【词汇】中考英语高频易混词用法解析
发布于 5年前 作者 来自外太空的鱼 1227 次浏览 来自 中考

英语单词中总有一些相近有不同的单词迷惑我们,可偏偏这些单词都是老师们青睐的考察重点!有什么办法可以简单有效的区分开来呢?今天就教大家用几个句子区别这些高频易混词的用法!

一、花费cost,spend,take 和pay

1.spend的主语必须是人 常用于以下结构: 1)spend time /money on sth. “在…上花费时间(金钱)”。 例:The mother spends a lot on her son. 这位母亲在她儿子身上花费大量心血。 2)spend time /money (in) doing sth. “花费时间(金钱)做某事”。 例:A man spends 1/3 of his life in sleeping. 一个人花费三分之一的生命在睡觉上。 3)spend money for sth. “花钱买…” 例:I spend all my money for books. 我花光所有钱来买书。

2.cost的主语是物或某种活动, 还可以表示值“(多少钱)” 结构通常为 sth. cost (sb.) + 时间/金钱 例:The house costs me a lot of money and searching for the house cost me a lot of time. 这房子花了我许多钱,而且找这房子花了我很多时间。

3.take后面常跟双宾语 常见用法:It takes sb. +时间+to do sth. 以及 doing sth. takes sb. +时间,意为“做某事花了某人多少时间”。 例:It takes me 6 years to learn English well./ Learning English well takes me 6 years. 把英语学好花了我六年时间。

4.pay要牢记固定搭配 pay (sb.) money for sth. “付钱(给某人)…” pay for sth. “付… 的钱” pay for sb. “替某人付钱” pay sb. “付钱给某人” pay money back “还钱” pay off one’s money 还清钱 例:I pay the host 2000 yuan for this room and I have to pay for my room each month. This month I don’t have enough money. My friend pay for me, so I can pay the host in time. I promise to pay money back the next day, but I don’t pay off my friend’s money until now. 我付2000块给房东租这间房,而且不得不每月交租。这个月我钱不够。我朋友替我付了房租,以便我能及时付钱给房东。我承诺第二天还钱,但到现在还没还清。

二、继续做某事 go on doing 和go on to do go on doing 指“继续做之前没做完的事情(同一件事情)” go on to do 指“继续做另一件事情” 例:I go on doing English homework after a break, then I will go on to do Math homework after finish it. 休息一会后我继续写英语作业,写完之后继续开始写数学作业。

三、习惯 be used to doing 和 be used to do 1)used to do sth. 人做主语,意为“过去常常做某事(而现在不做)”,to do 为动词不定式。 2)be/get/become used to sth./doing sth. 以人做主语,意为“习惯于某事/做某事”,to 为介词。 3)be used to do sth. 以物做主语,为被动语态,意为“被用来做某事”,to do 为动词不定式。 例:I used to stay up late, but now I cannot get used to it. The time at night should be used to sleep. 我过去常常熬夜,但现在我不能习惯那么做了。晚上的时间应该用来睡觉。

四、更喜欢 would rather 和prefer prefer to do sth. rather than do sth. = prefer (doing) sth. to (doing) sth. = would rather do sth. than do sth. 例:I prefer fruit than meat. I prefer to eat an apple rather than bite a chicken wing. So I would rather make fruit salad at home than go BBQ outside. 相较于肉我更喜欢水果。与其啃鸡翅,我更愿意吃个苹果。因此我跟喜欢在家做水果沙拉而不是出去烧烤。

五、想要/乐意 like to do 和 like doing like to do sth. 意为“想要去做某事”,表示当下的想法 like doing sth. 意为“喜欢做某事”,表示兴趣和爱好 例:I like reading books at home, but today I like to play basketball outside. 我喜欢在家看书,但今天我想出去打篮球。


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