【短语】收藏,考点短语100条
发布于 5年前 作者 来自外太空的鱼 4331 次浏览 来自 高考

短语的作用丝毫不比单词小,有些单词你可能认识,但是组合成短语就头脑一片空白了。所以,同学们一定要非常重视短语的学习! 下面这100条短语绝对是考试中非常常见的,都是由重点单词组成的,并且有相似短语的比较,是同学备考的极好资料!

1.abandon oneself to sth. 完全屈从于(某种感情或冲动)

2.have a (the )ability to do sth. = have the ability in doing sth. 有能力做某事

3.to the best of one’s ability 尽力

4.be about to do when… 正准备做某事突然…

5.above all 首先,最重要; in all 总计;after all 毕竟; 终究

6.at home and abroad 在国内外;go abroad 出国

7.in sb.’s absence = in the absence of 某人不在时; be absent from 缺席

8.be absorbed in 全神贯注于

9.access to 接近;进入

10.by accident= by chance 偶然 ; by mistake 错误地

11.be delayed through an accident 由于事故而耽误

12.be accompanied by 附有;伴随

13.according to 根据…(后面不接view,opinion…)

14.collect accounts 收账; open an account 开账户; keep accounts 记账 ; account for 说明; give a full account of 做一个完整的说明; on account of=because of 因为

15.accuse sb. of… 控告某人; charge sb. with sth. 起诉某人; blame sb. for sth. 责备某人

16.be accustomed to sth.( to doing sth.)=be used to sth.(doing sth.)习惯于做某事

17.have some acquaintance with 熟悉;熟知

18.come (run) across (偶然)碰到 ; get sth. across 使人理解;领会

19.act as充当,担任 ;act out 表演(对话、故事); act on(upon) 对…起作用

20.catch sb. in the act of doing sth. 抓住某人干某事; take action 采取行动

21.be active in 在…方面积极; take an active part in 积极参加;lead an active life 过着积极的生活

22.adapt oneself to 使自己适应…; adapt sth. to 使某物适应…; adapt from 根据…改写(改编)

23.add in 包括; 加进去;add to 增加,加强; add…to… 把…加到…上;add up to 合加起来

24.be addicted to sth.( doing sth. ) 嗜好…的;上了…瘾的

25.in addtion/ in addtion to 此外

26.deliver an address to 向…发表演讲; giving a closing address 致闭幕词;an address of welcome 欢迎词

27.admit to sth.( doing sth.) 承认

28.in advance=beforehand 提前

29.be of great (no ) advantage to 对…大大有利(毫无裨益); gain(have) an advantage over优于;胜过; take advantage of sb. 利用某人;欺骗某人

30.put an advertisement 登广告

31.ask for sb.’s advice 征求某人的建议; give sb. advice on how to do sth. 就如何 何干某事提出建议

32.advise sb. on sth. 就某事对某人提出建议;advise sb. against( doing) sth.劝某人不干某事

33.be afraid of 害怕,担心;be afraid to do 不敢做某事

34.be after 寻求;追求

35.be against one’s proposal 反对某人的意见;go against nature 违背自然;stand against the wall 靠墙而立

36.at the age of 在…岁时; be under age 未成年

37.agree with sb.( what 从句 ); agree with the climate/food 对气候/食物等的适应;agree on (upon)…就…达成一致意见

38.ahead of ( time) 在…前面;go ahead 继续;前进

39.aid sb. in sth./aid sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事; in aid of 支持 ;give sb. first aid 对某人实施急救

40.aim at 瞄准

41.on the air(用无线电、电视)播送;in the air 在空中; by air 乘飞机

42.all along 一直;始终 all over the country(world) 遍及全国(世界);all alone 单独,独自地;all but 几乎;差一点

43.allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事;allow doing sth. 允许做某事

44.let alone 更不用说 (There is not enough room for us,let alone six dogs.)

45.get along (on) with 在…方面有进展;take along with 随身携带

46.not only…but also 不仅…而且…

47.make an analysis of 分析

48.in the ancient time 在古代

49.and so on/and so forth 等等

50.be angry about sth.对某事生气;be angry at sth.因某事生气;be be angry with sb.生某人的气

51.annoy sb. with sth./annoy sb. by doing sth. 因…使某人生气

52.one after another 相继

53.answer for 对…负责;answer sb.’s call 回电话;make no answer 不作回答

54.be anxious about ( for) 为…担心;be anxious to do 渴望(急于)做某事

55.apologize to sb. for sth./ make an apology to sb. for sth 因某事向某人道歉

56.in appearance 外貌上;make one’s appearance 登台;by/from all appearances 显然

57.apply…to… 将…应用于…; apply for 申请;apply to 适应于;apply oneself to 专心致志于 ; apply to sb. for sth. 向某人申请某物

58.appoint sb. to a post 派某人任某职; appoint a time for the meeting 约定开会时间

59.approach to 接近;make an approach to 对…进行探讨

60.approve of 赞同

61.argue with/against sb. about/on sth. 与某人辩论某事;argue sb. into doing 说服某人做某事

62.arm in arm 臂挽臂;hand in hand 手拉手 ; shoulder to shoulder 肩并肩;take sth. in one’s arms 抱;be armed to the teeth 全副武装

63.arrange for 安排;准备;arrange with sb. about sth. 与某人商定某事;make an arrangement( arrangements) for… 为…做好准备;安排

64.as a whole 作为总体;on the whole 总体上

65.as…as one can 尽力;尽可能

66.as to 至于;说到

67.be ashamed at sth. 为某事感到羞愧;be ashamed for 为某人感到羞愧

68.ask for sth. 请求;ask sb. for sth. 向某人索取某物;ask sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事

69.every aspect of=all the aspects of 各个方面

70.assist sb. with sth./assist sb. in doing sth./assist sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事

71.associate…with… 把…和…联系起来 ; in association with … 与…联手

72.be astonished( surprised) at 对…感到惊奇

73.at the latest 最迟

74.e attached to 附属于…,依恋; attach sth. to… 把…系在…上

75.attempt/try to do sth.(make an attempt to do sth.) 企图做…;attempt at sth. 试图获得

76.attend to 关心;照料

77.attract/capture/catch/draw/get one’s attention 吸引某人注意;hold one’s attention on 将注意力集中于;devote one’s attention to 专心于;turn one’s attention to 将注意力转向;pay attention to 注意

78.one’s attitude towards… 某人对…的态度

79.on (the ) average平均; above( below) average 平均以上(下)

80.be aware of 意识到,觉察

81.back and forth 来回地

82.at the back of sb./at sb.’s back 支持某人;at the back of 在…后;lie on one’s back 朝天躺着

83.go from bad to worse 每况愈下

84.go bad(wrong/hungry) 变腐(错/饿)

85.keep(lose) balance 保持(失去)平衡 ;be in the balance 悬而未决

86.ban( prohibit) sb.from doing sth. 禁止某人做某事;be under a ban被禁止

87.base sth. on/upon sth. 使…以…为基础; be based on 基于;on…basis=on the basis of 以…为基础

88.battle against 向…开战; battle with 与…搏斗; battle for为…而战

89.because of + 名词(代词、 what 从句)

90.make the bed 整理床铺;in bed/on the bed 在床上

91.beg sb. to do sth.恳求某人干某事; beg for sth. 请求得到 ;beg sth. of sb.恳求某人某事

92.begin with 从…开始

93.on behalf of 代表 ; on sb.’s behalf 代表某人

94.believe in 信任

95.belong to (无被动语态) 属于

96.beyond recognition认不出来;beyond belief 难以置信; beyond description 无法用言语表达;beyond sb. 对某人来说难以理解

97.by birth 在血统上;at birth 诞生,出生;give birth to 生(产)

98.bit by bit 一点点地;do one’s bit 尽某人一份力;quite a bit 相当多 比较: not a bit 一点也不;not a little 很,非常

99.be black and blue 遍体鳞伤的

100.bear the blame 受过lay/ put the blame on/upon sb. for sth. 把责任推到某人身上


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