英语阅读理解在高考英语试题中所占比重较大，同学们在平时的高考复习要多做练习题进行巩固。新更新高考英语阅读理解练习(15) Alfred Nobel 供大家参考。
Most of us know about the Nobel Prize, especially the Nobel Peace Prize, but few of us know anything about the man who set them up. His name was Alfred Nobel. He was a great scientist and inventor himself. Besides, he had a big business. His business may surprise you. He made and sold explosives. His companies even made and sold weapons. Isn’t this something that surprises you? The man who made money from weapons should set up the Peace Prize? Though Alfred Nobel had a lot of money from weapons, he hated war. He hoped that there would be no war in the world. He was one of the richest in Europe. When he died in 1896, he left behind him a lot of money and his famous will. According to his will, most of his money was placed in a fund. He wanted the interest from the fund to be used as prizes every year. We know them as the Nobel Prizes. The Nobel Prizes are international. Alfred Nobel wanted the winners to be chosen for their work, not the country they came from. Alfred Nobel had given his whole life to his studies and work and to the benefits of mankind. He made money all by his own efforts, but he left the world share his wealth. His inventions and wealth stay with the world for ever.
1.Alfred’s business was ____. A. making and selling explosives B. not making and selling weapons C. making explosives and selling weapons D. making weapons and selling explosives
2.Nobel wanted to set up the Nobel Peace Prize because ____. A. he made enough money B. he hated war C. he wanted to get more interest from the fund D. he liked to live in a peaceful world
3.Nobel Prizes come from ____. A. all Nobel’s money in the fund B. all Nobel’s money in his company C. all the interest from the fund D. some of the interest in the fund
4.Nobel was a (an) ____ person in the world. A. interesting B. unselfish C. kind-hearted D. richest
5.Which statement of the following is Right according to the passage? A. Nobel set up his company to sell clothes. B. Most of Nobel’s money was used for the world Wars. C. Nobel Prizes are only for some people from some special countries. D. Nobel worked hard in his life and saved lots of money for the world to share.
答案： 1.A 此句为细节题。将这两句话His business may surprise you. He made and sold explosives.合并在一起理解.就是：他的企业是制造并贩卖炸药的。 2.B 此句为细节推理题。从he hated war.He hoped that there would be no war in the world.这里可以看出Nobel讨厌战争，因此希望以后不再有战争。 3.C 此句为细节推理题。Nobel Prizes的来源在本文中是指：“He wanted the interest from the fund to be used as prizes every year.”也就是他基金中每年的利息。 4.B 此句为细节推理题。从短文最后一段的内容看，Nobel的无私奉献为世界人民做出了贡献。因此应该说他是一个无私的人。 5.D 此句为细节推理题。在He made money all by his own efforts.But he left the world share his wealth.这句话中，我们可以看出Nobel将所挣的钱全部留给世界人民去分享(share)。