【语法】中考英语宾语从句中的易错点
发布于 5年前 作者 活在当下 1996 次浏览 来自 中考

近年来中考英语试题中,涉及从句的考点主要是对宾语从句、定语从句和状语从句的用法的考查。由于受汉语表达习惯的影响及英语中某些易混词语的干扰,学生在使用这些从句时容易出错。下面结合近三年部分地区的中考英语真题,详细剖析宾语从句用法的易错点。

宾语从句中的易错点    易出现“语序”和“时态”错误   (1)宾语从句不能用疑问语序,而要用陈述语序。但由于受who,what,which,when,where,why,how等疑问词的影响,当这些词引导宾语从句,特别是当主句也是疑问句时,容易出现“语序错误”。例如:   Could you please tell me who that girl is standing over there? 你能告诉我站在那边的那个女孩是谁吗?(不能说who is that girl standing over there)   Do you know when we shall have the final examination? 你知道我们什么时候举行期末考试吗?(不能说when shall we have the final examination)   (2)考查宾语从句的同时还考查时态辨异。除特殊情况外,宾语从句的时态有“对应原则”,即:如果主句的时态是一般过去时,那么宾语从句的时态则常是与“过去”相关的时态,此时,我们应根据句意选用一般过去时、过去进行时、过去完成时或过去将来时;如果主句是一般现在时,宾语从句的时态则根据具体语境来定。例如:   Mike said that he was born in 1978. 迈克说他出生于1978年。(主句用一般过去时,从句叙述的是过去的情况,因此用一般过去时)   I heard that our team had won the match. 我听说我们队已经赢得了比赛。(主句用一般过去时,从句叙述的是已发生的情况,因此用过去完成时)   I can see that your hometown is really beautiful. 我看得出你们的家乡真是美极了。(主句用一般现在时,从句叙述的是现在的情况,因此用一般现在时)   I believe that he will be back in half a month. 我相信他半个月后就会回来。(主句用的是一般现在时,而从句叙述的是将来的情况,因此用一般将来时)   【真题链接】   1.(2014年广州卷) I don‘t understand ( )such a silly question in class yesterday.   A. why did John ask   B. why John asked   C. why is John asking   D. why John asks   2.(2014年黔西南卷) —Could you tell me ( )?   —You can take the No. 1 bus.   A. how can we get to Xingyi Airport   B. how we can get to Xingyi Airport   C. how do we get to Xingyi Airport   D. how we got to Xingyi Airport   3.(2014年北京卷) —Do you know ( )the meeting?   —Tomorrow morning.   A. when they had   B. when they are going to have   C. when did they have   D. when are they going to have   4.(2014年宜宾卷) Her mother didn’t tell her ( )then.   A. where is the MH370 flight   B. where the MH370 flight is   C. where was the MH370 flight   D. where the MH370 flight was   5.(2014年临沂卷) —Dad,can you tell me ( )to the amusement park?   —The day after tomorrow.   A. when we are going   B. when we went   C. when are we going   D. when did we go   6.(2014年鄂州卷) —Can you tell me( )?   —In three days.   A. when will they go to the Science Museum   B. how long they have been in New York   C. how soon they will go to see the children left at home   D. what time will they attend the meeting   7.(2014年重庆B卷) —Could you please tell me( ) ?   —Two months ago. A. when did you take this photo   B. when you took this photo   C. where did you take this photo   D. where you took this photo   【答案与解析】   第1题答案为B。A项和C项均为疑问语序,不正确;D项虽是陈述语序,但时态与句中的yesterday不符;只有B项既是陈述语序,又符合时态要求。   第2题答案为B。A项和C项均为疑问语序,不正确;D项虽是陈述语序,但时态与问路的语境不符;只有B项符合题意。   第3题答案为B。C项和D项均为疑问语序,不正确;A项虽是陈述语序,但与答语“Tomorrow morning.”的时态不符;只有B项的语序和时态表达均正确。   第4题答案为D。A项和C项均为疑问语序,不正确;B项虽是陈述语序,但与主句的时态不一致;D项where the MH370 flight was是正确答案。   第5题答案为A。C项和D项均为疑问语序,不正确;B项虽是陈述语序,但时态与答语的the day after tomorrow不符;只有A项的when we are going既是陈述语序,又符合时态要求。   第6题答案为C。答语“In three days.”表示从句的动作发生在“三天之后”,因此要用how soon they will go to see the children left at home;A项和D项为疑问语序,均不符合题意。   第7题答案为B。答语“Two months ago.”是过去时间,因此要用when you took this photo;D项表达的是“拍照的地点”,不符合题意;A项和C项均为疑问语序,也不符合题意。


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