【语法】高考英语语法讲解及练习:现在完成时
发布于 9个月前 作者 活在当下 974 次浏览 来自 高考

Tenses and voices A. 现在完成时: 1)表示过去某时发生的行为对主语目前产生的影响。即用过去发生的某个行为来说明现在的某种情况。往往含有“已经……”, “已经……了”的意思。 Eg.Don’t think any more about it. I have decided not to help you. I have experienced that before, so I know how to deal with it.

2)到目前为止已发生的。与so far, up till now, in the past/ last …….days/ years, today, this month/ year 等 “包括现在在内的时间状语”连用。 My brother is an actor. He has appeared in several films so far. Great changes have taken place in this area in the recent years.

3)表示过去开始的动作或状态延续到现在。与for…/ since 连用。 He has worked in the south for ten years/ since ten years ago.

Compare (1):完成进行时表示过去开始的动作一直在进行,直至现在。 He has been working on this project since last month.

(2) 过去时态:指发生在过去某段时间内的事。 He once worked in the south for ten years (现在不在南方)

(3) 过去完成时态:指发生在过去某个时间以前的动作或状态。常与by/ by the end of…(到了……的时候”连用。例如: 1)By the time we got to the theatre, they had sold all the tickets.

2)How many words had you leaned by the end of last year?

B. Practice: 1.It is reported that the president once______ in the Viet Nam’s war for three years from 1966-1970. A. served B. had served C. has served D. was serving 2.—No one answered when I called at 6 yesterday. —I ________ to rock music and was absorbed in it. A listened B was listening C. has listened D. had listened 3.I wasn’t paying attention to what he was talking about, so I am afraid I ___ his speech very well. A. had not understood B. has not understood C. did not understand D. don’t understand 4.I _____ good at table tennis, but I haven’t played it for ages. A. am B. was C. has been D. used to be 5.I _________ where she gets her money all these days. A. am often wondering B. often wondered C. had often wondered D.have often wondered 6.—Tell me what _______ while I was absent. —A thief tried to break into the house when I _______ in your house. A. happened/ stayed B. was happening/ was staying C. happened/ was staying D. was happening/ stayed 7.—You are always watching TV. —Only on Sundays. And nobody ______ it but you. A. knows B. has known C. knew D. is knowing 8.When the old man ______ to walk back to his house ,the sun _____ itself behind the mountain. A.started ;had already hidden B.had started ;had already hidden C.had started ;was hiding D.was starting; hid 9.Years ago we didn’t know this, but recent science ______ that people who don’t sleep well soon get ill. A. showed B. has shown C. will show D. is showing 10.It ______ for weeks before the first cold wave struck the area. A. rained B. was raining C. has rained D. had been raining

Keys: a b c a d / c a a b d


更多精彩学习资料,请关注知米英语资讯平台 微信公众平台:知米背单词 (微信号:ZhimiEnglish) 新浪微博: 知米背单词 百度贴吧: 知米背单词

(文章来源:网络)

回到顶部