【语法】高考英语语法讲解及练习:非谓语动词
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非谓语:to do/ doing / done 一、To do(to be done) / doing / done 作状语的区别: To do(to be done):作目的状语,结果状语(特定句型) Doing(being done, having done )/done: 作伴随、时间、原因、让步、结果状语等。 Practice: 1)________ (complete) the task ahead of time, they kept working throughout the night. 2)The spy broke into the bank, ________ (only find) two policemen waiting for him with a gun. 3)He hurried back home, ________ (leave) piles of work unfinished. 4)________ (defeat) time and again, he still didn’t lose heart. Key: 1)To/ In order to complete 目的 2)only to find 后接to do 形式,表示一种未预料的结果 3)leaving 结果 4)Defeated让步

二、To do(to be done) / doing / done 作定语的区别: To do(to be done):多表示未完成的动作,和某些特定句型 doing :(being done):表示正在进行和经常性的动作 done :被动,完成的动作和经常性的动作 Practice: 1)The commander gave an order ____(attack) the enemy before dawn. 2)Who were the first people ________(reach) American continent. 3)People ________(live) in this area feed on rice. 4)Areas ________(strike) by a hurricane are usually in a mess before things return to normal. Key: 1)to attack 未完成 2)to reach特定句型first/ second等序数词之后 3)living 主动经常性 4)struck/ stricken被动、经常性

三、To do/to be done 与 to have done / to have been done: 后者表示动作发生在主动词之前。 Practice: 1)At the moment they are preparing for the concert________ ( hold) in a fortnight time. 2)The novel is reported ________ (translate) into German already. 3)He wished ________ (praise) at the meeting held the day before. 4)I am glad________ (meet) you. I hope to see you soon. Key: 1)to be held 2)to have been translated 3)to have been praised 4)to have met    四、doing / being done / having done 与 done doing :主动、进行或经常性的动作、状态 being done:被动、进行或经常性 having done:主动,完成于主动词之前 done:被动,完成的动作、或经常性的动作、状态 Practice: 1)When ________ (heat) , ice will turn into water. 2)While ________ (wander) in the street, he came across an old friend of his. 3)The manager spoke at the conference, ________ (express) his satisfaction with the project. 4)________ (wipe ) the table, the waitress asked the couple to be seated. 5)________ (raise) geese for years, he became an expert at keeping geese. 6)The book ________ (publish) last month is on grammar. 7)The project ________ (carry out) these days is to be completed by the end of this year. Key: 1)heated 2) wandering 3) expressing 4) Having wiped 5) Having raised 6)published 7) being carried out )

五、下列动词后只能接动名词(-ing):suggest, finish, avoid, stop, can’t help, mind, enjoy, require, practise, miss, escape, pardon, advise, consider, imagine, keep, appreciate, escape, permit。 Practice: 1.The party was successful, but we thought it a pity not ________ you. A.to have invited B. inviting C.to invite D. invited

2.-- If Mary doesn’t come to work on time, she may be fired. –Surely she is not so foolish ________ it. A.as not to realize B. not as to realize C. that she didn’t realize D.as not realizing

3.The picure ________ on the wall is painted by my brother. A.having hung B.hanging C.hangs D. being hung

4.I appreciate ________ me during the debate. A. of your supporting B. you to support C. your supporting D. to your supporting

5.The news reporters hurried to the airport, only ________ the film stars had gone. A. tell B. to be told C. telling D. told

6.I know what kind of boss he is, so I know what ________of him. A. expcted B. to expect C. to be expecting D. expects

7.________made all of them much disappointed. A. Her not coming back B. her not to come back C. Not her returning D. Not her being back

8.Mrs Smith warned her daughter ________ after drinking. A. never to drive B. to never drive C.never driving D.never drive

9.The boy wanted to swim in the lake, but his mother told him ________. A. not to B. not to do C. not to do it D. do not to

10.I regret ________ you that we are unable to offer you the job. A. inform B. having informed C. to inform D. informed

11.The flowers ________ sweet in the botanical garden attract the visitors to the beauty of nature. A. to smell B. smelling C. smelt D. to be smelt

12.Don’t use words, expressions, or phrases ________ only to people with specific knowledge. A. being known B. having been known C. to be known D. known

13.While shopping, people sometimes can’t help ________ into buying something they don’t really need. A. to pursue B. persuading C. being persuaded D. be persuaded

14.Cleaning women in big cities usually get ________ by the hour. A.pay B.paying C.paid D.to pay

16.A number of new machines were installed in the factory, thus ________ an increase in production. A. to result in B. results C.resulting in D.resulted in

17.It shames me to say it, but I told a lie when____at the meeting by my boss. A.questioning B.having questioned C. questioned D. to be questioned

18.________, but he still couldn’t understand it. A. He had been told many times B. having been told many times C. told many times D. Although he had been told many times

19.________ comfortably in her armchair, the old lady enjoyed light music on the MP3 with her eyes half ________. A.Seated; closed B.Sat; closing C. Seating; closed D. sitting; close

20.________ made the student ________ interest in his study. A. Being punished; to lose B. Punished; lose C. Being punished; lose D. having been punished; lose

21.What worried the child most was ________ to visit his mother in the hospital. A. his not allowing B. his not being allowed C. his being not allowed D. having not been allowed

22.All the managers agreed that the matter required ________. A. to look into B. being looked into C. to be looked into D. looking into

23.I feel it is your husband who ________ for the spoiled child. A. is to blame B. is going to blame C. is to be blamed D. should blame.

24.She had no choice but ________ to the end. A. fight B. to fight C. fighting D. fought

25.Without facts, we can not form a worthwhile opinion, for we need factual knowledge ____ our thinking. A.which to be based on B. on which to base C. which to base upon D. to which to be based

keys: 1.A 2.A动词不定式的否定not to do 3.B hang“挂”表状态时用主动 4.C 5.BOnly to do表令人失望的结果 6.B(expect sth of sb 期待某人…eg. Don’t expect too mach of her(不要对她期望过高) 7.A 8.A 9.A动词不定式的省略 10 C regret doing后悔做过…. regret to do对将做的事表示遗憾. 11.Bsmelling做定语12.D 13.Ccan’t help doing/being done情不自禁做… 14.C get done = be done 16.Cdoing表结果 17.C 18.A注意but应连接句子 19.A 20.C doing的被动being done做主语done 不能做主语 21.B 22.D require/need/want doing=require/need to be done 23.A.句式sb/sth is to blame((主动表被动) 24.B25.B介词+which +to do(做定语),相当于一个定语从句—which we base our thinking on


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