【阅读】考研英语长难句解析
发布于 5年前 作者 活在当下 2508 次浏览 来自 考研
  1. Apart from the fact that twenty-seven acts of Parliament govern the terms of advertising, no regular advertiser dare promote a product that fails to live up to the promise of his advertisements. 【词汇突破】apart from 除开;相当于besides; in addition to 的意思。 promote 促销,推广 Parliament 议会 live up to 不辜负,在翻译时常处理为符合 govern 治理,限制,规范(这个词的意识很多,可以在语境中理解) 【主干识别】no regular advertiser dare promote a product 【译文赏析】议会制定了27条法案来管理广告的内容,除此之外,任何一个正常的广告商也不敢去推销与其广告承诺不符的商品。

  2. Pearson has pieced together the work of hundreds of researchers around the world to produce a unique millennium technology calendar that gives the latest dates when we can expect hundreds of key breakthroughs and discoveries to take place. 【词汇突破】Pearson 皮尔森(人名音译) pieced together 汇集;综合 around the world 世界各地,全世界 produce 编制 a unique millennium technology calendar 一个独特的技术千年历 the latest dates 最近日期 key breakthroughs 重大突破,关键性突破 【主干识别】 Pearson has pieced together the work of hundreds of researchers around the world. 【译文赏析】皮尔森汇集世界各地数百位研究人员的成果,编制了一个独特的技术千年历,这个日历给出了我们有望看到的数百个重大突破和发现能发生的最近日期。

  3. But the idea that the journalist must understand the law more profoundly than an ordinary citizen rests on an understanding of the established conventions and special responsibilities of the news media. 【词汇突破】rests on 基于… established conventions 已确立的传统(规定/习俗) 【主干识别】the idea rests on an understanding 【译文赏析】新闻记者应比普通公民更加透彻地了解法律,而这种看法是基于对新闻 媒体中已确立的传统(规定)和特殊责任的理解。

  4. Emerging from the 1980 census is the picture of a nation developing more and more regional competition, as population growth in the Northeast and Midwest reaches a near standstill. 【词汇突破】emerge 出现 regional 区域性的 standstill 静止 picture 情况,形势,局面 census 人口普查 【主干识别】The picture is emerging from the 1980 census. (完全倒装还原) 【译文赏析】1980年的人口普查体现出这样一种情况:当东北部和中西部的人口增长已经几乎达到静止的时候,国内的区域竞争就越来越激烈了。

  5. There is no agreement whether methodology refers to the concepts peculiar to historical work in general or to the research techniques appropriate to the various branches of historical inquiry. 【词汇突破】agreement 统一的意见,一致看法 whether…refers to… or to… 是指……还是指…… the concepts/peculiar to/historical work/in general (按后置定语的顺序倒译)一般性的历史研究中的特有概念 the research techniques 研究手段 appropriate to 适用于,合适于 the various branches 各个领域 historical inquiry 历史探究 methodology 方法论 【主干识别】There is no agreement 【译文赏析】所谓方法论是指一般的历史研究中的特有概念,还是指历史探究中各个具体领域使用的研究手段,人们对此意见不一。

  6. The increase in numbers of married women employed outside the home in the twentieth century had less to do with the mechanization of house work and an increase in leisure time for these women than it did with their own economic necessity and with high marriage rates that shrank the available pool of single women workers, previously, in many cases, the only women employers would hire. 【词汇突破】 have to do with… 与……有关 Economic necessity 经济需求 pool of single women workers 单身女工的资源 high marriage rates 高结婚率 【主干识别】A had less to do with B and C than A did with D and E. 与其说A与BC 有关,还不如说与DE有关。 【译文赏析】20世纪,在家庭外被雇佣的女性人数增加了,这与其说是由于家务活的机器化和闲暇时间的增加,还不如说是由于女性自身的经济需求和由于高结婚率。正是高结婚率减少了单身女工劳动力资源的数量,而在这之前很多情况下,她们是雇主们会雇佣的唯一女性。

  7. Our dreams are the internal powerful engine and the compass that may enable us to bring up our potential glowing capacity and to guide ourselves into the future. 【词汇突破】compass罗盘 glowing炫目的 potential潜能 【译文赏析】梦想是激发我们潜能的内在引擎,是带我们去往远方的罗盘。


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