【阅读】六级美文阅读—Stress and Relaxation,提升阅读水平!
发布于 5年前 作者 William老师 1591 次浏览 来自 六级

Stress and Relaxation

It is commonly believed that only rich middle-aged businessmen suffer from stress. In fact anyone may become ill as a result of stress if they experience a lot of worry over a long period and their health is not especially good. Stress can be a friend or an enemy: it can warn you that you are under too much pressure and should change your way of life. It can kill you if you don’t notice the warning signals. Doctors agree that it is probably the biggest single cause of illness in the Western world. When we are very frightened and worried our bodies produce certain chemicals to help us fight what is troubling us. Unfortunately, these chemicals produce the energy needed to run away fast from an object of fear, and in modern life that’s often impossible. If we don’t use up these chemicals, or if we produce too many of them, they may actually harm us. The parts of the body that are most affected by stress are the stomach, heart,skin, head and back. Stress can cause car accidents, heart attacks, and alcoholism, and may even drive people to suicide. Our living and working conditions may put us under stress. Overcrowding in large cities, traffic jams, competition for jobs, worry about the future, any big changes in our lives, may cause stress. Some British doctors have pointed out that one of Britain’s worst waves of influenza happened soon after the new coins came into use. Also if you have changed jobs or moved house in recent months you are more likely to fall ill than if you haven’t. And more people commit suicide in times of inflation. As with all illnesses, prevention is better than cure. If you find you can’t relax, it is a sign of danger. “When you’re taking work home, when you can’t enjoy an evening with friends, when you haven’t time for outdoor exercise—that is the time to stop and ask yourself whether your present life really suits you.” Says one family doctor. " Then it’s time to join a relaxation class, or take up dancing, painting or gardening."

人们普遍认为只有富裕的中年商人有压力。事实上,任何人都可能会生病,因为压力的结果,如果他们经历了很多担心,在很长一段时间,他们的健康是不是特别好。压力可以是一个朋友或敌人:它可以警告你,你是在太大的压力,应该改变你的生活方式。 它可以杀死你,如果你不注意到警告信号。医生们认为这可能是西方世界最大的一个疾病的原因。当我们非常害怕和焦虑的时候,我们的身体会产生一些化学物质来帮助我们对抗困扰着我们的东西。 不幸的是,这些化学物质产生的能量需要迅速逃离恐惧的对象,而在现代生活中,这往往是不可能的。如果我们不使用这些化学物质,或者如果我们生产太多,他们可能会伤害我们。受压力影响最严重的部位是胃、心脏、皮肤、头部和背部。 压力可能会导致汽车事故,心脏病发作,和酗酒,甚至可能会开车的人自杀。我们的生活和工作条件可能使我们处于压力之下。在大城市的拥挤,交通堵塞,就业竞争,对未来的担忧,我们生活中的任何重大改变,都可能造成压力。一些英国医生指出,一个英国最严重的流感波发生后不久,新的硬币投入使用。而且,如果你在最近几个月换了工作或搬家的话,你可能会生病,而不是如果你没有。和所有的疾病一样,预防胜于治疗。如果你发现你不能放松,这是一种危险的迹象。”当你在工作的时候,当你不能享受与朋友的一个晚上,当你没有时间进行户外运动,是时候停下来问自己,你现在的生活是否真的适合你,一个家庭医生说。然后是时候加入一个放松的类,或采取舞蹈,绘画或园艺。”


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