【语法】近五年中考英语最难单选题汇总
发布于 5年前 作者 活在当下 3168 次浏览 来自 中考

( ) —Could I use your dictionary?
— Yes, you _________. A. need
B. could
C. can
D. should

解析:选C。 此题容易误选B. 此题中could并不是表示过去,而是委婉的征求意见,其肯定回答是Yes, you can。

( ) In the past few years there _________ great changes in my hometown. A. have been
B. were
C. had been
D. are

解析:选A. 此题容易误选B. 一般情况下In the past few years用于现在完成时,In the past用于一般过去时。

( ) —Could you tell me when Mr. Li ________ in Huanggang — Sure. When he ________, I’ll call you. A. arrives; will arrive
B. will arrive; arrives
C. arrives; arrives
D.will arrive; will arrive

解析:选B. 第一句是宾语从句根据语境用一般将来时,第二句是时间状语从句,由于主句是一般将来时,那么从句要用一般现在时来代替

( ) —Mary dances best in our school. —I agree. I’ll never forget ___ her dance for the first time. A.see
B.to see
C.seeing
D.seen

解析:选C。此题容易误选B. 如果学生想正确选出答案,必须知道forget to do sth(忘记做某事);forget doing sth(忘记做过某事)。根据语境选择C。

( ) —Is tea ready? —No, mother is _______ it ready now. A. doing
B. cooking
C. burning
D. getting

解析:选择D. 此题稍难,ready是形容词,get sth +adj是准备好某事。A, B, C, 动词后面只能接副词。

( ) There are many people downstairs. What do you think _________ ? A.to happen
B. happening
C. is happened
D. has happened

解析:选择D. 此题我们首先排除C. 因为动词happen是不及物动词,没有被动语态。B答案少了助动词is, A动词不定式表示将来,根据语境应该用现在完成时或现在进行时。

( ) Remember to spend some time____ your loved ones,because they are not going to be around forever. A. from
B. with
C. in
D. on

解析:选B. 此题95%的学生容易选错。主要是受spend…on…思维定势的影响。其实句意是:记住与你喜欢的人度过一段时间,因为他们不会永远与你在一起。

( ) —I hear Sam has gone to Qingdao for his holiday. —Oh, how nice! Do you know when he _______? A. left
B. was leaving
C. has left
D. had left

解析:选A. 前面说萨姆已经去青岛度假了,说明已经离开。而when一般情况下不能与现在完成时连用,故选A。

( ) —David, look at the man in white over there. Can you tell me _______ ?
—He is a doctor. A.who is he
B.who he is
C. what does he do
D. what he does

解析:选择D. 此题可以用排除法,宾语从句用陈述句语序,容易排除A, C. 根据答语He is a doctor知道应该是问职业,who 是用来询问身份的。

( ) —I want to teach inTibet when I graduate from the college. —Me too.Teachers ___very much there. A. need
B. are needing
C. are needed
D. is needed

解析:选C。老师在那儿是被需要,排除A, B. 主语Teachers是复数,排除D. 故选择C。

( ) —Tommy, do you know if Frank ___ to the theatre with us this Sunday if it ____? —Sorry, I have no idea. A. will go, is going to be fine
B. goes, is fine C. will go, is fine
D. goes, will be fine

解析:选C. 第一个if引导的是宾语从句,根据语境用一般将来时, 第二if 引导状语从句,根据主将从现原则,前面主句是一般将来时,那么从句要用一般现在时。

( ) I don’t have to introduce him to you ____ you know the boy. A. until
B. unless
C. since
D. but

解析:选C. 连词的区别。根据语境:既然你认识这位男孩,我就没有必要向你介绍他了。注意,since除了有“自从”之意外,还有“因为,既然”之意。

( ) — Would you please ____ the paper for me and see if there are any obvious (明显的) mistakes? — Of course I will. A. look around
B. look through
C. look up
D. look into

解析:选B. 动词短语辨析。look around环顾;look through浏览;look up查找; look into调查。根据语句意:请你帮我浏览一下试卷看看有没有明显错误可以吗?

( ) —This pair of shoes _______ really small for me. —Why not try another _________. A. is, pair
B. are, pair
C. is, one
D. are, one

解析:选A。This pair of shoes/pants做主语,谓语动词的数取决于pair的单复数,如果pair是单数谓语动词就用单数,反之用复数,这样我们就排除B, D. 又因为shoes是复数,不能直接用one代替,故选择A。

( ) If you don’t go to the meeting tomorrow, _____? A. he will, too
B. he won’t, either
C. he does, too
D. he doesn’t, either

解析:选B. 此题容易误选D. 由于整个句子中含有条件状语从句,根据主将从现原则,前面的从句是一般将来时,后面的主句应该是一般现在时。

( ) I don’t think we can finish all the work before Friday, ________? A. do I
B. can we
C. can’t we
D. don’t we

解析:选B. 此题学生最容易误选A, C. 以I think引导的宾语从句其反意疑问句应该对后面的从句进行反问,本题从句实际上是否定句,只不过否定转移到前面的主句去了。故选择B。

( ) The shop ________ at 8:00 a.m. and it ________ for ten hours every day. A. opens; is open
B. is opened; opens
C. is open; has opened
D. opened; opens

解析:选A。 此题学生容易误选C. 要知道open作动词时是瞬间性动词,不能与表示一段时间的状语连用,故排除C. 根据时间副词every day不用一般过去时,排除D, 根据句意:每天开门10小时,表示状态,不表示动作,排除B。

( ) 58. The old man lives in a town. He lives , but he doesn’t feel . A. lonely, lonely, alone
B.alone, alone, lonely
C. lonely, alone, lonely
D.alone, alone, alone

解析:选C。lonely是形容词,可以做表语,也可以作定语,意为寂寞的,偏僻的, alone既是形容词也是副词,意为独自的/地,单独的/地。

( )—Do you know _______?
—I’m not sure.Maybe an artist. A.what the man with long hair is
B.what is the man with long hair C.who the man with long hair is
D.who is the man with long hair

解析:选择A. 此题可以用排除法,宾语从句用陈述句语序,容易排除B, D. 根据答语知道应该是问职业,what可以表示职业,who 是用来询问身份的。

( ) —Why don’t you choose the red tie? —For me, it doesn’t _____ my shirt very well. A. fix
B. accept
C. compare
D. match

解析:选D. 本题考查动词match意为搭配的用法,句意是“它与我的衬衫不搭配”应选择D。学生错选原因可能是把match当名词用,即:手表,比赛。其他选项不符合题意。 fix 安装;使固定;固定; accept 接受;compare 比较。

( ) —Hello,Sandy. This is Jack. What are you doing? —I’m watching a match. It started at 7:00 p.m and _____ on for another an hour. A.has been
B.was
C.had been
D.will be

解析:选D. 本题考查时态。根据语境:比赛还要进行一个小时。用一般将来时。

( ) —__________? —Things are going very well. A. How soon does it go
B. How often does it go C. How far is it go
D. How is everything going

解析:选D. 本题变相测试学生的口语能力以及对日常会话的理解 How is everything going意思为:近况如何?,只有D项符合题意。

( ) The population of the world in the 20th century became very much _________ than that in the 19th. A. bigger
B. larger
C. greater
D. more

解析:选B. 本题考查population人口大小的固定用法,即由larger修饰。根据连词than不难选出B答案。

( )—What’s the weather like tomorrow?
—The radio says it is going to be even ______. A. bad
B. worst
C. badly
D. worse

解析:选D. even修饰比较级。而且根据语境应该是明天的天气比今天更加糟糕。

( ) Though she talks ______, she has made _______ friends here. A. a little, a few
B. little, few
C. little, a few
D. few, a few

解析:选C. 根据句意: 尽管她不太说话,但她在这里交了几个朋友。

( ) —My parents never stop going on about(唠叨) how I should study hard. —______. A. So my parents do
B. Nor my parents
C. Nor do my parents
D. Neither my parents do

解析:选C. 此题考查倒装句,因为前面句中有否定词never, 故后面倒装句是nor/neither+助动词+主语。

( ) He never does his work _______ Mary. A. as careful as
B. so careful as
C. as carefully as
D. carefully as

解析:选C. 副词的同级比较,副词修饰动词,排除A, B. as…as…与…一样…。

( ) Many Chinese students think science subjects are ________ foreign languages. A. more difficult as
B. less difficult than
C. much difficult than
D. so difficult as

解析:选B. 此题可以采用排除法。选择A的话必须把more改为as或把as改为than; 如果选择C, 则应该把much改为more或在much后面加more; 选择D则需要把so改为as。

( ) _________ music she is playing! A. What nice
B. How nice
C. What a nice
D. How nice a

解析:选A.。 music是不可数名词,构成what+形容词+不可数名词+主谓!

( ) His work is better than __________. A. anyone
B. anyone else
C. anyone else’s
D. anyone’s else

解析:选择C. 此题容易误选B. 比较级中,比较的对象应该前后一致。His work 应该与anyone else’s work相比较。

( ) The nurse told the children the sun ______ in the east. A. rises
B. rose
C. will rise
D. has risen

解析:选择A. 此题容易误选B. 在宾语从句中,如果主句用一般过去时,则从句用相应的过去时态,但如果从句表示客观真理,则用一般现在时。

( ) —Are you sure you have to? It’s been very late. — I don’t know ______ I can do it if not now. A. where
B. why
C. when
D. how

解析:选C. 根据语境:如果现在不做,我不知道何时可以做。

( ) —Hello, Jack! Haven’t seen you for a long time! —John! ________ A. How old are you?
B. How are you?
C. How’s that?
D. How time flies!

解析:选D. 此题容易误选B. 根据语境选择D. 即时间过得真快!

( ) I could not get through the door because there was a big stone ___________. A. by the way
B. on the way
C. out of the way
D. in the way

解析:选D. 此题学生容易误选B. by the way顺便说;on the way在路上;out of the way不挡道; in the way挡道,妨碍。根据句意:因为有块石头挡道,所以我不能通过门。

( ) Can you lend me the book ___ the other day? A. that you talked
B. you talked about it
C. which you talked to
D. you talked about

解析:选D. 此题考查定语从句的用法,学生容易误选A, B. 此题容易排除C. talk to的宾语是人而不是物,又由于talk是不及物动词,谈论某物是talk abot, 关系代词that是talk about 的宾语,可以省略。

( ) —You never told us why you were late for the meeting,____? — _______. I think it is not necessary to explain. A.weren’t you; No
B. did you; No
C. did you; Yes
D. didn’t you; No

解析:选B. 此题较难,学生非常容易选错。 首先此题容易排除A, D. 因为句中有否定词never, 反义疑问句的原则是前否后肯。在反义疑问句回答中,如果事实是肯定的,就用肯定回答,反之,则用否定回答。根据下句:没有必要解释,说明“你”没有告诉我为什么你迟到了。

( ) — What is your little brother like?
—________. He enjoys telling jokes. A. He is tall and thin
B. He is shy and quiet.
C. He is outgoing and funny.
D. He is strong and heavy。

解析:What is your little brother like?既可以用来询问人的外貌,也可以询问人的性格特征,根据He enjoys telling jokes,说明他外向、滑稽。

( ) Jim’s father got very angry _________. A. with that he had done
B. with what he had done
C. at what he had done
D. at what had he done

解析:选C. 此题容易误选B. be/get/become angry with sb对某人生气,be/get/become angry at sth对某事生气。 所做的事发生在生气之前,宾语从句用陈述句语序,故选择C。

( ) —What are on show in the museum?  —Some photos _______ by the children of Yushu, Qinghai. A. have been taken
B. were taken
C. are taken
D. taken

解析:选D. 此题学生最容易出错,误选B. 当然有的老师也会出错。此题考查过去分词作定语。此句子其实是个省略句,完整句中应该是:Some photos taken by the children of Yushu, Qinghai are on show in the museum.

( ) —He didn’t go to the lecture this morning, did he? — _____ . Though he was not feeling very well. A. No, he didn’t
B. Yes; he did
C. No, he did
D. Yes, he didn’t

解析:选B. 此题考查附加疑问句的回答,在附加疑问句中,如果事实是肯定的,就用肯定回答,反之,则用否定回答。根据下句:Though he was not feeling very well. 尽管他感到不舒服,可知他去了。


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