【专四】词汇语法:选择题练习(1)
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1. Although ____ Spanish, he attended the course.

A. he was knowing 
B. he is knowing
C. having a knowledge of 
D. knows

2. You ____that letter to James. However, you didn’t.

A. ought to write 
B. ought to have written
C. should write 
D. should be writing

3. Joseph was very lucky ____ with his life; he almost did not get out of the room.

A. to escape 
B. to have escaped
C. to escaping 
D. to be escaping

4. Bread and butter ____liked by Westerners.

A. is 
B. are 
C. were 
D. be

5. The back garden of our house contains a lawn, ____very pleasant to sit on in summer.

A. which is 
B. which it is 
C. it is 
D. where it is

6. He set up in business ____ his own and was very successful.

A. in 
B. of 
C. on 
D. by

7. John’s score on the test is the highest in the class; he ____ last night.

A. must have studied
B. charged 
C. punished 
D. posed

8. Modern ___perhaps causes more problems than it solves.

A. technique 
B. technology
C. tactics 
D.tendency

9. Mary tiptoed over and took the clock away because she hated to hear it __ when she was trying to go to sleep.

A. sounding 
B. ringing 
C. ticking 
D. humming

10. Under this ____ pressure some of the rocks even became liquid.

A. intensive 
B.weighty 
C.intense 
D.bulky

答案详解:

1. C)【句意】虽然只懂一点西班牙语,但他还是参加了这个课程的学习。
   【难点】know是静态动词,不能用于进行时;选knows从句中又缺少主语。knowledge作“知识”讲时是不可数名词,但作“了解”讲时,前面可加“a”,常用于词组have a knowledge of中,所以选C)。

2. B)【句意】你本应该给詹姆斯写信,然而,你没写。
   【难点】ought to have written是虚拟语气,与本句句意相符。

3. B)【句意】约瑟夫幸运地逃了性命;他险些没从房间里逃出来。
   【难点】to have escaped 是不定式的完成式,表示过去的某一动作业已完成。

4. A)【句意】黄油面包受西方人青睐。
   【难点】bread and butter 是西方人吃的一种食品,虽然有三个字,表达的却是一个东西,并且是不可数名词,作单数。

5. A)【句意】我家的后花园有一片草坪,夏天坐在上面会令你心旷神怡。
   【难点】which引出非限制性定语从句,在句中作主语,且和sit on 构成动宾关系。类似的句子有:This room is comfortable to live in 这句中live in 和this room构成动宾关系。

6. C)【句意】他独自一人开始经商,并且做得很成功。
   【难点】on one’s own 是个常用的介词词组,意为“独自”;of one’s own表示“某人自己的(东西)”,如:I have a flat of my own.我自己有套房子。

7. A)【句意】约翰的考试分数全班最高;他昨天晚上一定学习了。
   【难点】表示对过去某一动作行为的猜测须要用must have done这一句型结构。

8. B)【句意】现代技术所引发的问题也许比它所能解决的要多。
   【难点】technique意为“技法;具体的技术”;technology意为“工业技术”;tactics意为“战术,兵法,策略”;tendency意为“倾向”。

9. C)【句意】玛丽蹑手蹑脚走过来把钟拿走了,因为她讨厌在自己想睡觉的时候听它滴哒地响。
   【难点】sound意为“作声,发声,响”;ring意为“鸣,发出清脆响亮的声音”;tick意为“发出滴哒声”;hum意为“发连续低沉的声音(如蜜蜂、马达的嗡嗡声)”。

10. C)【句意】在这种强大的压力下,一些岩石甚至变成了液体。
   【难点】intensive意为“加强的、集中的”;weighty意为“沉重的、笨重的”;intense意为“强烈的、剧烈的”;bulky意为“庞大的、粗壮的”。

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