country to industrialize because of the following factors except ____. A. Britain was well placed geographically to participate in European and world trade. B. Britain had many rivers, which were useful for transport. C. British engineers had sound training and the inventors were respected. D. British government was increasingly interested in overseas and colonies after the 17th century.

2.The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy. The ____ has very little power. A. queen B. monarch C. prime minister D. king

3.Which party has always had strong links with the trade unions and received financial support from them? A. the Labor Party B. the Conservative Party C. the Liberal Party D. the Social Democratic Party

4.On accepting ____, the age of constitutional monarchy, of a monarchy with powers limited by Parliament, began. A. Constitutional Law B. The Declaration of Independence C. Civil Law D. Bill of Rights

5.Females were allowed to vote in national elections until ____. A. 1918 B. 1916 C. 1920 D. 1896

6.The British North America Act of 1867 established ____ as a domain. A. Australia B. Canada C. New Zealand D. India

7.During World War II, as a war leader, ____ received massive popular support and led his country to final victory in 1945. A. Harold Wilson B. Edward Heath C. Franklin Roosevelt D. Winston Churchill

8.The Falkland Islands war was between Britain and ____. A. France B. New Zealand C. Argentina D. Australia

9.In Britain, a ____ is held when a Member of Parliament dies, retires or resigns. A. civic election B. by-election C. popular election D. general election

10.In the United Kingdom, ministers are appointed by the Queen on the recommendation of ____. A. the Lord Chancellor B. the Monarch C. the Prime Minister D. the King


练习题答案及题解: 1.D 英国之所以能成为世界上最早开始工业化的国家,原因有很多。但英国是从17世纪以后逐步开始对海外贸易和开拓海外殖民地产生浓厚兴趣的。 2.B 英国是君主立宪制国家,国王或女王(君主)几乎没什么实质性的权力。 3.A 保守党和自由党是英国最早成立的两个党派。大致来说,保守党是中上层阶级的党,它得到大公司财政上的支持;而工党,主要得到工会的支持,它的支持者主要是中产阶级和知识分子。 4.D 《权利法案》的签署,标志着英国进入了君主立宪制时代,一个君主几乎没有什么实质性权力并受制于议会的时代。 5.A 直到1918年妇女才在全国大选中享有选举权。 6.B 《1867年英国北美法案》将加拿大纳为它的自治领土。 7.D 在第二次世界大战中,当时的英国首相丘吉尔作为战争统帅受到了英国人民的广泛拥戴,并带领英国人民赢得了战争的最后胜利。 8.C 福克兰群岛战役是发生在英国和阿根廷着这两个国家之间。位于大西洋南部的福克兰群岛从1892年起就是英国的海外殖民地,1982年阿根廷开始控制这些岛屿,但是英国最终打败了阿根廷,并重新占领了这些岛屿。 9.B 英国的下院议会成员中有人去世、退休或辞职时,就要进行补缺选举。 10.C 在英国,部长们是由首相推荐,女王加以任命的。


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