【单项】高考英语专题复习题(动词和动词短语)
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高考英语专题复习题(动词和动词短语)

1.【2014届吉林省东北四校协作体高三联合考试】 It’s hard to tell real Jingdezhen vases, and it’s a little more difficult for the untrained shopper to______. A. dismiss B. distinguish C. seek D. shelter 【解析】B考查动词词义辨析。句意:很难分辨真正的景德镇花瓶,对于未经训练的购物者来区分它更困难。dismiss解散,解雇;distinguish区分,辨别;seek寻求,寻找;shelter庇护,保护。根据句意应选B项。

2.【2014届河北衡水中学高三上期二调考试】 That car accident _________all his life. After that he was limited to a wheelchair. A. damaged B. destroyed C. harmed D. ruined 【解析】D考查动词词义辨析。句意:这次交通事故毁了他的一生,在那之后, 他就被限制在了轮椅上。damage损坏(程度较轻);destroy严重损坏(程度较重, 多指事物的损坏);harm对—有害;ruin毁灭。此处应是交通事故。故选D。

3.【2014届湖北孝感高级中学高三调研考试】 We would appreciate it if customers don’t______ to leave their suggestions and expectations for our product. A. hesitate B. pretend C. undertake D. offer 【解析】A考查动词辨析。句意:如果顾客可以好不犹豫的把建议和对产品的期望留下,我们会感激的。hesitat e犹豫,迟疑;pretend假装;undertake承担,承诺;offer提供,故选A项。

4.【2014届江苏省无锡市洛社高级中学等三校高三12月联考】 He is out of work, feeling as if he has _________ nothing. A. established B. accomplished C. abolished D. guaranteed 【解析】B考查动词词义辨析。句意:他失业了,觉得自己一无所成。established建立;accomplished创建;abolished废除,废止;取消等;完成;达到(目的);guaranteed保证;担保。故选B项。

5.【2014届湖北省襄阳四中、龙泉中学、荆州中学高三10月联考】 The 2013 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was _____ jointly (共同地) to James E. Rothman, Randy W. Schekman and Thomas C. Südhof for their discoveries of a major transport system in our cells. A. awarded B. rewarded C. distributed D. contributed 【 解析】A考查动词词义辨析。句意:2013年诺贝尔生理学和医药学被授予詹姆斯•E•罗斯曼,兰迪•谢克曼和托马斯•聚德霍 夫以表彰他们对于细胞内物质运输机制的发 现。awarded授予,奖给,判给,判归,判定;reward ed酬谢,奖赏,报答,惩罚;distributed分配;contributed贡献。故选A项。

6.【2014届江西新余一中宜春中学高三年级联考】 —Can we go camping tomorrow,as planned? —I’m afraid not.The dark clouds ________a heavy rain. A.promise B.instruct C.expect D.forecast 【解析】A考查动词词义辨析。句意:——明天我们可以象计划的那样去露营吗?——恐怕不能,乌云预示着要有一场大雨。promise答应,许诺,预示(主语是物);instruct指导,指示;expect期待,预料;forecast预测(主语是人),故选A项。

7.【2014届浙江省五校高三第一次联考】 After a day’s hard work, Mary went to the nearby shop to _____ herself to a strawberry ice cream. A. satisfy B. treat C. provide D. offer 【解析】B考查动词词义辨析。句意:一天的努力工作以后,Mary去了附件的商店请自己吃了一个草莓冰激凌。satisfy使……满意;treat治疗,对待;provide提供;offer主动提供,固定搭配treat sb to…请某人吃……;根据句义可知B项符合上下文的语境。ACD三项的语义不搭配。故根据题意可知选B项。

8.【2014届浙江温州十校联合体高三第一学期联考】 If you _______ a high fever and a bad headache, you are advised to consult a doctor. A. perform B. develop C. present D. gather 【解析】B考查动词词义辨析。句意:如果你高烧并且头痛厉害,那么应该建议你去咨询医生。perform表演,表现;develop发展,养成,患病,开 发(软件);冲洗(胶片);present提出,颁发,授予;gather收集,聚集。根据题意可知选B项。

9.【2014届 山东师大附中高三第三次模拟考试】 —Are you still mad at her? —Not really , but I can’t __________ that her remarks hurt me. A. deny B. refuse C. reject D. decline 【解析】A考查动词词义辨析。句意:——你还和她生气吗?——不完全是,但是 我不能否认她的话伤害了我。deny否认;refuse拒绝;reject拒绝;decl ine谢绝,故根据题意可知选A项。

10.【2014届浙江象山普通高中高三第二次模拟】 The Sanlu Milk Powder event is a clear indication that food safety is a big problem; nobody can ___ all foods are secure to us, but we are sure that the situation is turning for the better. A. acknowledge B. guarantee C. identity D. clarify 【解析】B考查动词词义辨析。句意:三鹿奶粉事件是一个明确的迹象表明,食品安全是一个大问题;没有人能保证所有食品都是安全的人,但可以肯定的是,情况已有所好转。acknowledge 承认;guarantee 保证;identity 身份、特性。clarify 澄清。根据句意最佳选B项。

11.【2014届河南中原名校联盟高三上学期第一次摸底考试】 Much as he ________ he has a good command of English, he sometimes feels it hard to find an a ppropriate version for some Chinese idioms. A. announces B. declares C. claims D. confirms 【解析】D考查动词词义辨析。此处announces通知;declares宣布;claims 声明; confirms证实。句意:虽然他承认 自己掌握了英语,但有时他感到找到汉语的合适的英语翻译很难。根据句意选D项。

12.【2014届河南省南阳市高三五校联谊期中】 Our bodies are ________ by working out. Similarly, our minds are developed by learning. A. burden ed B. resembled C. strengthened D. worsened 【解析】C考查动词辨析。句意:我们的身体通过锻炼 加强,我们的大脑通过学习得到发展。burdened负担;resembled 相似;strengthened加强;worsened变坏,根据题意可知选C项。

13.【2014届河南省开封高中等豫东豫北十所名校高中毕业班 阶段性测试】 As a famous public figure, you have a duty to _________ yourself responsibly, especially in public pl aces. A. carry B. conduct C. guide D. operate 【解析】B考查动词辨析。carry携带,背,运送;conduct 指导,实施,指挥;guide带领,指引;operate操作,手术,经营,conduct oneself举止,做人。句意:作为著名的公众人物,你的举止要负责任,特别是在公众场合。故选B项。

14.【2014届山东师大附中高三第三次模拟考试】 Whoever is new in the community will soon _______ to the new environment, as everybody here is friendly and helpful. A. apply B. appeal C. attach D. adapt 【解析】D考查动词辨析。句意:无论是谁,新来到这个社区,都会很快适应这里新的环境,因为这里的每一个人都很友好和愿意帮助人。apply应用;appeal呼吁;attach附上;adapt适应,故选D项。

15.【2014届江苏省六合高级中学高三第一次模拟考试】 — That pair of shoes just doesn’t __________ to me. — But I like them. A. adapt B. appeal C. attend D. agree 【解析】B考查动词辨析。句意:那双鞋对我没有吸引力。四个词都可以和to连用,构成:appeal to呼吁;上诉;有吸引力;adapt to适应;适合;改编;attend to处理;照顾;护理;agree to:同意;接受;允诺。故选B项。


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