英语阅读理解在高考英语试题中所占比重较大，同学们在平时的高考复习要多做练习题进行巩固。新更新高考英语阅读理解练习(21 )Bastille 供大家参考。
Why was Bastille important to the citizens of Paris? The building of the Bastille had been started in 1370 under Charles V By the seventeenth century it had stopped to be important for defense. Cardinal Richelieu turned it into a prison. It was not an ordinary prison to punish common crimes. Its huge doors closed only on enemies of the King The Bastille’s workings were secret. Prisoners were taken to it in closed vehicles. Soldiers on guard duty had to stand with their faces to the wall NO talking was allowed Worst of all, a prisoner never knew if he would be there a day, a week, a year, or forever. Only the King’s letter could set him free. Over the years the number of arrests by King’S letter had become fewer. By the time of its fall, most of the prisoners were writers who had written against the corruptions(贪污腐败)of the government. Voltaire, the famous French writer, spent a year there in 1717～1718, and another 12 days in 1726. For those who believed in free speech and free thinking, the Bastille stood for everything evil.The day it was captured, only seven prisoners were found inside. Still, the Bastille was hated by the people. It was a symbol of the King’s complete power.
1.The Bastille had been a prison ____ A. since the time of Charles V B. since 1370 C. before the seventeenth century D. since the time of Cardinal Richelieu
2.According to the passage，which of the following statements is FALSE? A. Anyone who did something wrong could find himself suddenly in the Bastille B. The Bastille was only for those who were opposed to the King. C. Things done in the Bastille were hardly known to people outside D. Voltaire was twice put in the Bastille.
3.At the time of its fall，the Bastille housed ____. A. a large number of prisoners B. a lot of writers who had been against the government C. some dozens of people who believed in free speech and free thinking D. only a few prisoners
4.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A. All prisoners in the Bastille had to stay there for life B. Over the years the number of prisoners in the Bastille was getting more and more. C. The King could put people in, or let them go out, as he wanted. D. At the time it was captured, there were so few prisoners in it that it meant little to the people.
5.This passage mainly ____ A. tells how the prisoners were controlled by the King B. tells how little was known about the Bastille C. shows the inner workings of the Bastille D. gives a brief history of the Bastille
答案：DADCD 参考译文： 为什么说对于巴黎的市民来说，巴士底狱的意义不同一般呢?巴士底狱这一建筑建于查理五世统治时期的1370年。17世纪的时候不再用于防御工事。教皇Richelieu把它变成了一所监狱。这并不是处罚普通罪行的一般监狱。在它巨大的门墙之内，关的仅仅是国王的敌人。巴士底狱的运作方式是秘密的。犯人被完全封闭的交通工具运进来。当值的士兵站岗时要面对高墙，而且禁止交谈。最糟糕的是，囚犯自己从不知道自己要在这关上一天，一周，一年，或者永远。只有国王的亲笔信可以释放里面的囚犯。 在此期间，被国王下令逮捕的人越来越少了。到巴士底狱被攻破的时候，大部分的囚犯都是针对统治者的贪污腐败进行抨击的文人。伏尔泰Voltaire，法国著名的文人，曾经二次被关在这里，一次从1717年到1718年的一年间，一次是在1726被关了12天。 对于信仰言论和思想自由的人们，巴士底狱是一切罪恶的象征。在它陷落的那天，里面只有7位囚犯。即使如此，人民还是对巴士底狱深恶痛绝。因为它是国王专政的象征。