【语法】初中英语语法大全之冠词(一)
发布于 9个月前 作者 活在当下 1004 次浏览 来自 中考

为了帮助同学们备战2017中考,知米整理了初中英语语法大全之冠词,供大家参考。

冠词 冠词是虚词,本身不能单独使用,也没有词义,它用在名词的前面帮助指明名词的含义。冠词分为不定冠词a(an)和定冠词the两种。不定冠词仅用在单数可数名词前面,表示“一”的意义,但不强调数目观念,只表示名词为不特定者。定冠词则表示名词为特定者,表示“这”、“那”、“这些”、“那些”的意思,在可数的单复数名词或不可数名词前面都可以用。

一、不定冠词 We need an apple and a knife. 我们需要一个苹果和一把刀子。 (1)a和an的区别 不定冠词有a[+]和an[+Q]两种形式,a用于辅音(不是辅音字母)开头的词前。an用于元音(不是元音字母)开头的词前。 a boy, a university, a European country u是元音字母,但发音是[U(],是辅音。 an hour ,an honor ,an island h是辅音字母,但它不发音,它的音标是是元音。 an elephant, an umbrella, an egg

(2)不定冠词的用法 ①泛指—类人或物。 eg. This is a pencil case. ②指不具体的某个人或物。 eg. I met an old man on my way home. ③用在序数词前,相当于another. eg. There’s a third boy near the shop. ④表示“每—(个)”,相当于every. eg. They have music lessons twice a week. 必背: give a lesson / take a bath / have a rest 教(一堂)课 / 洗(个)澡 / 休息 have a talk / have a fever / have a good time 听报告 / 发烧 / 过得愉快 have(take)a walk / have a headache / have a nice trip 散步 / 头疼 / 旅途愉快

(3)不定冠词的位置 ①不定冠词—般放在所修饰的单数可数名词前。 Eg. a bike, an egg ②当名词被such, what, many修饰时,不定冠词放在这些词之后。 eg.It took me half an hour to finish my homework. He left in such a hurry that he forgot to close the door. What a dangerous job it is! Many a man has gone to the big cities for work. ③当名词前的形容词前有so, how, too等词时,不定冠词应放在形容词之后。 Eg. She was so nice a girl that she took the blind man to the station. How nice a film this is! ④当名词前面有形容词和quite, rather, very时,不定冠词放在quite, rather之后,very之前。 Eg. It is quite a good book. That is rather a useful too1. This is a very interesting story.

二、定冠词的用法 (1)定冠词的用法表示上文中所提到过的人或物。 Eg: I have two children, a boy and a girl. The boy’s name is Mark. The girl’s name is Penny.

(2)特指某(些)人或物。 Eg: The girl in a red dress comes from America.

(3)指说话人和听话人都熟悉的人或物。 Eg: My shoes are under the bed. Please open the window.

(4)用在形容最高级和部分比较级前,及形容词only, very, same等前面: Eg: That’s the very thing I’ve been looking for. 那正是我要找的东西。 Tom is the taller of the two boys. He is the only person who didn’t pass the exam. 他是唯一一个没通过考试的人。

(5)用在序数词前。 Eg: Monday is the second day of a week. Where do you live? I live on the second floor.

(6)用在世界上独一无二的事物前(如太阳、月亮、世界、地球、天空、宇宙等)。 Eg: The moon moves round the earth.

(7)用在某些形容词前,表示—类人或物。 the rich(富人), the poor(穷人), the deaf(聋人), the blind(盲人), the dead(死者), the wounded(伤员)

(8)用在姓氏复数前,表示“某某—家人”或“某某夫妇”。 Eg: The Greens are having dinner at home.

(9)用在乐器前。(但中国民族乐器前不用冠词,play Erhu拉二胡) Eg: play the piano/guitar/violin/drums.

(10)用于逢“十”的复数数词前,指某个世纪中的几十年代或人的大约年岁。 Eg: In the 1970s, a highway was built to linkup the city with my hometown. I think he is in the thirties.

(11)用在江河、海洋、山脉、湖泊、群岛的名称的前面。 the Yangzi River 长江 the North China Plain 华北平原 the Rocky Mountains 洛矶山脉 the Black Sea 黑海

(12)用在由普通名词和另外一些词构成的专有名词前面。 the Beijing Railway Station 北京站 the People’s Republic of China 中华人民共和国 the United Nations 联合国

(13)含有定冠词the的词组。 in the morning (afternoon ,evening )在上午(下午、晚上) on the right 在左边 by the way 顺便说一下 go to the cinema (theatre ,concert…)去看电影(看戏、听音乐会……) in the front of 在前部 in the front of 在中间 at (in) the beginning 开始 in the end 终于 in the daytime 白天 on the one hand , on the other hand 一方面……;另一方面

注意: 表示某一类人或事物时,以下三种方法都可以。如: The horse is a useful animal. (用定冠词) A horse is a useful animal. (用不定冠词) Horses are useful animals. (用复数) 马是一种有用的动物。


更多精彩学习资料,请关注知米英语资讯平台 微信公众平台:知米背单词 (微信号:ZhimiEnglish) 新浪微博: 知米背单词 百度贴吧: 知米背单词

(文章来源:网络)

回到顶部