【语法】高考英语语法讲解及练习:固定搭配总结
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1.It’s the first time that……….(从句中用现在完成时) It wasfor the first time that………(强调句,对状语for the first time进行强调) It’s(high) time that………(从句中用过去时或should do) 2.It’s the same with sb. / So it is with sb. 表示某人也如此(用于前句中既有肯定又有否定或两个不同类的谓语动词) 3.…be about to do / be doing……when……. 正要做/正在做……就在那时……. 4.A is twice / three times as +原级+as B A是B的两倍/三倍 A is twice / three times the n. of B. A的…是B的两倍/三倍 A is twice / three times +比较级+than B A比B多两倍/三倍 5.It’s a waste of time / money doing / to do…做……浪费时间/金钱 It’s no use / good doing……… 做……是没有用的 It’s possible / probable / (un) likely that………. 很可能…… It makes great / no sense to do……做某事很有/没意义 6.There’s no use / good doing……. 做……没有用 There’s no sense / point (in) doing…… 做……没有意义 There is no need for sth. / to do……. 没有过必要做…… There is (no) possibility that…………(同位语从句)很可能/没可能…… 7.The+比较级………,the+比较级……… 越………, 越……. 注意:前半句为从句,用一般现在时代替将来时; 8.It seems / appears ( to sb. ) that sb…….在某人看来某人……… = Sb.seems / appears to be / to do / to be doing / to have done……… It seems / looks as if……….好象/似乎……… 9.It (so) happened that sb. ………某人碰巧……… = Sb. happened to be / to do / to be doing /to have done…… 10.It is said / thought / believed / hoped / supposed …….that sb……… =Sb. is said to be / to do / to be doing / to have done……….(注意:这种句型里如带动词hope则不能变成简单句,因为无hopesb. to do结构) 12.…….such…….that…….如此…….以致于(引导结果状语从句) …….such………as……像………的这种……(as为关系代词,引导定语从句,在从句里充当主、宾、表) 13.Do you mind if I do sth.? / Would you mind if I did sth.? 你介意我做……吗? 14.The chance is that………/ (The )Chances are that……….很可能……. 15.Check/ Make sure / See to it / See that………(从句中常用一般现在时) 确信/务必……… 16.depend on it that………取决于 see to it that…….负责/设法做到……. 注意:除了except / but / in等介词可以直接接that从句,其它介词后必须用it做形式宾语; 17.It is/ was +介词短语/ 从句/ 名词/代词等+that……… How /When / Where / Why is / was it that…………? 注意:此句型为强调句,当被强调的为表示人的词时,还可用who连接;强调主语时,从句后的谓语动词应与前面的主语保持一致;注意与定语从句的区别) 18.How is it that………(这几个句型都表示“怎么会…….?” “怎么发生的?”) How come+从句? How does / did sth. come about? ( How did itcome about that…….?) 如:How come you are late again? 19.There seems / appears / happens to be / must be / can’t be / is (are, was, were) said to be / is (are, was, were) thought to be……. 表示 “.似乎有/碰巧有/一定有/不可能有/ 据说有/认为有………” 介词(如of )there being want /wish / expect there to be要/希望/期待有……… adj. /adv. enough for there to be…….足够…….会有……. 注意:there being / there to be为therebe的非谓语形式;It is said / thought that there is / are……=Thereis / was / are / were said (thought) to be……. 如: Eg: I have never dream of there being such a good chance for me. It won’t be cold enough for there to be a frost tonight. 20.疑问词+插入语+陈述语序? Eg: Who do you think he’ll have attend the meeting? 21.But for + n. / pron., sb. / sth. would (not) have done……要不是…….,某人早就……(表示虚拟语气)=If it had not been for……,……./If there had not been ……… 22.It won(’t) be long before +从句(从句中用一般现在时)不久/很久就要……. It was (not) long before+从句(从句中用一般过去时)不久/很久才……… 23.Those who………….(从句及主句中谓语动词用复数形式). Anyone who…………= Whoever…………(从句及主句中谓语动词用单数形式) 24…….主句(一般现在时或过去时)……when从句….(might/ should do 或might / should have done) 表示”对比”,意思为 “本该……(可)而却”,主句中为陈述语气,从句里为虚拟语气 Eg: Why are you here when you should be in school?你本该上学的怎么在这儿? He stopped trying when he might have succeeded .本该已成功了他却停止努力了. 25.There is ./ Sb. have no doubt that………(同位语从句,that不可省略) 毫无疑问…… There is / Sb. have some doubt whether………(同位语从句不可用if)不确定…是否… Sb. doubt if / whether……. 某人怀疑是否…… Sb. don’t doubt that……… 某人不怀疑…… 26.immediately / directly / instantly / the moment +从句 on / upon + n. / doing No sooner had sb. done than …….(过去时) Hardly had sb. done when………(过去时) 注意:这几个结构都表示“一…….就”; 27.everytime / each time / the last time / the first time / next time +从句(名词性短语引导一个时间状语句) anywhere / everywhere +从句(相当于wherever引导的地点状语从句) Eg: You can go anywhere you like. Next timeyou come, please bring your son along. 28.If only / I wish +从句(用过去类时态) 表示虚拟语气, “要是…….就好了” “但愿……就好了!” 29.Considering+ n. 或 pron. 或 that从句 / Seeing that……….考虑到/鉴于……. Given + n. / pron作状语,表示 “在有……的情况下” “如果有” “假定”,有时也表示”考虑到” Eg:Seeing (that) he refused to help us, there is no reason why we should help him now. Given good health, I hope to finish the work this year. Given their inexperience / that they are inexperienced, they’ve done a good job. 30.There was a time when…….曾经有那么一度………. 31.other than与no, not, none等否定词连用,表示肯定意思,如: Eg: It was none other than Mr. Smith.这正是Smith先生. 32.Not until…….did / do/ does / will sb. do…… It was / is not until ……that sb……… 33.It’s(un) like sb. to do / to have done……做某事很像某人/ 做某事可不像某人 34.It remains to be seen Wh–words ………是否…….还有待于看.(不用that, if作连接词) 35.It only remains for sb. to do……剩下的只是要某人做某事. Eg: We’ve got everything ready. It only remains for you to come to dinner. 36.One moment……., and now………刚才一会儿还在做……而现在却… 37.Notall / both / everyone………表示部分否定 38.Such is / are………这(些)就是…….(谓语动词单复数由后面名词决定) 39.I’d rather (not) do / have done……我宁愿… 41.I like / hate / appreciate it that / when等从句 (it表示后面从句的这种情况) Eg: I appreciate it if you will give me a hand. 42.By the time +从句(一般现在时/过去时),主句(将来完成时/过去完成时) 43………., as is often the case with sb. / as is usual with sb.(as引导非限制性定语从句) 44.in case / lest / for fear that…….(从句中用陈述语气或shoulddo) 45.While置于句首可表示Aslong as 或 Although Eg: While there is life there is hope. While I admit his good points, I can see his bad ones. 46.cannot ( never) ……too +adj. (adv. ) / adj. (adv.) + enough “越……越好”“非常” too + adj. ( anxious / eager / willing / ready / glad等)+to do….表示肯定意思 Eg: I can’t thank you enough.我非常感激你. He was too glad to see his father.=He was very glad to see his father. 47.not /neve等表示否定的词与比较级连用表示最高级,如: Eg:-----Do you agree with his suggestion? -------I can’t agree more. 48.What if………要是…….怎么办? Eg:What if he doesn’t come tomorrow? 49.more………than与其…….不如……… Eg:He is more nervous than frightened. 50.It is/ has been +一段时间+since从句(从句中如为延续性动词,则实际表示的意思相反) Eg:It is two years since he drank.他不喝酒已两年了.


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