【专八】专八翻译练习及技巧!
发布于 3年前 作者 来自外太空的鱼 1913 次浏览 来自 其他

在没有充分的英语语言环境的情况下,如何运用有效的练习方法自我营造出英语口语的学习氛围不仅是参加雅思考试的中国考生所关心的问题,更是所有学习英语口语的中国学生经常会面临的问题。这里从雅思口语的角度出发,从基础较弱的考生出发,跟大家一起分享英语口语的进阶过程:模仿-复述-原创。

一、模仿(Imitation)— 跟读是起点

1. 方法

众所周知,模仿最基本的方法便是跟读。跟读的途径可以是两种:一种是听录音跟读;一种是看录像跟读。对于还处在备考初期,口语较弱的考生来说还不急于接触雅思考试的真题,不管是录音还是录像,都可以选择较简单,较实用,较生活化的材料跟读如新概念的一二册。可以对着镜子矫正自己的口型,语速由慢及快的练习。

2. 目的

说过了专八复习经验,说过了专八人文知识,今天我们来说说翻译。话不多说先来看个例子。

翻译:我的导师是亚裔人,嗜烟好酒,脾气暴躁.

这是1997年八级考试汉译英试题中的一句,很多考生将"亚裔人"翻译成"亚洲人"Asian,这是不对的.根据原文的语境,这里的"亚裔人"指的是已经取得美国国籍的亚洲人,应翻译成Asian American.

整句话翻译成英文就是:My advisor, an Asian American, was addicted to alcohols and cigarettes.

再来说一个汉译英的例子,简单拿“加油”来讲,奥运会中“加油”两字必不可少,那么这个翻译成英文要怎么翻呢?

有考生翻译成“go for it”或“put more effort into it”或“Don’t give up”,这样翻译还不如“加油”两字来的干脆有力量。经常看韩国综艺的人应该知道韩国人经常用“fighting”来加油鼓劲儿,这样看来确实比之前所举的三种翻译方法简单实用有力量。

而《时代》驻北京记者西蒙·爱勒根特则给出了更好的更贴切的英译文,“Zhongguo jiayou! Go China!”也就是说,最准确的译文应该是两个:一个是拼音“jiayou”,另外一个叫“Go China”。拼音凸显了中国文化的独特性,“Go China”则更好的表达了中国力量。

在当初上翻译课的时候第一课老师总会告诉我们,翻译的要求分“信”、“达”、“雅”三方面,只有巧妙将三方面揉捏在一起才能达到翻译的最高境界。

下面小编给大家找了两篇我认为比较好的双语散文,大家细细揣摩分析。

Clear Your Mental Space清理心灵的空间

Think about the last time you felt a negative emotion—like stress, anger, or frustration. What was going through your mind as you were going through that negativity? Was your mind cluttered with thoughts? Or was it paralyzed, unable to think?

想一下你最近一次感受到的消极情绪,例如压力、愤怒或挫折。当你处于那种消极情绪时你在想些什么?是充满了混乱的思绪?还是陷于麻木,无法思考?

The next time you find yourself in the middle of a very stressful time, or you feel angry or frustrated, stop. Yes, that’s right, stop. Whatever you’re doing, stop and sit for one minute. While you’re sitting there, completely immerse yourself in the negative emotion.

下次当你发现自己处于非常紧张的状态时,或是你感到气愤或受挫时,停下来。是的,对,停下来。不管你在做什么,停下来坐上一分钟。做着的时候,让自己完全沉浸在那种消极情绪之中。

Allow that emotion to consume you. Allow yourself one minute to truly feel that emotion. Don’t cheat yourself here. Take the entire minute—but only one minute—to do nothing else but feel that emotion.

让那种消极情绪吞噬你,给自己一分钟的时间去真切地体会那种情绪,不要欺骗自己。花整整一分钟时间——但只有一分钟——去体会那种情绪,别的什么都不要做。

When the minute is over, ask yourself, “Am I wiling to keep holding on to this negative emotion as I go through the rest of the day?”

当一分钟结束时,问自己:“我是否想在今天余下的时间里继续保持这种消极情绪?”

Once you’ve allowed yourself to be totally immersed in the emotion and really fell it, you will be surprised to find that the emotion clears rather quickly.

一旦你允许自己完全沉浸在那种情绪当中并真切体会到它,你就会惊奇地发现那种情绪很快就消失了。

If you feel you need to hold on to the emotion for a little longer, that is OK. Allow yourself another minute to feel the emotion.

如果你觉得还需要点时间来保持那种情绪,没关系,再给自己一分钟的时间去体会它。

When you feel you’ve had enough of the emotion, ask yourself if you’re willing to carry that negativity with you for the rest of the day. If not, take a deep breath. As you exhale, release all that negativity with your breath.

如果你觉得自己已经充分体会到了那种情绪,你就问自己是否愿意在今天余下的时间里继续保持那种消极的情绪。如果不愿意,那就深呼吸。呼气的时候,把所有的消极情绪都释放出去。

This exercise seems simple—almost too simple. But, it is very effective. By allowing that negative emotion the space to be truly felt, you are dealing with the emotion rather than stuffing it down and trying not to feel it. You are actually taking away the power of the emotion by giving it the space and attention it needs. When you immerse yourself in the emotion, and realize that it is only emotion, it loses its control. You can clear your head and proceed with your task.

这个方法似乎很简单——几乎是太过简单了,但却非常有效。通过给自己空间真正体会消极情绪,你是在处理这种情绪,而不是将其压制下去然后尽量不加理会。通过给予消极情绪所需的空间和关注,你实际上是在消解其力量。当你沉浸在那种情绪之中,并且明白它只是一种情绪时,你就摆脱了它的控制。你可以清理大脑并继续做事。

Try it. Next time you’re in the middle of a negative emotion, give yourself the space to feel the emotion and see what happens. Keep a piece of paper with you that says the following:

你下次笼罩于消极情绪时,试一下这种做法,给自己一点空间来体会那种情绪并看看会发生什么。随后带一张写着如下字句的纸条:

Stop. Immerse for one minute. Do I want to keep this negativity? Breath deep, exhale, release. Move on!

停下来。沉浸一分钟。我想保持这种消极情绪吗?深呼吸、呼气、放松。继续做事!

This will remind you of the steps to the process. Remember; take the time you need to really immerse yourself in the emotion. Then, when you feel you’ve felt it enough, release it—really let go of it. You will be surprised at how quickly you can move on from a negative situation and get to what you really want to do!

我会提醒你该怎样去做。记注,要花所需要的时间去真正沉浸于那种情绪之中。然后,当你感到自己已经充分体会到了它,就将其释放——真的放开它。你会惊奇地发现,你很快就能摆脱消极情绪,并开始做你真正想做的事情!

An October Sunrise十月的日出

Richard D.Blackmore

I was up the next morning be fore the October sunrise, and away through the wild and the woodland. The rising of the sun was noble in the cold and warmth of it peeping down the spread of light, he raised his shoulder heavily over the edge of grey mountain and wavering length of upland. Beneath his gaze the dew-fogs dipped, and crept to crept to the hollow places; then stole away in line and column, holding skirts, and clinging subtly at the sheltering corners where rock hung over grassland, while the brave lines of the hills came forth, one beyond other gliding.

第二天凌晨,在十月的太阳升起之前,我已经起身并穿过了旷野和丛林。十月的清晨乍寒还暖,日出的景象非常壮观。透过一片晨曦,朝日从朦胧的山冈和起伏连绵的高地过际,沉重地抬起肩头。在它的逼视下,蒙蒙的雾气向下沉降,落到洼地里去,接着一丝丝一缕缕地悄悄飘散,而在草地之上悬岩之下的那些隐秘角落里,雾气却还不愿散去,同时群山的雄姿接二连三地显现出来。

The woods arose in folds, like drapery of awakened mountains, stately with a depth of awe, and memory of the tempests. Autumn’s mellow hand was upon them, as they owned already, touched with gold and red and olive, and their joy towards the sun was less to a bridegroom than a father.

森林也层层叠叠地显现,宛若刚刚苏醒的山峦的斗篷,端庄威严,并带着狂风暴雨的回忆。秋天成熟的手已经在抚摸这些山林,因为它们的颜色已经改变,染上了金黄,丹红和橄榄绿。它们对朝日所怀的一片喜悦,像是要奉献给一个新郎,更像是要奉献给一位父亲。

Yet before the floating impress of the woods could clear it self, suddenly the gladsome light leaped over hill and valley, casting amber, blue, and purple, and a tint of rich red rose; according to the scene they lit on, and the curtain flung around; yet all alike dispelling fear and the cloven hoof of darkness, all on the wings of hope advancing, and proclaiming, “God is here!” then life and joy sprang reassured from every crouching hollow; every flower, and bud and bird had a fluttering sense of them; and all the flashing of God’s gaze merged into soft beneficence.

然而,在树林那流动的景色逝去之前,欢悦的晨光突然跃出了峰峦和山谷,光线所及,把照到的地方和周围的森林分别染成青色,紫色,琥珀色和富丽的红玫瑰色。光线照到哪里,那里就如同一幅幕布被掀开。而所有的一切都同样在驱散恐惧和黑暗的魔影;所有的一切都展开希望的翅膀,向前习翔,并大声宣告:“上帝在这里!”于是生命和欢乐从每一个蜷伏的洞穴里信心十足地欣然跃出;一切花朵,蓓蕾和鸟雀都感到了生命和欢乐而抖动起来;上帝的凝视汇合成温柔的恩泽。

So, perhaps, shall break upon us that eternal morning, when crag and chasm shall be no more, neither hill and valley, nor great unvintaged ocean; but all things shall arise, and shine in the light of the Father’s countenance, because itself is risen.

也许,那永恒的晨光就会这样降临人间,那时不再有险崖沟壑,不再有峰峦山谷,也不再有浩瀚无际的海洋;万物都将踊跃升腾,在造物主慈爱的光芒中生辉,因为太阳已经升起。


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