【阅读】美文阅读记单词(一)
发布于 5年前 作者 活在当下 3205 次浏览 来自 四级

The roles of men and women

The pattern of sharing in tasks and in decisions makes for equality, and this in turn leads to further If the process goes too far and man’s role is regarded as less important, and that has happened in some cases, we are as badly off as before, only in reverse. It is time to reassess the role of the man in the American family. We are getting a little tired of “Momism(母亲崇拜)”, but we don’t want to exchange it for a “neo-Popism”. What we need, rather, is the recognition that bringing up children involves a partnership of equals We have almost given up saying that a woman’s place is in the home. We are beginning, however, to analyze man’s place in the home and to insist that he does have a place in it. Nor is that place irrelevant to the healthy development of the child. The family is a cooperative enterprisefor which it is difficult to lay down rules, because family needs to work out its own ways for solving its own problems. Excessive authoritarianism has unhappy consequences, whether it wears skirts or trousers, and the ideal of equal rightsand equal responsibilities is pertinent(相关的) not only to a healthy democracy, but also to a healthy family.

[A] credit [B] reverse [C] notions [D] analyze [E] exchange [F] cooperation [G] irrelevant [H] partnership [I] consequences [J]cooperative

男女角色

在一个男人和女人的角色没有明显区别的,许多家务或多或少由两人共同承担的家庭中,男性优越的观念就很难继续存在。这种共同分担工作和做出决定的模式有助于男女平等,而这种平等反过来又有利于更进一步地分担责任。在这样的家庭中成长的男孩或女孩比他们的双亲更容易接受这种平等,学习为踏入以协作而不是“性别大战”为特征的社会做更充分的准备。 但如果发展太过,男人的角色变得不如以前重要,而在一些情况下也发生过这样的事,我们就会像过去一样处境维艰,仅仅是将情况反过来罢了。 是重新评价美国男人在家庭中的作用的时候了。对“母亲崇拜”我们已逐渐变得有点厌倦,但我们也不想代之以“新的父亲崇拜”。我们更需要的是要认识到养育孩子涉及到两个人的合作。有迹象表明,精神病学家、心理学家、社会工作者和家庭问题专家更加关注男人所扮演的角色,他们已觉得妇女不应该得到所有的赞誉——也不应该承受所有的责备。我们已不再说妇女的职责就是呆在家里。反之,我们开始分析男人在家里的职责,并坚持认为他在家里确实有职责。而他们的职责与孩子的健康发展有很大关系。


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