【阅读】考研练习题
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Read the following text and answer the questions by choosing the most suitable subheading from the list A-G for each numbered paragraphs (41-45). There are two extra subheadings which you do not need to use. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)   A. Be silly   B. Have fun   C. Ask for help   D. Express your emotions.   E. Don’t overthink it   F. Be easily pleased   G. Notice things   Act Your Shoe Size, Not Your Age.   (1) As adults, it seems that we’re constantly pursuing happiness, often with mixed results. Yet children appear to have it down to an art-and for the most part they don’t need self-help books or therapy. Instead, they look after their wellbeing instinctively and usually more effectively than we do as grownups. Perhaps it’s time to learn a few lessons from them.   41___________.   (2) What does a child do when he’s sad? He cries. When he’s angry? He shouts. Scared? Probably a bit of both. As we grow up, we learn to control our emotions so they are manageable and don’t dictate our behaviours, which is in many ways a good thing. But too often we take this process too far and end up suppressing emotions, especially negative ones. That’s about as effective as brushing dirt under a carpet and can even make us ill. What we feel appropriately and then-again, like children-move on.   42__________.   A couple of Christmases ago, my youngest stepdaughter, who was 9 years old at the time, got a Superman T-shirt for Christmas. It cost less than a fiver but she was overjoyed, and couldn’t bigger house or better car will be the magic silver bullet that will allow us to finally be content, but the reality is these things have little lasting impact on our happiness levels. Instead, being grateful for small things every day is a much better way to improve wellbeing.   43__________.   Have you ever noticed how much children laugh? If we adults could indulge in a bit of silliness and giggling, we would reduce the stress hormones in our bodies, increase good hormones like endorphins, improve blood flow to our hearts and ever have a greater chance of fighting off infection. All of which would, of course, have a positive effect on our happiness levels.   44__________.   The problem with being a grownup is that there’s an awful lot of serious stuff to deal with-work, mortgage payments, figuring out what to cook for dinner. But as adults we also have the luxury of being able to control our own diaries and it’s important that we schedule in time to enjoy the thing we love. Those things might be social, sporting, creative or completely random (dancing around the living room, anyone?)-it doesn’t matter, so long as they’re enjoyable, and not likely to have negative side effects, such as drinking too much alcohol or going on a wild spending spree if you’re on a tight budget.   45__________.   Having said all of the above, it’s important to add that we shouldn’t try too hard to be happy. Scientists tell us this can back fire and actually have a negative impact on our wellbeing. As the Chinese philosopher Chuang Tzu is reported to have said: “Happiness is the absence of striving for happiness.” And in that, once more, we need to look to the example of our children, to whom happiness is not a goal but a natural byproduct of the way they live.

答案解析 41、选C。看清楚题目要求“subheading”意思是副标题,我们需要为每段选择一个总结性的词汇。下文以设问方式开头,说小孩子高兴就要笑,难过就会大哭…其实就是想说成年人太压抑自己的情感。末尾“express what we feel appropriately”也正好印证我们的答案C。 42、选E。整段通过举例一个小女孩得到了一件T恤就很开心,联想到成年人只会喜欢房子、车子这些,说明我们应该要懂得满足,幸福可以来自一件小事。 43、选D。“silliness”暗示了此题的答案。本段同样以一个疑问句作为开头,问大家是否注意到小孩子是怎么笑的。后面紧接着用一个假设说我们如果也天真一点,容易满足一些,对我们的身体有哪些好处。其实就是让我们去像孩子一样傻的天真。 44、选B。这段讲述成年人有很多琐事需要应对,但是我们还是不要忘记享受,后面就是列举具体一些休闲娱乐的方式了。所以“Have fun”比较符合题意。 45、选D。本题可以用排除法进行选择。“Ask for help”和“Notice things”属于和题目不相关的选项。“不要想太多”,就和孩子一样自然、随性就会很幸福。


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