【语法】准高一语法衔接,形容词、副词考点集汇
发布于 5年前 作者 来自外太空的鱼 2238 次浏览 来自 高考

1. 形容词的用法 (1) 形容词在句中作定语, 表语, 宾语补足语。 例如: Our country is a beautiful country. (作定语) The fish went bad. (作表语) We keep our classroom clean and tidy. (作宾语补足语)

(2) 形容词修饰something, anything, nothing, everything等不定代词时,形容词放在名词后面。 例如: I have something important to tell you. Is there anything interesting in the film.

(3) 用and 或or 连接起来的两个形容词作定语时一般把它们放在被修饰的名词后面。起进一步解释的作用。 例如: Everybody, man and woman, old and young, should attend the meeting. You can take any box away, big or small.

(4) the+形容词表示一类人或物 例如: The rich should help the poor.

2. 副词的用法 (1) 副词在句中可作状语、表语和定语。 例如: He studies very hard. (作状语) Life here is full of joy. (作定语) When will you be back? (作表语)副词按其用途和含义可分为下面五类:

[1]时间副词 时间副词通常用来表示动作的时间。常见的时间副词有:now today, tomorrow, yesterday, before, late, early, never, seldom, sometimes, often, usually, always等。 例如: He often comes to school late. What are we going to do tomorrow? He is never been to Beijing.

[2]地点副词 地点副词通常用来表示动作发生的地点。常见的地点副词有:here, there, inside, outside, home, upstairs, downstairs, anywhere, everywhere, nowhere, somewhere, down, up, off, on, in, out等。 例如: I met an old friend of mine on my way home. He went upstairs. Put down your name here.

[3]方式副词 方式副词一般都是回答―怎样的?这类问题的,其中绝大部分都是由一个形容词加词尾-ly构成的, 有少数方式副词不带词尾-ly, 它们与形容词同形。常见的方式副词有:anxiously, badly, bravely, calmly, carefully, proudly, rapidly, suddenly, successfully, angrily, happily, slowly, warmly, well, fast, slow, quick, hard, alone, high, straight, wide等。 例如: The old man walked home slowly. Please listen to the teacher carefully. The birds are flying high. He runs very fast.

[4]程度副词 程度副词多数用来修饰形容词和副词,有少数用来修饰动词或介词短语。常见的程度副词有:much, (a) little, a bit, very, so, too, enough, quite, rather, pretty, greatly, completely, nearly, almost, deeply, hardly, partly等。 例如: Her pronunciation is very good. She sings quite well. I can hardly agree with you.

[5]疑问副词是用来引导特殊疑问句的副词。常见的疑问副词有:how, when, where, why等。 例如: How are you getting along with your studies? Where were you yesterday? Why did you do that?

(2)副词在句中的位置

[1]多数副词作状语时放在动词之后。如果动词带有宾语,则放在宾语之后。 例如: Mr Smith works very hard. She speaks English well.

[2]频度副词作状语时,通常放在行为动词之前,情态动词,助动词和be动词之后。 例如: He usually gets up early. I’ve never heard him singing. She is seldom ill.

[3]程度副词一般放在所修饰的形容词和副词的前面, 但enough作副词用时,通常放在被修饰词的后面。 例如: It is a rather difficult job. He runs very fast. He didn’t work hard enough.

[4]副词作定语时,一般放在被修饰的名词之后。 例如: On my way home, I met my uncle. The students there have a lot time to do their own research work.

(3)部分常用副词的用法

[1] very, much 这两个副词都可表示很,但用法不同。Very用来修饰形容词和副词的原级,而much用来修饰形容词和副词的比较级。 例如: She is a very nice girl. I’m feeling much better now.

much可以修饰动词,而very则不能。 例如: I don’t like the idea much. They did not talk much.

[2] too, either 这两个副词都表示也,但too用于肯定句,either用于否定句。 例如: She can dance, and I can dance, too. I haven’t read the book and my brother hasn’t either.

[3] already, yet already一般用于语肯定句,yet一般用于否定句。 例如: He has already left. Have you heard from him yet? He hasn’t answered yet.

[4] so, neither so和neither都可用于倒装句,但so表示肯定,neither表示否定。 例如: My brother likes football and so do I. My brother doesn’t like dancing and neither do I.

3. 形容词和副词的比较级和最高级 (1) 两个人或事物的比较时(不一定每一方只有一个人或一个事物),用比较级。 例如: Our teacher is taller than we are. The boys in her class are taller than the boys in your class.

(2) most 同形容词连用而不用the,表示"极,很,非常, 十分" 例如: It’s most dangerous to be here. 在这儿太危险。

(3)The+形容词比较级…, the+形容词比较级…表示越… 就越… 例如: The more you study, the more you know.

(4) 形容词比较级+ and + 形容词比较级, 表示越来越… 例如: It’s getting hotter and hotter.

(5) 主语+谓语(系动词)+as+形容词原形+as+从句。表示两者对比相同。 例如: This box is as big as mine.

(6) the + 形容词,表示某种人。 例如: He always helps the poor.

(7) 形容词和副词最高级用于三个或三个以上的人和物进行比较。 例如: Shanghai is one of the biggest cities in China.


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