【词汇】常用的不规则变化动词形态大全(一)
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一、A—A—A型,即原形、过去式和过去分词三者都相同。(共9个)

cost—cost—cost

cut—cut—cut

hit—hit—hithurt—hurt—hurt

let—let—let

put—put—put

read—read—read

set—set—set

shut—shut—shut

二、A—B—B型,即过去式、过去分词相同。(共41个)

1.过去式和过去分词都含有-ought。(3个)

bring—brought—brought

buy—bought—bought

think—thought—thought

2.词尾有-ild,-end时,只需把d变为t。(4个)

build—built—built

lend—lent—lent

send—sent—sent

spend—spent—spent

3.过去式、过去分词都含有-aught。(2个)

catch—caught—caught

teach—taught—taught

4.把-eep变为-ept。(3个)

keep—kept—kept

sleep—slept—slept

sweep—swept—swept

5.把-ell变为-old。(2个)

tell—told—told

sell—sold—sold

6.过去式、过去分词都含有-elt或-ilt。(4个)

smell—smelt—smelt

spell—spelt—spelt

feel—felt—felt

spill—spilt—spilt

7.过去式、过去分词都在原形词尾加t。(3个)

learn—learnt—learnt

mean—meant—meant

spoil—spoilt—spoilt

8.过去式、过去分词词尾是d。(4个)

say—said—said

pay—paid—paid

lay—laid—laid

hear—heard—heard

9.改变元音字母。(11个)

meet—met—met

get—got—got

sit—sat—sat

find—found—found

hold—held—held

spit—spat—spat

shine—shone—shone

win—won—won

hang—hung—hung

dig—dug—dug

lose—lost—lost

10.改变辅音字母。(1个)

make—made—made

11.改变元、辅音字母。(4个)

leave—left—left

stand—stood—stood

have(has)—had—had

understand—understood—understood   三、A—B—C型,即原形、过去式、过去分词都不相同。(共35个)

1.i—a—u变化。(6个)

begin—began—begun

drink—drank—drunk

sing—sang—sung

ring—rang—rung

swim—swam—swum

sink—sank—sunk

2.词尾为-ow,-aw时,过去式将其变为-ew,过去分词在其原形后加n。(5个)

blow—blew—blown

draw—drew—drawn

grow—grew—grown

know—knew—known

throw—threw—thrown(show除外)

3.词尾为“i+辅(1个)+e”,过去式将i变为o,过去分词多在原形后加n,若那个辅音字母为d或t,须双写d或t后加n。(4个)(give,hide除外)

drive—drove—driven

write—wrote—written

ride—rode—ridden

rise—rose—risen

4.过去分词在过去式后加(e)n。(5个)

break—broke—broken

choose—chose—chosen

freeze—froze—frozen

speak—spoke—spoken

wake—woke—woken

5.过去分词由过去式加-ten构成。(1个)

forget—forgot—forgotten

6.过去分词由原形加(e)n构成。(6个)

be—was(were)—been

eat—ate—eaten

fall—fell—fallen

give—gave—given

see—saw—seen

hide—hid—hidden(hid)

7.词尾为-ake时,过去式将其变为-ook,过去分词在原形词后加-n。(2个)

take—took—taken

mistake—mistook—mistaken

8.原形、过去式和过去分词都不相同。(6个)

do—did—done

fly—flew—flown

go—went—gone

lie—lay—lain

show—showed—shown

wear—wore—worn

四、A—A—B型,即过去式和原形相同。(1个)

beat—beat—beaten

五、A—B—A型,即过去分词和原形相同。(3个)

come—came—come

become—became—become

run—ran—run

六、情态动词型,只有原形和过去式,没有过去分词。(4个)

can—could

may—might

will—would

shall—should


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