We can make mistakes at any age. Some mistakes we make are about money. But most mistakes are about people. “Did Jerry really care when I broke up with Helen?” “When I got that great job, did Jerry really feel good about it, as a friend? Or did he envy my luck?” When we look back, doubts like these can make us feel bad. But when we look back, it’s too late. Why do we go wrong about our friends or our enemies? Sometimes what people say hides their real meaning. And if we don’t really listen, we miss the feeling behind the words. Suppose someone tells you. "you’re a lucky dog". Is he really on your side? If he says “You‟re a lucky guy” or "You’re a lucky gal". That’s being friendly. But "lucky dog"? There’s a bit of envy in those words. Maybe he doesn’t see it himself. But bringing in the “dog” bit puts you down a little. What he may be saying is that he doesn’t think you deserve your luck. How can you tell the real meaning behind someone’s words? One way is to take a good look at the person talking. Do his words fit the way he looks? Does what he says square with the tone of voice? His posture(体态)? The look in his eyes? Stop and think. The minute you spend thinking about the real meaning of what people say to you may save another mistake.
31.From the questions in the first paragraph we can learn that the speaker ____ A. feels happy, thinking of how nice his friends were to him B. feels he may not have “read” his friends’ true feelings correctly C. thinks it was a mistake to have broken up with his girl friend, Helen D. is sorry that his friends let him down
32.In the second paragraph.the author uses the example of“You‟re a lucky dog”to show that . A. the speaker of this sentence is just being friendly B. this saying means the same as “You’re a lucky guy” or “You’re a lucky gal” C. sometimes the words used by a speaker give a clue to the feeling behind the words D. the word “dog” shouldn’t be used to apply to people
33.This passage tries to tell you how to ____ A. avoid mistakes about money and friends B. bring the“dog’’bit into our conversation C. avoid mistakes in understanding what people tell you D. keep people friendly without trusting them
34.In listening to a person.the important thing is ____ A. to notice his tone，his posture，and the look in his eyes B. to listen to how he pronounces his words C. to check his words against his manner，his tone of voice, and his posture D. not to believe what he says
35.If you followed the advice of the writer, you would ____ A. be able to get the real meaning of what people say to you B. avoid any mistakes while talking with people who envy you C. not lose real friends who say things that do not please you D. be able to observe people as they are talking to you
答案：BCCCA 参考译文： 无论我们长到多少岁，都会犯错误。有时犯金钱上的错误，但大多数时间还是与人有关的错误。“如果我和Helen分手，Jerry会真的在意么?”“我得到了这么棒的工作，Jerry作为我的朋友衷心的为我感到高兴么?或者他会嫉妒我的幸运?”当我们回忆过去，类似这种的疑问让我们感觉很不舒服。但是回忆起这些的时候，想补救已经为时已晚了。 为什么我们总是对我们友善或者敌对的人会错意思呢?因为，有的时候，人们真正要表达的意思其实隐藏在话语背后。那么如果我们没有真正的去聆听，就会错过语言后的感情。要是有人对你说：“You’re a lucky dog.”他是真正的支持你的么?如果他说“你是个幸运的家伙”或者“你是个幸运的女孩”，他的态度应该是友善的。但是，“lucky dog”这个词，好像有点嫉妒的味道在里面。也许说话人自己也没有察觉到。但是，“dog”这个词好像有点贬低你的意思。他想说的可能是他觉得你不配这么幸运。 那么如何分辨出别人话语之外的意思呢?一个办法就是仔细观察说话的人。他说的话和他说话的样子搭配么?和说话的语调符合么?和他的姿势呢?还有眼神?停下来想一想。你用来思索别人话语真正意思花的很少的时间，也许避免了另一个错误。