【语法】大学英语四级语法精讲之独立主格结构
发布于 5年前 作者 活在当下 2185 次浏览 来自 四级

一 、独立结构的构成:   只有当分词短语的逻辑主语和句子主语不一致时,我们才能用独立结构。独立结构只用做状语,多用于书面语言。常见的独立结构有以下几种:   (一) 名词/代词+分词(包括现在分词和过去分词):   1 The boy ran quickly, his father following. (表示伴随情况)   2 He lay on his back, his hands acrossed under his head. (表示伴随情况)   (二)名词/代词+形容词:   1、They started home, their minds full of plans for increasing production. (表示伴随情况)   2、 He was silent for a moment, his lips tight. (表示伴随情况)   (三)名词/代词+副词:   1、 He put on his socks, wrong side out. (表示补充说明)   2 、The war over, all the Chinese people’s volunteers came back to China. (表示补充说明)   (四)名词/代词+介词(短语)   1 、She came in, a baby in her arms. (表示伴随情况)   2 、He went off, gun in hand. (表示伴随情况)

二、独立结构在句子中的作用:   独立结构在句子中只能做状语,这种结构可以用来:   (一)表示时间:   His homework done, Jim decided to go and see the play.   (=After his homework was done, he decided to go and see the play.)   (二)表示原因:   The last bus having gone, we had to walk home.   (=Because the last bus having gone, we had to walk home. )   (三)表示条件:   Weather permitting, we’ll go for an outing tomorrow.   (=If weather permitting, we’ll go for an outing tomorrow.)   (四)表示伴随情况或伴随状况:   They walked through the forest, an old hunter leading the way.   (五)表示补充说明:   He lived in a wooden house with two rooms, one being a bedroom and the other being an office.   (=He lived in a wooden house with two rooms, one was a bedroom, the other was an office.)

三、独立变格的变化   在带有逻辑主语的分词及其短语前加”with”   1、——Why are they taking all the equipment away?   ——The job_____, they are packing up to leave.   A. it to done B. did C. was did D. done   2、Other things being equal, a man who expresses himself effectively is sure to succeed more rapidly than the man whose command of language is poor.


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