【错题】中考易错题集锦(1)
发布于 5年前 作者 活在当下 2955 次浏览 来自 中考

1.Because he was ill yesterday, so he didn‘t go to work。 (×)

Because he was ill yesterday, he didn‘t go to work。 (√)

He was ill yesterday, so he didn‘t go to work。 (√)

[析]用though, but表示“虽然……,但是…… ”或用because, so表示“因为……,所以……”时,though和but及because和so都只能择一而用,不能两者同时使用。

2.The Smiths have moved Beijing。 (×)

The Smiths have moved to Beijing。 (√)

[析]不及物动词后接名词或代词作宾语时,要在动词之后加上适当的介词;但不及物动词后接home, here, there等副词作宾语时,动词之后不必加任何介词。

3.The box is too heavy for him to carry it。 (×)

The box is too heavy for him to carry。 (√)

[析] the box既是这句话的主语,也是不定式to carry的逻辑宾语,若句末再加上it,就和the box重复了。

4.Each of the boys have a pen。 (×)

Each of the boys has a pen。 (√)

[析]复数名词前有表个体的each of, one of, every,either of等词组修饰,或有表否定的neither of, none of等词组修饰时,谓语动词要用单数形式。

5.例:那是你心软!我不就是一个例子吗?

Neither he nor you is good at English。 (×)

Neither he nor you are good at English。 (√)

[析] either…or…, neither… nor…, not only…, but also…等词组连接句子的两个主语时,谓语动词遵循“就近一致原则”,即由靠近谓语的那个主语决定谓语的人称和数用何种形式。

6.Ten minus three are seven。 (×)

Ten minus three is seven。 (√)

[析]用英语表示加(plus)、减(minus)等数学运算时,谓语动词也用单数形式。

7.The number of the workers in this factory are about 5,000。 (×)

The number of the workers in this factory is about 5,000。 (√)

[析] the number of表示“……的数量”,谓语动词用单数形式;a number of的意思是“若干”或“许多”,相当于some或a lot of,和复数名词连用,谓语动词用复数形式。

8.例。 Hello! I have important something to tell you。 (×)

Hello! I have something important to tell you。 (√)

[析]形容词或动词不定式修饰不定代词作定语时,修饰成分要置于不定代词之后。

9.His son is enough old to go to school。 (×)

His son is old enough to go to school。 (√)

[析] enough作形容词修饰名词时,可以放在名词前,也可放在名词后;作副词修饰形容词或副词时,只能放在形容词或副词之后。

10.Here is your sweater, put away it。(×)

Here is your sweater, put it away。 (√)

[析] put away, pick up, put on等“动词+副词”构成的词组后接代词作宾语时,代词只能放在动词和副词之间。   11.Look! Here the bus comes。(×)

Look! Here comes the bus。(√)

[析]在以here, there引起的陈述句中,若句子的主语是名词,要用倒装语序,即用“Here /There+动词+名词”结构;但主语若是代词时,则不用倒装语序,即用“Here/There +代词+动词”结构。

12.I do well in playing football,-----。 (我妹妹也行。)A。 so my sister does(×)B。 so does my sister(√)

Li Lei is really a football fan。 — -----。 (确实这样。) A。 So is he(×) B。 So he is(√)

[析] “so+be动词/助动词+主语”的倒装结构表示前面所述情况也适用于后者,意为“……也是这样”;“so+主语+be动词/助动词”的陈述结构表示对前述情况的肯定,意为“……确实如此”。

13.重庆比中国的其他城市都大。

Chongqing is larger than any city in China。 (×)Chongqing is larger than any other city in China。 (√)

[析] “any city in China”包括了重庆这座城市,同一事物自己与自己不能做比较,只有在city前加上other才能表示重庆和中国的其它城市比较大小。

The weather in Guangzhou is warmer than Beijing。 (×)

The weather in Guangzhou is warmer than that in Beijing 。 (√)

[析]表示比较时,句子中的两个比较对象必须一致,不同的比较对象不能做比较。错误句的比较对象分别为the weather in Guangzhou和Beijing,这两个不同类的事物之间不能做比较。

14.His sister married with a teacher last summer。(×)His sister married a teacher last summer。 (√)

[析]表达“A和B结婚”,要用A married/will marry B。这时务必要避免受汉语影响使用A married/will marry with B。

15.例There is going to have a film tonight。 (×) There is going to be a film tonight。 (√)

[析]一般将来时用在There be句式中时,be going to或will之后的动词原形只能用be,也就是说要用There is (are) going to be。。。。 / There will be。。。。。

16.例I‘ll go hiking if it won’t rain next Sunday。 (×)I‘ll go hiking if it doesn’t rain next Sunday。(√)

[析]习惯上在含有时间状语从句和条件状语从句的复合句中,如果主句的谓语动词用了一般将来时,从句的谓语动词要用一般现在时表示将来的动作。

17.例Teacher told us yesterday that the earth went around the sun。 (×)

Teacher told us yesterday that the earth goes around the sun。 (√)

[析]习惯上在含有宾语从句的复合句中,主句的谓语动词用了一般过去时,从句的谓语动词要用过去的某种时态。但如果从句表述的是一客观事实或客观真理时,则不受主句时态的影响,而用一般现在时。

18.All the balls are not round。翻译成汉语:

所有的球都不是圆的。(×)并不是所有的球都是圆的。(√)

[析] all, every, both等词和not连用时,not通常放在all, every, both的后面,一般情况下表示部分否定,意为“并非……都……”。

19.例— He didn‘t go to school yesterday, did he?-- -----, though he didn’t feel very well。

A. No, he didn‘t (×) B. Yes, he did (√)

例— Don‘t you usually come to school by bike?-- -----。 But I sometimes walk。

A. No, I don‘t (×) B. Yes, I do (√)

[析]习惯上英语中的yes意为“是的”,no意为“不”,但在“前否后肯”的反意疑问句或否定疑问句中,yes意为“不”,no意为“是的”。

20.---- Excuse me, is the supermarket far from here?---- No,it‘s about -----。

A. 7 minutes walk B. 7 minute walk C. 7 minutes‘ walk D. 7 minute’s walk

答案为C。本题考查名词所有格用法。当名词的复数以-s结尾时,则只需要加“‘”即可,则“7分钟的距离”为“7 minutes’ walk”。


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