【阅读】美文阅读——个性和基因
发布于 5年前 作者 来自外太空的鱼 846 次浏览 来自 六级

美文阅读——个性和基因 Genes play a greater role in determining key personality traits like social skills and learning ability than the way we are brought up by our parents, researchers claimed. 研究人员表明,在决定诸如社交技能和学习能力的关键性格特征方面,与父母的养育方式相比较,基因扮演着更为重要的角色。 Researchers from Edinburgh University studied more than 800 sets of identical and non-identical twins to learn whether genetics or upbringing has a greater effect on how successful people are in life. 爱丁堡大学的研究人员以800多对同卵双胞胎和异卵双胞胎为对象,研究了成功的人生究竟是受遗传的影响更大还是受成长的影响更大。 Participants were asked a series of questions about how they perceive themselves and others, such as “are you influenced by people with strong opinions?” 受试者需要回答一系列的问题,都是关于他们如何看待自己和他人的,比如“你是否会受到有强烈意见的人的影响”。 Writing in the Journal of Personality, the researchers found that identical twins were twice as likely as non-identical twins to share the same personality traits, suggesting that their DNA was having the greatest impact. 正如《人格期刊》所写,研究人员发现,同卵双胞胎拥有相同性格特征的可能性是异卵双胞胎的两倍,表明他们的DNA(在决定性格特征上)起到了最重要的作用。 Genetics were most influential on people’s sense of self-control and also affected their social and learning abilities and their sense of purpose. 人们在自我控制方面、社交和学习能力方面以及使命感上,遗传是最具影响力的因素。 Prof Timothy Bates, who led the study, said: “Previously, the role of family and the environment around the home often dominated people’s ideas about what affected psychological wellbeing. However, this work highlights a much more powerful influence from genetics.” 带领整个研究团队的提莫斯·贝提斯教授说:“以前常常认为家庭角色和环境是影响人们心理健康的因素,但这次的研究表明,遗传方面的影响更为显著。”


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